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How To Create Natural Yellow Dyes From Plants
Natural, organic yellow dyes for fabric and fibers can be created from blossoms, leaves, roots and bark of many different plants. The key is to gather these plants during the proper season and then create the dyes.
Once the dyes are ready, the way you apply the dye depends on the fabric or fibers you wish to color. Once you've mastered the technique, your crafts and fashion will be unique.Continue to 2 of 36 below.
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Dandelions, Taraxacum, are native to Eurasia and North America. They are characterized by bright yellow flowers and leaves with a ragged sawtooth look and a deep tap root. The flowers are open during the day and close at night. Seeds are distributed from a fluffy round head with parachutes that break off and drift away.
Dandelion flowers produce a yellow dye bath with boiling water. Dandelion roots when boiled in water will produce a warm brown dye. If you have trouble finding dandelions, please... contact me and you can come dig them out of my lawn.Continue to 3 of 36 below.
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Alfalfa, Medicago sativa, is an important forage crop in the US, Canada, Argentina, France, Australia, the Middle East, South Africa and many other countries. It resembles clover but is actually a legume with a deep root system.
The seeds of alfalfa can be gathered or purchased to create a yellow dye bath when boiled with water.Continue to 4 of 36 below.
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Barberry is a popular landscape shrub because it will grow under most any condition. Barberrys are often dark red in color but bright/lime green-leafed varieties are available. The shrub does have thorns that should be handled with care.
To achieve a yellow dye, mix the bark in a boiling water bath.Continue to 5 of 36 below.
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Bay leaf, Laurus nobilis, originated in Asia Minor and spread to other similar climates. The laurel tree was very important both symbolically and literally in both Greece and Rome. The laurel can be found as a central component in many ancient mythologies that glorify the tree as a symbol of honor.
Bay leaves are used fresh or dried in cooking for their distinctive flavor and fragrance. The same leaves can be used to produce a yellow dye bath with boiling water. Fresh leaves can be picked or dried... leaves can be purchased for dye.Continue to 6 of 36 below.
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Burdock, Arctium, is a part of the thistle family and native to Europe. The plants have dark green leaves that are woolly underneath. The leafstalks are generally hollow. The burrs of these plants catch on the fur of animals and human clothing.
In the early 1940s, George de Mestral, a Swiss inventor, became curious about the burrs on his clothing and dog's fur. Examining them under a microscope, he observed the hook-and-loop system that the seeds use to attach to fabric. The results of his... observations became Velcro.
Those same burrs when boiled with water become a yellow dye bath.Continue to 7 of 36 below.
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Celery, Apium graveolens, is a plant and vegetable familiar to most everyone. It is now widely cultivated for sale to flavor soups, stews and to eat raw. Celery leaves were part of the garlands found in the tomb of pharaoh Tutankhamun (died 1323 BC).
Those same celery leaves can be boiled with water to create a yellow dye bath.Continue to 8 of 36 below.
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Crocus, C. chrysanthus, is a genus in the iris family. Most flower as a harbinger of spring during the late winter months. They are native to woodlands and meadows around the world in temperate areas. Bulbs are simple to plant and can be purchased online.
The yellow crocus, which is plentiful, produces a yellow dye bath when the petals are boiled with water.Continue to 9 of 36 below.
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Goldenrod, Solidago, is a very common wildflower found throughout. There are over 50 species of goldenrod and most of them are very similar and hard to tell apart.
All goldenrods are late bloomers, flowering in late summer into the fall. They are all perennials with large clusters of small yellow flowers. Most species propagate by a spreading root system in addition to seed.
Goldenrod flowers can produce a yellow dye when boiled with water. Goldenrod shoots gathered in early spring will make a... deep brown dye when boiled in water.Continue to 10 of 36 below.
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Heather, Calluna vulgaris, is a low-growing perennial shrub growing found widely in Europe and Asia Minor on acidic soils in open sunny areas. It has small scale leaves and mauve flowers. It is now a very popular ornamental plant in gardens.
Rather than the flowers, it is the whole heather plant that is used to produce a yellow dye bath when boiled with water.Continue to 11 of 36 below.
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Marigold, Tagetes, is one of the most common summer garden plants. It is native to North and South America. Most species have a musky, pungent scent which helps repel some common insect pests.
The flowers are rich in the orange-yellow carotenoid lutein which is used as a food coloring in the European Union for foods such as pasta, oil, margarine, dairy products and citrus juice. In the United States, however, the powders and extracts are only approved as colorants in poultry feed.
The flowers can... be gathered fresh or dried to create a yellow dye bath with boiling water.Continue to 12 of 36 below.
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Red Clover, Trifolium pratense, is native to Europe, Western Asia and northwest Africa but has been naturalized in many other regions. It is an herbaceous, short-lived perennial plant with dark pink flowers with a paler base.
