40 Pine Trees From Around the World

Pine trees belong to the genus Pinus. These are evergreen conifers that can be found throughout the world. One way to identify pine trees is by how many pine needles there are per bundle (formally known as fascicle). 40 species of pine trees are included in this list.

The native regions are listed. Many of these pine trees have been transplanted to other countries (including the United States) so you could see them outside the regions listed.

  • 01 of 40

    Aleppo Pine

    Aleppo Pine
    Gunter Flegar/Getty Images


    Latin Name: Pinus halepensis
    Other Name(s): Jerusalem pine
    Native To: Mediterranean region
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 8-10
    Size: 30-60' tall and 20-40' wide
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: Usually 2, sometimes 3

  • 02 of 40

    Austrian Pine

    The scientific name for Austrian pine is Pinus nigra.
    Photo: Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org


    Latin Name: Pinus nigra
    Other Name(s): European black pine
    Native To: Southern Europe, Northern Africa, Cyprus, Turkey
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 4-7​
    Size: 40-60' tall and 20-40' wide
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 2

  • 03 of 40

    Bristlecone Pine

    Bristlecone Pine
    Matt Lavin/flickr/CC By 2.0


    Latin Name: Pinus aristata
    Other Name(s): Hickory pine, Rocky Mountain bristlecone pine
    Native To: Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 4-7
    Size: 8-30' tall and 10-15' wide
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 5

  • 04 of 40

    Canary Island Pine

    Canary Island Pine
    Dominic Dähncke/Getty Images


    Latin Name: Pinus canariensis
    Native To: Canary Islands (Spain)
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 9-11
    Size: 50-80'+ tall and 30' wide
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 3

    Continue to 5 of 40 below.
  • 05 of 40

    Chir Pine

    Chir Pine
    Sunil Garg/flickr/CC By 2.0


    Latin Name: Pinus roxburghii
    Other Name(s): Imodi pine
    Native To: Afghanistan, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal
    Size: 60-150'+
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 3

  • 06 of 40

    Coulter Pine

    Coulter Pine
    J. Maughn/flickr/CC By 2.0


    Latin Name: Pinus coulteri
    Other Name(s): Big cone pine, nut pine, pitch pine, slash pine
    Native To: California, Mexico
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 8-9
    Size: 40-80' tall and 20-40' wide
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 3

  • 07 of 40

    Eastern White Pine

    Eastern White Pine
    Jim, The Photographer/flickr/CC By 2.0


    Latin Name: Pinus strobus
    Other Name(s): White pine
    Native To: United States, Canada
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 3-8
    Size: 50-80' tall and 20-40' wide
    Exposure: Full sun - light shade
    Needles per Bundle: 5

  • 08 of 40

    Foxtail Pine

    Foxtail Pine
    Matt Lavin/flickr/CC By 2.0


    Latin Name: Pinus balfouriana
    Native To: California
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 5-8
    Size: 20-50' tall
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 5

    Continue to 9 of 40 below.
  • 09 of 40

    Gray Pine

    Gray Pine
    Don Smith/Getty Images


    Latin Name: Pinus sabiniana
    Other Name(s): Foothill pine, California foothill pine, bull pine, digger pine
    Native To: California
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 8-9
    Size: 40-70' tall
    Exposure: Full sun - light shade
    Needles per Bundle: 3

  • 10 of 40

    Italian Stone Pine

    Italian Stone Pine
    Daniel Schoenen/Getty Images


    Latin Name: Pinus pinea
    Other Name(s): Umbrella pine
    Native To: Southern Europe, Lebanon, Turkey
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 8-10
    Size: 30-60' tall and 30-50' wide
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 2
    Note: Source of pignoli nuts

  • 11 of 40

    Jack Pine

    Jack pine is the common name for Pinus banksiana.
    Photo: Keith Kanoti, Maine Forest Service, Bugwood.org


    Latin Name: Pinus banksiana
    Native To: Northern United States, Canada
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 2-7
    Size: 30-70' tall and 30-40' wide
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 2

  • 12 of 40

    Japanese Black Pine

    Japanese Black Pine
    miheco/flickr/CC By 2.0


    Latin Name: Pinus thunbergii
    Other Name(s): Black pine
    Native To: Japan, South Korea
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 5-8
    Size: 20-70' tall and 20-40' wide
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 2

    Continue to 13 of 40 below.
  • 13 of 40

    Japanese White Pine

    This Japanese white pine bonsai was started in 1625.
    Photo: Flickr user ragesoss


    Latin Name: Pinus parviflora
    Native To: Japan, South Korea
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 4-7
    Size: 25-50' tall and wide
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 5
    Note:Japanese white pine is often used in bonsai. This specimen was started in 1625.

