These techniques and tips are designed to show a beginner the range of ways to blend, shape, texture and finish polymer clay for miniatures and dollhouse food. Try any of the beginner projects to practice a technique and add it to you repertoire for making miniatures. Before you begin, if you are a complete beginner, read Beginners Tips For Working with Polymer Clay and Choosing a Brand of Polymer Clay
01 of 09
Blend Custom Colors of Polymer Clay
This gallery of basic polymer clay blends shows how to blend commonly used colors for miniatures from basic primary clay colors. Instead of keeping vast quantities of seldom used colors, learn to blend your own whenever you need them for a project. These blends are based on using black, white, transparent, red, blue, yellow (or turquoise, (cyan), magenta, and yellow) in order to blend any color and make your own basic shades, tints, and hues.
02 of 09
Make Custom Clay Cutters
You can easily make your own shape cutters for polymer clay miniatures. These can be used to make decorations, clay blends, tiles or small baked goods such as miniature cookies. The miniature cutters found in these instructions are all made from recycled heavy tinfoil (aluminum foil) plates with waste polymer clay handles. Start with simple shapes first, and work your way up to more complicated bends.
03 of 09
Learn Basic Polymer Clay Caning Techniques
Caning is a technique used to take a design smaller and smaller for miniatures. Canes are used for fruit and vegetable slices including oranges, lemon, grapefruit, strawberry, onion, peppers, tomatoes, eggs, and mushrooms. You begin with a design large enough to work in the details, then roll the polymer clay thinner and thinner with a regular motion to reduce the size of the design. Caning techniques work best with firm brands of polymer clay.
Here are some basic canes which are useful practice... for a beginner
04 of 09
Make Simple Molds for Polymer Clay
Polymer clay can be pressed into and baked in simple molds made from two part silicon mold putty to make a range of custom shapes. Here are some projects which use simple molds as a base.Continue to 5 of 9 below.
05 of 09
Make Custom Texturing Tools for Polymer Clay
For some polymer clay projects, you can make your own tools from beads, stamps or other items you have on hand. Here are some projects which use texturing tools you can make from clay, beads or found items.
06 of 09
Texturing Techniques for Realistic Finishes
Texture is added to bread, cakes, and other miniature food items before the clay is fully cured. You can make your own tools for texturing or use small items you have on hand like toothpicks or pins. Here are tutorials that introduce a beginner to creating realistic textured finishes on polymer clay.
07 of 09
Use Chalks or Artist's Pastels To Color Crusts and Add "Flour"
Outer finishes on miniature baked goods aren't made using polymer clay, but are most often achieved with artist's pastels or colored chalks.
08 of 09
Roll Very Thin Strands of Polymer Clay For Miniatures
Sometimes particular techniques are needed to make items small enough to be realistic in miniature. Very thin layers or rolls of polymer clay are needed for the following projects. Each project shows a method of achieving the thin layers.Continue to 9 of 9 below.
09 of 09
Make Miniature Boxes and Containers From Polymer Clay
Simple box making techniques can be used for a range of miniatures, from food to containers. Both these projects use similar techniques that can be adapted for all kinds of projects