About the Miniature Schnauzer Dog Breed

Is a Mini Schnauzer Right for You?

Dog lying on a porch
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The Miniature Schnauzer is a bold and active little dog. This breed has distinctive features and a square, sturdy build. The personality of the Mini Schnauzer makes it a feisty alert dog and loyal companion.

Miniature Schnauzer Details

Group: Terrier

Size: 11-19 pounds

Colors/Markings: Mini Schnauzers are typically seen in one of the three following color combinations:

  • Salt & Pepper
  • Black & Silver
  • Solid Black

    Miniature Schnauzer History

    The Miniature Schnauzer is closely related to its larger counterparts, the Standard Schnauzer, and Giant Schnauzer. The Miniature, Standard and Giant Schnauzer are each a distinctive breed, but all can be traced back to 15th century Germany. Derived from the Standard Schnauzer, the Miniature Schnauzer is believed to be the result of crossing small Standards with Poodles and Affenpinschers. As a Terrier, the Miniature Schnauzer was once a vermin hunter and farm dog. Over the years, the breed has developed into an amiable, loyal and protective companion dog.

    Caring for Your Miniature Schnauzer

    The Miniature Schnauzer has a wiry topcoat and soft undercoat. This breed requires frequent grooming, including trips to a professional groomer every 2-4 weeks. The typical "Schnauzer cut" gives this breed a long, bushy beard, a short coat on the torso, and fluffy hair on the legs.

    Daily brushing of the coat is recommended. It's also important to keep the nails trimmed for healthy feet and ease of walking.

    The Miniature Schnauzer is happy, intelligent, energetic, and obedient. Proper training and socialization are both essential in order to keep your Mini Schnauzer happy and healthy.

    Like most terriers, this breed can have a stubborn streak but ultimately desires structure. Also be aware that this breed has a tendency to be quite vocal at times. If your Mini Schnauzer tends to bark a lot, it is important to start working on bark control early.

    Because of its medium-high energy level, the Miniature Schnauzer should get plenty of regular exercise. Establish a daily routine that includes walks and fun activities like games to keep your Mini Schnauzer mentally and physically stimulated. 

    Miniature Schnauzer Health Problems

    Responsible breeders strive to maintain the highest breed standards as established by kennel clubs like the AKC. Dogs bred by these standards are less likely to inherit health conditions. However, some hereditary health problems can occur in the breed. The following are some conditions to be aware of:

    Who Should Get a Miniature Schnauzer?

    Overall, the Miniature Schnauzer makes a wonderful pet for all kinds of households. This breed can be a wonderful family pet if given proper training and socialization. Raising your Miniature Schnauzer properly can result in a long, happy and fulfilling companionship.


    The Miniature Schnauzer is one of many considered to be hypoallergenic dog breeds and may be suitable for those who are mildly or moderately allergic to dogs.

    As with any breed, if you think the Miniature Schnauzer is right for you, be sure to research the breed well before getting one of your own. Talk to veterinarians, pet professionals, other Miniature Schnauzer owners, reputable Miniature Schnauzer breeders and Miniature Schnauzer rescue groups to learn everything you can.