  • 14 of 40

    Jeffrey Pine

    The bark of the Jeffrey pine (Pinus jeffreyi) smells like vanilla.
    Photo: Flickr user tomsaint11


    Latin Name: Pinus jeffreyi
    Native To: California, Nevada, Oregon, Mexico
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 6-8
    Size: 80-140' tall and 20-30' wide
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 3
    Note:The bark smells like vanilla

  • 15 of 40

    Lacebark Pine

    Lacebark Pine
    Cristóbal Alvarado Minic/Getty Images


    Latin Name: Pinus bungeana
    Native To: China
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 4-8
    Size: 30-50' tall and wide
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 3
    Note:The bark is very distinctive and beautiful

  • 16 of 40

    Limber Pine

    Limber Pine
    Mitch Barrie/flickr/CC By 2.0


    Latin Name: Pinus flexilis
    Native To: United States, Canada
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 4-7
    Size: 30-60' tall and 15-35' wide
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 5

    Continue to 17 of 40 below.
  • 17 of 40

    Loblolly Pine

    Loblolly Pine
    Chris M Morris/flickr/CC By 2.0


    Latin Name: Pinus taeda
    Other Name(s): Arkansas pine, North Carolina pine, oldfield pine
    Native To: United States
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 6-9
    Size: 50-80' + tall and 30-40' wide
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 3

  • 18 of 40

    Lodgepole Pine

    Lodgepole Pine
    S. Rae/flickr/CC By 2.0


    Latin Name: Pinus contorta There are several varieties, depending on location
    Other Name(s): Beach pine, shore pine, coast pine, Bolander pine, Sierra lodgepole pine, tamarack pine,Rocky Mountain lodgepole pine, black pine
    Native To: North America
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Depends on variety. Generally 4-8
    Size: 70-80' tall and 20-25' wide
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 2

  • 19 of 40

    Longleaf Pine

    Longleaf Pine
    Justin Meissen/flickr/CC By 2.0


    Latin Name: Pinus palustris
    Native To: Southern United States
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zone 7-9
    Size: 60-100' tall and 30-40' wide
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 3

  • 20 of 40

    Luchu Pine

    The common name for Pinus luchuensis is the Luchu pine.
    Wayne Cheng


    Latin Name: Pinus luchuensis
    Other Name(s): Okinawa pine, Ryuku Island pine, old style pine
    Native To: Japan - only found in Okinawa
    Needles per Bundle: 2

    Continue to 21 of 40 below.
  • 21 of 40

    Maritime Pine

    Maritime Pine
    JamesDeMers / Pixabay/CC By 0


    Latin Name: Pinus pinaster
    Other Name(s): Cluster pine, French turpentine pine
    Native To: Southern Europe, Morocco
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 8-9
    Size: 60-100' tall
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 2, sometimes 3

  • 22 of 40

    Mexican Weeping Pine

    Mexican Weeping Pine
    Daniel Geshev/flickr/CC By 2.0


    Latin Name: Pinus patula
    Other Name(s): Jelecote pine, patula pine
    Native To: Mexico
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 8-9
    Size: 60-80' tall and 30-40' wide
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 3

  • 23 of 40

    Monterey Pine

    Monterey Pine
    David Prasadv/flickr/CC By 2.0


    Latin Name: Pinus radiata
    Other Name(s): Radiata pine
    Native To: California, Mexico
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 8-10
    Size: 50-100' tall
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 3 (sometimes 2)

  • 24 of 40

    Mugo Pine

    Mugo Pine
    F.D. Richards/flickr/CC By 2.0


    Latin Name: Pinus mugo
    Other Name(s): Swiss mountain pine, mugho pine, mountain pine
    Native To: Europe
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 2-7
    Size: Shrub or tree. Depends on variety.
    Exposure: Full sun - light shade
    Needles per Bundle: 2
    Note:Be sure to read the tag for height information if you are looking for the dwarf kind. Some are 'Compacta', 'Gnome', 'Hesse', var. mugo, and var. pumilo

    Continue to 25 of 40 below.
  • 25 of 40

    Pitch Pine

    Pitch Pine
    Cyndy Sims Parr/flickr/CC By. 2.0


    Latin Name: Pinus rigida
    Native To: United States, Canada
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 4-7
    Size: 50-100' tall
    Exposure: Full sun​
    Needles per Bundle: 3

  • 26 of 40

    Pond Pine

    Pond pine (Pinus serotina) is also known as swamp pine.
    Photo: Flickr user cliff1066


    Latin Name: Pinus serotina
    Other Name(s): Marsh pine, bay pine, and pocosin pine
    Native To: Eastern United States
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 7-9
    Size: 30-70' tall
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 3, sometimes 4

  • 27 of 40

    Ponderosa Pine

    Ponderosa Pine
    bilge-water/flickr/CC By 2.0


    Latin Name: Pinus ponderosa
    Other Name(s): Western yellow pine
    Native To: United States, British Columbia, Canada
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 3-7
    Size: 60-100' tall and 25-30' wide
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 3, sometimes 2