It is widely grown as a fodder crop and to increase nitrogen in the soil. The entire plant - blossoms, stems and leaves - will produce a golden dye with an alum mordant.Continue to 13 of 36 below.
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Safflower, Carthamus tinctorius, is a thistle-like annual. It is commercially cultivated for vegetable oil extracted from the seeds. The plants have yellow, orange or red flowers heads with one to five flowers on each branch. It is native to arid regions and has a deep tap root for moisture.
Before the development of synthetic dyes, safflower was grown for its seeds and used for coloring, flavoring foods and making yellow fabric dyes. The yellow flowers soaked in water will release the yellow... dye.Continue to 14 of 36 below.
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Saffron is a spice derived from the flower of Crocus sativus or the saffron crocus. The crocus is part of the iris family. Most bear three or four flowers that each have three vivid crimson stigmas. The stigmas are gathered and dried to use in cooking as a seasoning and coloring agent. Because each flower's stigmas need to be collected by hand and there are only a few per flower, saffron is the most expensive spice in the world.
It is also one of the best yellow fabric dyes when set with... alum. Saffron can be purchased to use as dye if you don't have any stigmas to pick yourself.Continue to 15 of 36 below.
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St. John's Wort Flowers & Leaves
St. John's Wort, Hypericum perforatum, is now known as an over-the-counter treatment for mild depression. But for many years the flowers and leaves of the common St. John's Wort, which can be found in almost every country, were gathered to create gold/yellow dye.
It is a perennial plant with extensive, creeping rhizomes. Its stems are erect and the leaves are yellow-green. The flowers have five petals and are bright yellow with conspicuous black dots. The flowers appear between late... spring and early to mid summer.Continue to 16 of 36 below.
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The Sassafras tree, Sassafras albidum, is native to eastern North America from Ontario west to central Florida. It is a medium-sized deciduous tree with bark that is thick, dark red-brown and deeply furrowed. A yellow dye can be extracted from the wood and bark. The shoots were used to make root beer and the dried and ground leaves are known as filé powder used for thickening sauces and soups in Cajun, Creole and other Louisiana cooking.Continue to 17 of 36 below.
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Sumacs, Rhus, grow in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in Africa and North America. They propagate easily and can become a nuisance shrub or small tree.
Almost every part of the common sumac plant can be used to create dye. It is the leaves that will produce a tan or very light brown dye. The leaves yield tannin. Leather tanned with sumac is flexible, light in weight, and light in color. One type of leather made with sumac tannins is morocco leather.
The inner... pith of sumac branches produce a bright yellow dye when boiled with water.Continue to 18 of 36 below.
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Syrian Rue, Peganum harmala, is native from the eastern Mediterranean region east to India. It is a perennial plant that blossoms between June and August in the Northern Hemisphere. The flowers are white and the seed capsules carry more than 50 seeds.
It was first planted in the United States in 1928 in the state of New Mexico by a farmer wanting to manufacture the dye "Turkish Red" from its seeds. However, when the seeds are extracted with water, a yellow fluorescent dye is obtained. It... takes an alcohol bath to obtain a red dye. The seeds can be purchased in bulk.Continue to 19 of 36 below.
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The weeping willow tree, Salix, to a height and width of 35-50' on average, with a weeping shape. It loves to grow in full sun in moist soil. It is a brittle tree and drops lots of twigs and bark which is great for making dye baths. The wood and bark, when boiled in water, makes a peachy brown dye.
The leaves, when boiled with water will produce a yellow dye.
Willow trees can be found around the world in temperate climates and figure prominently in religion and literature.Continue to 20 of 36 below.
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Yellow onions, Allium cepa, are full-flavored and are used in the food of many cultures. The skins are a golden yellow and when boiled in quantity with water and set with alum produce a yellow dye.Continue to 21 of 36 below.
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Chameleon plant, Houttuynia cordata, is also called English lizard tail, heartleaf, fishwort and bishop's weed. It is a flowering plant native to Japan, Korea, southern China and Southeast Asia.
The plant grows well in moist to wet soil and even slightly submerged in water in partial or full sun. It has been cultivated for temperate garden use.
To create a golden dye, the entire plant is steeped in boiling water.Continue to 22 of 36 below.
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Daffodil, Narcissus, is a spring-flowering bulb in the Amaryllis family. Though the traditional daffodil bloom of folklore, poetry, and field is yellow to golden-yellow color all over. However, it has been bred to produce different colors and double, triple and more blooms.
To produce a yellow dye, use the flower heads after they have dried with an alum mordant.Continue to 23 of 36 below.
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The dahlia is a bushy, tuberous perennial plants native to Mexico, Central America and Colombia related to the sunflower, daisy, chrysanthemum and zinnia. It is mainly grown as a garden plant and are brightly colored, displaying most hues, with the exception of blue.
