Metric Measurement and Temperature Conversion Charts

Flour in Cup and Tablespoon
A cup and tablespoon with flour. Diana Rattray

In addition to the conversion tables below for liquid, dry, and weight measurements, you can use the following formulas to precisely convert from US Imperial to metric measurements. The conversion calculator below will give you precise figures, while the basic liquid and dry measurement tables are fairly accurate, but they are rounded.

To convert metric to US Imperial, work from right to left and replace the Multiply By with Divide By.

To convert Fahrenheit to Celsius, subtract 32, multiply by 5, and then divide by 9. To convert Celsius to Fahrenheit, multiply by 9, divide by 5, and then add 32. See the table below for some common temperature equivalents used in cooking and food storage.

Take a look at A to Z Food and Cooking Equivalents and Yields if you're looking for common substitutions and yields for specific ingredients.

Conversion Calculator (Precise)


Multiply By

To Determine

Fluid Ounces29.57Milliliters


Liquid Measurement Conversions

1 cup8 fluid ounces1/2 pint237 ml
2 cups16 fluid ounces1 pint474 ml
4 cups32 fluid ounces1 quart946 ml
2 pints32 fluid ounces1 quart946 ml
4 quarts128 fluid ounces1 gallon3.784 liters
8 quartsone peck  
4 pecksone bushel  
dashless than 1/4 teaspoon  


Dry Measurement Conversions

3 teaspoons1 tablespoon1/2 ounce14.3 grams 
2 tablespoons1/8 cup1 fluid ounce28.3 grams 
4 tablespoons1/4 cup2 fluid ounces56.7 grams 
5 1/3 tablespoons1/3 cup2.6 fluid ounces75.6 grams 
8 tablespoons1/2 cup4 ounces113.4 grams1 stick butter
12 tablespoons3/4 cup6 ounces.375 pound170 grams
32 tablespoons2 cups16 ounces1 pound453.6 grams
64 tablespoons4 cups32 ounces2 pounds907 grams


Temperature Conversions

DescriptionFahrenheitCelsiusGas Mark
Freezer Storage 0 F-18 C 
Water Freezes32 F0 C  
Refrigerator Storage 40 F4 C 
Room Temperature68 F to 72 F20 C to 22 C 
Lukewarm Water95 F35 C 
Poach Temperature160 F to 180 F70 C to 82 C 
Simmer Temperature185 F to 205 F85 C to 95 C 
Boil Temperature212 F100 C 
Very Cool Oven225 F110 C1/4
Cool Oven250 F120 C1/2
Very Slow Oven275 F140 C1
Slow Oven300  F150 C2
Low Oven325 F160 C3
Moderate Oven350 F180 C4
Moderately Hot Oven375 F190 C5
Hot Oven400 F to 425 F200 C to 220 C6 to 7
Very Hot Oven450 F to 475 F230 C to 240 C8 to 9
Extremely Hot Oven500 F260 C9+


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