Pomeranian Dog Breed Profile

Happy dog portrait shot outdoors.
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The Pomeranian is a dainty little dog with a typically friendly, though sometimes bossy personality. Also called a "Pom," this breed is extremely loyal to its loved ones and be quite the guard dog despite its diminutive appearance.

Caring for Your Pomeranian

The Pomeranian has a long, thick, double hair coat that requires somewhat frequent grooming. Plan to  brush your Pom's coat out several times a week.

Some Pom owners prefer to have their dogs' coats trimmed by a groomer periodically, which will reduce, but no eliminate, the need for routine brushing.

Because of the Pom's sometimes feisty nature, adequate training and socialization are absolutely essential. Don't be fooled by their dainty appearance. At their worst, these tough little dogs can be stubborn and pushy, a trait common amongst many Toy breeds. However, Poms are smart dogs that respond quickly to training. In fact, they end up being happier and well-adjusted in the long run.

Poms also have a medium-high energy level, so routine exercise is highly recommended. Try offering daily walks and frequent play. Poms will also enjoy the chance to run around occasionally (and thye don't need much space to do it).

Pomeranian Information

Group: Toy

Size: 3 to 7 pounds

Color: The Pomeranian comes in many colors, though the most common are as follows:

  • Red
  • Orange
  • Cream
  • Sable
  • Black
  • Brown
  • Blue

Pomeranian History

The Pomeranian is a descendant of the sled dogs of Iceland and Lapland and is a relative to the Spitz. The breed was developed in areas of Germany and Poland - then known as Pomerania, which is where the breed gets its name. At that time, the breed was somewhat larger than it is today.

In the late 1800s, Queen Victoria of England owned a Pomeranian, resulting in a growth in popularity of the breed. It is believed that this is when the Pomeranian started being bred down to a smaller size.

The Pomeranian gained popularity in the United States around the turn of the 20th century and remains a popular dog breed today.

Pomeranian Health Problems

Responsible breeders strive to maintain the highest breed standards as established by kennel clubs like the AKC. Dogs bred by these standards are less likely to develop hereditary conditions. However, some hereditary health problems can occur in the breed. The following are some conditions to be aware of:

Who Should Get a Pomeranian?

With proper training, the Pomeranian can make an excellent companion, though this dog is not for everyone. Families with young children may not be ideal home for a Pom, but the breed often gets along well with older, calmer children. If a faithful, upbeat, small dog is what you are looking for, a Pom might be the right match for you.

As with any breed, if you think the Pomeranian is right for you, be sure to do plenty of research before getting one.

Talk to other Pomeranian owners, reputable Pomeranian breeders and Pomeranian rescue groups to learn more.

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