40 Pine Trees From Around the World

Pine trees belong to the genus Pinus. These are evergreen conifers that can be found throughout the world. One way to identify pine trees is by how many pine needles there are per bundle (formally known as fascicle). 40 species of pine trees are included in this list.

The native regions are listed. Many of these pine trees have been transplanted to other countries (including the United States) so you could see them outside the regions listed.

  • 01 of 40

    Aleppo Pine

    Aleppo Pine
    Gunter Flegar/Getty Images

    Latin Name: Pinus halepensis

    Other Name(s): Jerusalem pine

    Native To: Mediterranean region

    Preferred Hardiness Zones:: Zones 8-10

    Size: 30-60' tall and 20-40' wide

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: Usually 2, sometimes 3

  • 02 of 40

    Austrian Pine

    Forest of Black Pines, Maravals, TrŽlissac, Dordogne, France
    Forest of Austrian pine, Maravals, TrŽlissac, Dordogne, France. Laurent LhotŽ / Getty Images

    Latin Name: Pinus nigra

    Other Name(s): European black pine

    Native To: Southern Europe, Northern Africa, Cyprus, Turkey

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 4-7

    Size: 40-60' tall and 20-40' wide

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 2

  • 03 of 40

    Bristlecone Pine

    Bristlecone Pine
    Matt Lavin/flickr/CC By 2.0

    Latin Name: Pinus aristata

    Other Name(s): Hickory pine, Rocky Mountain bristlecone pine

    Native To: Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 4-7

    Size: 8-30' tall and 10-15' wide

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 5

  • 04 of 40

    Canary Island Pine

    Canary Island Pine
    Dominic Dähncke/Getty Images

    Latin Name: Pinus canariensis

    Native To: Canary Islands (Spain)

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 9-11

    Size: 50-80'+ tall and 30' wide

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 3

    Continue to 5 of 40 below.
  • 05 of 40

    Chir Pine

    Chir Pine
    Sunil Garg/flickr/CC By 2.0

    Latin Name: Pinus roxburghii

    Other Name(s): Imodi pine

    Native To: Afghanistan, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal

    Size: 60-150'+

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 3

  • 06 of 40

    Coulter Pine

    Coulter Pine
    J. Maughn/flickr/CC By 2.0

    Latin Name: Pinus coulteri

    Other Name(s): Big cone pine, nut pine, pitch pine, slash pine

    Native To: California, Mexico

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 8-9

    Size: 40-80' tall and 20-40' wide

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 3

  • 07 of 40

    Eastern White Pine

    Eastern White Pine
    Jim, The Photographer/flickr/CC By 2.0

    Latin Name: Pinus strobus

    Other Name(s): White pine

    Native To: United States, Canada

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 3-8

    Size: 50-80' tall and 20-40' wide

    Exposure: Full sun to light shade

    Needles per Bundle: 5

  • 08 of 40

    Foxtail Pine

    Foxtail Pine
    Matt Lavin/flickr/CC By 2.0

    Latin Name: Pinus balfouriana

    Native To: California

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 5-8

    Size: 20-50' tall

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 5

    Continue to 9 of 40 below.
  • 09 of 40

    Gray Pine

    Gray Pine
    Don Smith/Getty Images

    Latin Name: Pinus sabiniana

    Other Name(s): Foothill pine, California foothill pine, bull pine, digger pine

    Native To: California

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 8-9

    Size: 40-70' tall

    Exposure: Full sun to light shade

    Needles per Bundle: 3

  • 10 of 40

    Italian Stone Pine

    Italian Stone Pine
    Daniel Schoenen/Getty Images

    Latin Name: Pinus pinea

    Other Name(s): Umbrella pine

    Native To: Southern Europe, Lebanon, Turkey

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 8-10

    Size: 30-60' tall and 30-50' wide

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 2

    Note: Source of pignoli nuts

  • 11 of 40

    Jack Pine

    Grand Lake can be seen through a jack pine tree as the fog lifts off the lake in the early moring hours in Algonquin Park, Ontario.
    Algonquin Park, Ontario, Canada. Robert Postma / Getty Images

    Latin Name: Pinus banksiana

    Native To: Northern United States, Canada

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 2-7

    Size: 30-70' tall and 30-40' wide

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 2

  • 12 of 40

    Japanese Black Pine

    Japanese Black Pine
    miheco/flickr/CC By 2.0

    Latin Name: Pinus thunbergii

    Other Name(s): Black pine

    Native To: Japan, South Korea

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 5-8

    Size: 20-70' tall and 20-40' wide

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 2

    Continue to 13 of 40 below.
  • 13 of 40

    Japanese White Pine

    Japanese White Pine
    Incredibly, this Japanese White Pine has been in training since 1625. (CC BY-SA 2.0) by ragesoss

    Latin Name: Pinus parviflora

    Native To: Japan, South Korea

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 4-7

    Size: 25-50' tall and wide

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 5

    Note: Japanese white pine is often used in bonsai. This specimen was started in 1625.

