What is Kintsugi?
There is something rather magical about the Japanese art form of Kintsugi and how it transforms something broken or in the traditional sense imperfect and makes it more beautiful and into a work of art of its own. Instead of hiding away the repairs so that the user or viewer cannot see them, Kintsugi celebrates them and makes them into the focal point. Kintsugi means quite literally ‘golden joinery’ or 'to patch with gold’.
In fact ‘Kintsugi proposes that repair can make things better than new’. Using Kintsugi in your work can really add value to your pieces and while sometimes it's fiddly to create the effect can be quite exquisite.
Where did it originate?
The history of Kintsugi dates back to the 15th century and it is thought that the story goes that a Japanese military commander sent a tea bowl back to China for repairs. The bowl came back stapled together and it sparked an idea for a Japanese potter to look into different ways of repairing things. Thus Kintsugi was born. The broken porcelain or earthenware is repaired with a resin or a lacquer that comes from trees. The sticky resin is then sanded or buffed until you almost can’t feel the crack. The artist then covers the crack with a new resin that’s been combined with gold. The effect is so desirable that ceramicists now smash their own pots so they can use the technique.
How can you use it in your own work?
Traditional Kintsugi uses urushi lacquer (which is actually related to poison ivy) and a real powdered gold to make the repair. Modern replica materials have created which are less toxic and less expensive. Although it’s also been known that the Japanese used lacquer and binding rice flour, which was much safer.
There are plenty of kits you can buy to create your own Kintsugi, like the ones you can order on Etsy from Humade. The kit includes epoxy fast glue and epoxy putty and gold powder. All you need to do is mix the resin with the gold powder and apply it to one side of the edge you want covered, then press the edges together. While the resin is still sticky you can brush on a small amount of the gold powder. Then use a little of the epoxy putty in the spaces to bind it together.
What are the different types of Kintsugi?
There are a few different types and styles of Kintsugi. Firstly there’s the traditional crack technique where gold dust or resin is used to attach the broken pieces. So the thin threads of gold run along the pot almost like veins. Secondly there’s the piece method, whereby a large piece of the pot may be missing but the missing segment is filled entirely with gold or gold lacquer, this technique is called Makienaoshi. Alternatively, a joint is where the plate may be made up of completely different pieces and joined together with Kintsugi.
Can you use other metals in Kintsugi?
Yes, it's not just gold that can be used for the art of Kintsugi. Popular effects also include silver, copper and bronze and sometimes a mix of them all is used.
When real gold is not being used, a gold effect using gold powder can be used in its place. Similarly aluminium powder can be used to achieve silver, bronze powder for bronze and copper powder for copper. Often an 'oxygen free and water resistant clear compound' is applied. This means that the piece of work will be more scratch and erosion resistant, meaning the ceramics will be much more durable. Kintusgi is a beautiful but quite fragile way of working.