  • 28 of 40

    Red Pine

    Red pine
    bobistraveling/flickr/CC By 2.0


    Latin Name: Pinus resinosa
    Other Name(s): Canadian pine, Norway pine
    Native To: United States, Canada
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 2-7
    Size: 50-70' tall and 30' wide
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 2

    Continue to 29 of 40 below.
  • 29 of 40

    Sand Pine

    Sand pine is a common name for Pinus clausa.
    homeredwardprice


    Latin Name: Pinus clausa
    Other Name(s): Scrub pine
    Native To: Alabama, Florida
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 7-10
    Size: 15-60' tall, sometimes up to 100' tall
    Exposure: Full sun - part shade
    Needles per Bundle: 2

  • 30 of 40

    Scotch Pine

    Scotch Pine
    F.D. Richards/flickr/CC By 2.0


    Latin Name: Pinus sylvestris
    Other Name(s): Scots pine
    Native To: Europe, Asia
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 2-8
    Size: 30-70' tall and 25-30' wide
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 2

    Learn more about growing the Scotch pine.

     

     

  • 31 of 40

    Single-Leaf Pinyon Pine

    The single-leaf pinyon pine (Pinus monophylla) is a source of edible pine nuts.
    Photo: Brytten Steed, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org


    Latin Name: Pinus monophylla
    Other Name(s): Pinyon pine
    Native To: Western United States, Mexico
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 5-9
    Size: 15-50' tall and 15-30' wide
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 1 (only species)

  • 32 of 40

    Sugar Pine

    Sugar Pine
    David Prasad/ flickr/CC By 2.0


    Latin Name: Pinus lambertiana
    Other Name(s): Giant pine
    Native To: California, Nevada, Oregon, Mexico
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 6-7
    Size: 100-200' tall and 50' wide
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 5
    Note: Tallest pine tree in the world

    Continue to 33 of 40 below.
  • 33 of 40

    Tanyosho Pine

    Tanyosho pine is a common name for Pinus densiflora 'Umbraculifera'.
    nautical2k


    Latin Name: Pinus densiflora 'Umbraculifera'
    Other Name(s): Umbrella pine, tabletop pine
    Native To: Asia
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 3-7
    Size: 12-15' tall and up to 20' wide
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 2
    Note: This is a dwarf variety of the Japanese red pine

  • 34 of 40

    Tenasserim Pine

    Tenasserim pine is the common name for Pinus latteri.
    Photo: Flickr user yetunminn


    Latin Name: Pinus latteri
    Native To: Cambodia, China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 9-10
    Size: 80-150' tall
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 2

  • 35 of 40

    Torrey Pine

    Torrey Pine
    Mano K/flickr/CC By 2.0


    Latin Name: Pinus torreyana
    Other Name(s): Del Mar pine, Soledad pine
    Native To: California
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 8-10
    Size: About 25-60' tall and wide
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 5

  • 36 of 40

    Turkish Pine

    Turkish pine
    Wolfgang Weigelt/flickr/CC By 2.0


    Latin Name: Pinus brutia
    Other Name(s): Calabrian pine, Brutian pine
    Native To: Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Turkey, Ukraine, Western Asia
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 8-11
    Size: 30-80' tall
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 2

    Continue to 37 of 40 below.
  • 37 of 40

    Two Needle Pinyon Pine

    The two needle pinyon pine (Pinus edulis) is a source of edible pine nuts.
    Photo: Brytten Steed, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org


    Latin Name: Pinus edulis
    Other Name(s): Pinyon pine
    Native To: Western/Central United States, Mexico
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 5-8
    Size: Up to 20' tall
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 2-3

  • 38 of 40

    Virginia Pine

    Virginia Pine
    Derek Ramsey/Wikimedia Commons/CC By 2.0


    Latin Name: Pinus virginiana
    Other Name(s): Scrub pine
    Native To: Eastern United States
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 5-8
    Size: About 10-50' tall and wide
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 2

  • 39 of 40

    Western White Pine

    Western White Pine
    Eyeclick/Getty Images


    Latin Name: Pinus monticola
    Other Name(s): Mountain white pine, Idaho white pine, silver pine
    Native To: Western United States, Canada
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 5-7
    Size: 60-100' + tall
    Exposure: Full sun​
    Needles per Bundle: 5

  • 40 of 40

    Whitebark Pine

    Whitebark Pine trees
    daveynin/flickr/CC By 2.0


    Latin Name: Pinus albicaulis
    Other Name(s): Alpine whitebark pine, pitch pine, scrub pine, creeping pine
    Native To: Western United States, Canada
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 4-8
    Size: 20-60' tall
    Exposure: Full sun
    Needles per Bundle: 5