  • 14 of 40

    Jeffrey Pine

    Olmsted Point
    Olmsted Point, Yosemite National Park. LordRunar / Getty Images

     

    Latin Name: Pinus jeffreyi

    Native To: California, Nevada, Oregon, Mexico

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 6-8

    Size: 80-140' tall and 20-30' wide

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 3

    Note: The bark smells like vanilla

  • 15 of 40

    Lacebark Pine

    Lacebark Pine
    Cristóbal Alvarado Minic/Getty Images

    Latin Name: Pinus bungeana

    Native To: China

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 4-8

    Size: 30-50' tall and wide

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 3

    Note: The bark is very distinctive and beautiful

  • 16 of 40

    Limber Pine

    Limber Pine
    Mitch Barrie/flickr/CC By 2.0

    Latin Name: Pinus flexilis

    Native To: United States, Canada

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 4-7

    Size: 30-60' tall and 15-35' wide

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 5

    Continue to 17 of 40 below.
  • 17 of 40

    Loblolly Pine

    Loblolly Pine
    Chris M Morris/flickr/CC By 2.0

    Latin Name: Pinus taeda

    Other Name(s): Arkansas pine, North Carolina pine, oldfield pine

    Native To: United States

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 6-9

    Size: 50-80' + tall and 30-40' wide

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 3

  • 18 of 40

    Lodgepole Pine

    Lodgepole Pine
    S. Rae/flickr/CC By 2.0

    Latin Name: Pinus contorta There are several varieties, depending on location

    Other Name(s): Beach pine, shore pine, coast pine, Bolander pine, Sierra lodgepole pine, tamarack pine, Rocky Mountain lodgepole pine, black pine

    Native To: North America

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Depends on variety. Generally 4-8

    Size: 70-80' tall and 20-25' wide

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 2

  • 19 of 40

    Longleaf Pine

    Longleaf Pine
    Justin Meissen/flickr/CC By 2.0

    Latin Name: Pinus palustris

    Native To: Southern United States

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zone 7-9

    Size: 60-100' tall and 30-40' wide

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 3

  • 20 of 40

    Luchu Pine

    Pinus luchuensis (Okinawa Pine)
    Pinus luchuensis (Okinawa Pine), Chichijima Island, Bonin Islands, Japan. By タクナワン (Own work) [CC0], via Wikimedia Commons

    Latin Name: Pinus luchuensis

    Other Name(s): Okinawa pine, Ryuku Island pine, old style pine

    Native To: Japan - only found in Okinawa

    Needles per Bundle: 2

    Continue to 21 of 40 below.
  • 21 of 40

    Maritime Pine

    Maritime Pine
    JamesDeMers / Pixabay/CC By 0

    Latin Name: Pinus pinaster

    Other Name(s): Cluster pine, French turpentine pine

    Native To: Southern Europe, Morocco

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 8-9

    Size: 60-100' tall

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 2, sometimes 3

  • 22 of 40

    Mexican Weeping Pine

    Mexican Weeping Pine
    Daniel Geshev/flickr/CC By 2.0

    Latin Name: Pinus patula

    Other Name(s): Jelecote pine, patula pine

    Native To: Mexico

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 8-9

    Size: 60-80' tall and 30-40' wide

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 3

  • 23 of 40

    Monterey Pine

    Monterey Pine
    David Prasadv/flickr/CC By 2.0

    Latin Name: Pinus radiata

    Other Name(s): Radiata pine

    Native To: California, Mexico

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 8-10

    Size: 50-100' tall

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 3 (sometimes 2)

  • 24 of 40

    Mugo Pine

    Mugo Pine
    F.D. Richards/flickr/CC By 2.0

    Latin Name: Pinus mugo

    Other Name(s): Swiss mountain pine, mugho pine, mountain pine

    Native To: Europe

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 2-7

    Size: Shrub or tree. Depends on variety.

    Exposure: Full sun - light shade

    Needles per Bundle: 2

    Note: Be sure to read the tag for height information if you are looking for the dwarf kind. Some are 'Compacta', 'Gnome', 'Hesse', var. mugo, and var. pumilo

    Continue to 25 of 40 below.
  • 25 of 40

    Pitch Pine

    Pitch Pine
    Cyndy Sims Parr/flickr/CC By. 2.0

    Latin Name: Pinus rigida

    Native To: United States, Canada

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 4-7

    Size: 50-100' tall

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 3

  • 26 of 40

    Pond Pine

    Pinus serotina
    Pinus serotina in the United States Botanic Garden. By James Steakley (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

