You may have heard of so-called "poop coffee" or "cat coffee", a type of coffee made from coffee beans that have been ingested and excreted by the palm civet. It's an oddity in the coffee world, for sure! But now, it isn't the only "animal-processed" coffee out there. There's another type, called "monkey coffee" or "monkey parchment coffee", that is currently being produced in India.
What is Monkey Coffee?
Monkey coffee is a rare type of coffee made from beans that were chewed by Rhesus monkeys.
The monkeys are instinctively drawn to the ripest, sweetest coffee cherries growing on coffee estates. They select the best coffee cherries, pick them, chew them leisurely for a few minutes and then spit the remainder of the fruit (the seed we knew as the "coffee bean" and the "parchment" layer surrounding the seed) onto the ground.
After the monkeys spit out the coffee beans, workers painstakingly harvest the chewed seeds. The seeds are then rinsed, washed, processed and dried. The dry beans look gray (rather than the usual green color of raw beans) and sometimes have tooth marks from the Rhesus monkeys. After drying, the coffee beans can be roasted and then sold like other commercially available coffee beans.
You can prepare monkey parchment coffee at home just as you would any other coffee beans. However, like cat poop coffee, monkey parchment coffee tastes very different from typical coffee.
This is because the monkeys' saliva causes enzymes in the beans to break down, thus changing the overall flavor profile of the coffee.
Where is Monkey Coffee From?
Monkey coffee is made in Chickmagalur, India. Chickmagalur is located in India's state of Karnataka, which is known for its mountains and beaches, as well as its coffee production in Coorg, a picturesque, higher elevation portion of Karnataka.
The area is lush, green and hilly with heavy rainfall and enough coffee plantations to comprise 60 percent of India's total coffee production. The coffee farms are sometimes located alongside forests and other times interspersed with other plants in variations on shade-grown coffee and/or permaculture. Rhesus monkeys inhabit the forests and visit the coffee plantations fairly often.
When was Monkey Coffee Created?
The cultivation of Monkey Coffee is a relatively new practice. In the past, monkey-chewed coffee beans were rarely collected. In recent years, several coffee producers have started to collect the chewed beans and process them for sale to the international market as a specialty coffee akin to civet coffee.
How Much Does Monkey Coffee Cost?
Like kopi luwak (cat poop coffee), monkey coffee is not cheap. It retails at around $320 US a pound. That's about seven US dollars per cup of brewed coffee.