The red, yellow and orange flowers - fresh or dried - make a yellow to orange dye when boiled with water.Continue to 24 of 36 below.
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Yellow Dock Roots
Yellow Dock, Rumex crispus, is also known as curly dock, sour dock or narrow dock. It is a widespread naturalized plant throughout the temperate world including North America, southern South America, New Zealand and parts of Australia.
The leaves, flowers and seeds, when boiled in water, produce varying shades of brown dye. The roots, however, will produce a yellow to mustard colored dye bath with boiling water.Continue to 25 of 36 below.
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Greenwood, Genista tinctoria, is a low mounding plant with snapdragon-like electric yellow spring flowers. Blooms are incredibly showy and last for 3-6 weeks depending upon the weather. The bright green arching stems produce a yellow dye bath with boiling water.Continue to 26 of 36 below.
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Hickory trees, Carya, can be found from China to India to the United States to Canada and Mexico. Hickory flowers are small, yellow-green catkins produced in spring. The fruit is an oval nut enclosed in a four-valved husk, which splits open at maturity.
The leaves produce a brilliant yellow show in the autumn and if boiled with water in quantity with salt added produce a bright yellow dye.Continue to 27 of 36 below.
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Mullen, Verbascum thapsus, is most commonly considered a weed. It is native to Eurasia but was introduced to the U.S. by early settlers.
Mullen is a biennial that grows only leaves the first year and then flowers and dies the second year. During the first year, it can produce 18-inch long wooly gray leaves that form a bushel basket-size rosette. The roots and leaves when combined with boiling water produce a pale yellow dye bath.Continue to 28 of 36 below.
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Old Man's Beard Lichen
Old Man's Beard, Usnea, is a lichen not to be confused with Spanish Moss. It grows world wide and has been used medicinally for thousands of years as an antibiotic and antifungal.
The lichen, depending upon its growing conditions can produce a yellow to orange dye bath with boiling water.Continue to 29 of 36 below.
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Oregon Grape, Mahonia, is an evergreen shrubs in the family Berberidaceae, native to eastern Asia, the Himalaya, North America and Central America. It is found both wild and cultivated for landscapes. They produce yellow flowers in autumn, winter and early spring and blue-black berries that resemble grapes.
It is the roots that will produce a yellow dye when boiled with water.Continue to 30 of 36 below.
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Osage Orange, Maclura pomifera, is also called hedge apple or Horse apple is a small deciduous tree or large shrub. The fruit is roughly spherical and bumpy filled with a sticky white latex sap. In fall, the fruit turns a bright yellow-green.
It is not related to citrus fruit but to the mulberry family. The wood and bark will produce a pale yellow dye.Continue to 31 of 36 below.
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Oxalis is part of the the wood-sorrel family and occurs throughout most of the world, except for the polar areas. There are many varieties that produce white to pink to red to yellow flowers.
To produce a yellow dye bath, use the yellow flower heads with a bit of stem. The dye will be nearly fluorescent yellow and becomes colorfast with alum mordant.Continue to 32 of 36 below.
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Peach Tree Leaves
While the fruit of the peach tree, Prunus persica, is usually the prize, it is the leaves that will produce a yellow dye bath when boiled in water.Continue to 33 of 36 below.
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The sunflower, Helianthus annuus, is an annual plant native to the Americas. The sunflower is named for its ability to follow the sun in the course of a day. What is usually called the "flower" on a mature sunflower is actually a composite of numerous florets crowded together. The outer petal-bearing florets be yellow, red, or orange.
To create a yellow dye bath, use the entire flower head while it is fresh. Combine with boiling water to extract the dye. Do not wait until the sunflower... seeds are dry!Continue to 34 of 36 below.
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Tansy, Tanacetum vulgare, is a perennial, herbaceous flowering plant of the aster family native to temperate Europe and Asia. It is also known as Bitter Buttons, Cow Bitter, Mugwort, or Golden Buttons. It has become an invasive weed in many areas.
The flowers will produce a yellow dye bath when combined with boiling water.Continue to 35 of 36 below.
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Tumeric is from the ginger family and native to Southeast Asia. The rhizomes of the plant are gathered, boiled and dried to produce a spice used in cooking. The bright yellow powder can also be used as a fabric dye by dissolving it in hot water. The depth of color can be controlled by the amount of tumeric used.
The fabric will be bright yellow if dyed with tumeric with boiling water.Continue to 36 of 36 below.
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Yarrow, Achillea millefolium, is a flowering plant native to the Northern Hemisphere. It grows wild and has been cultivated for garden plantings. The flowers can range from white to pink to yellow.
The entire plant - roots, leaves, stem, flowers - is used to produce a yellow dye bath with boiling water.