    Latin Name: Pinus serotina

    Other Name(s): Marsh pine, bay pine, and pocosin pine

    Native To: Eastern United States

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 7-9

    Size: 30-70' tall

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 3, sometimes 4

  • 27 of 40

    Ponderosa Pine

    Ponderosa Pine
    bilge-water/flickr/CC By 2.0

    Latin Name: Pinus ponderosa

    Other Name(s): Western yellow pine

    Native To: United States, British Columbia, Canada

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 3-7

    Size: 60-100' tall and 25-30' wide

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 3, sometimes 2

  • 28 of 40

    Red Pine

    Red pine
    bobistraveling/flickr/CC By 2.0

    Latin Name: Pinus resinosa

    Other Name(s): Canadian pine, Norway pine

    Native To: United States, Canada

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 2-7

    Size: 50-70' tall and 30' wide

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 2

    Continue to 29 of 40 below.
  • 29 of 40

    Sand Pine

    Sand Pine
    Pinus clausa grove in Ocala National Forest, northeastern Florida. By Bill Lea (USDA Forest Service) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

    Latin Name: Pinus clausa

    Other Name(s): Scrub pine

    Native To: Alabama, Florida

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 7-10

    Size: 15-60' tall, sometimes up to 100' tall

    Exposure: Full sun to part shade

    Needles per Bundle: 2

  • 30 of 40

    Scotch Pine

    Scotch Pine
    F.D. Richards/flickr/CC By 2.0

    Latin Name: Pinus sylvestris

    Other Name(s): Scots pine

    Native To: Europe, Asia

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 2-8

    Size: 30-70' tall and 25-30' wide

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 2

    Learn more about growing the Scotch pine.

  • 31 of 40

    Single-Leaf Pinyon Pine

    Branches and Cone of a One-Leaved Nut Pine
    Eric and David Hosking / Getty Images

     

    Latin Name: Pinus monophylla

    Other Name(s): Pinyon pine

    Native To: Western United States, Mexico

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 5-9

    Size: 15-50' tall and 15-30' wide

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 1 (only species)

  • 32 of 40

    Sugar Pine

    Sugar Pine
    David Prasad/ flickr/CC By 2.0

    Latin Name: Pinus lambertiana

    Other Name(s): Giant pine

    Native To: California, Nevada, Oregon, Mexico

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 6-7

    Size: 100-200' tall and 50' wide

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 5

    Note: Tallest pine tree in the world

    Continue to 33 of 40 below.
  • 33 of 40

    Tanyosho Pine

    Tanyosho pine
    (CC BY-SA 2.0) by romana klee

    Latin Name: Pinus densiflora 'Umbraculifera'

    Other Name(s): Umbrella pine, tabletop pine

    Native To: Asia

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 3-7

    Size: 12-15' tall and up to 20' wide

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 2

    Note: This is a dwarf variety of the Japanese red pine

  • 34 of 40

    Tenasserim Pine

    Tenasserim pine is the common name for Pinus latteri.
    Photo: Flickr user yetunminn

    Latin Name: Pinus latteri

    Native To: Cambodia, China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 9-10

    Size: 80-150' tall

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 2

  • 35 of 40

    Torrey Pine

    Torrey Pine
    Mano K/flickr/CC By 2.0

    Latin Name: Pinus torreyana

    Other Name(s): Del Mar pine, Soledad pine

    Native To: California

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 8-10

    Size: About 25-60' tall and wide

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 5

  • 36 of 40

    Turkish Pine

    Turkish pine
    Wolfgang Weigelt/flickr/CC By 2.0

    Latin Name: Pinus brutia

    Other Name(s): Calabrian pine, Brutian pine

    Native To: Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Turkey, Ukraine, Western Asia

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 8-11

    Size: 30-80' tall

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 2

    Continue to 37 of 40 below.
  • 37 of 40

    Two Needle Pinyon Pine

    Pinus edulis foliage and old pollen cones
    Pinus edulis foliage and old pollen cones, Grand Canyon, Arizona. By Quinn Dombrowski [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

    Latin Name: Pinus edulis

    Other Name(s): Pinyon pine

    Native To: Western/Central United States, Mexico

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 5-8

    Size: Up to 20' tall

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 2-3

  • 38 of 40

    Virginia Pine

    Virginia Pine
    Derek Ramsey/Wikimedia Commons/CC By 2.0

    Latin Name: Pinus virginiana

    Other Name(s): Scrub pine

    Native To: Eastern United States

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 5-8

    Size: About 10-50' tall and wide

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 2

  • 39 of 40

    Western White Pine

    Western White Pine
    Eyeclick/Getty Images

    Latin Name: Pinus monticola

    Other Name(s): Mountain white pine, Idaho white pine, silver pine

    Native To: Western United States, Canada

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 5-7

    Size: 60-100' + tall

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 5

  • 40 of 40

    Whitebark Pine

    Whitebark Pine trees
    daveynin/flickr/CC By 2.0

    Latin Name: Pinus albicaulis

    Other Name(s): Alpine whitebark pine, pitch pine, scrub pine, creeping pine

    Native To: Western United States, Canada

    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 4-8

    Size: 20-60' tall

    Exposure: Full sun

    Needles per Bundle: 5