Poodle Dog Breed Profile

White poodle playing in the yard.
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Poodles are highly intelligent, energetic dogs with good temperaments. Poodles are among the most popular dog breed. This may, in part, be due to the breed's three size varieties: standard, miniature, and toy, all of which are considered the same dog breed and are held to the same breed standards (only differentiated by size).

Caring for Your Poodle

Like all dogs, the Poodle requires proper training and socialization in order to be happy and well-adjusted.

Because Poodles are extremely smart dogs, they can easily be trained to perform a variety of commands and tricks. This is part of the reason Poodles are widely known as performing dogs. 

Poodles have beautiful, unique hair coats. Because their coarse, curly hair is constantly growing, much attention must be placed on proper grooming, including regular haircuts and brushing. 

The Poodle has a moderate to high energy level and requires daily exercise. Establish a routine that includes walks and fun activities like games to keep your Poodle mentally and physically stimulated.  This, along with a healthy diet and routine veterinary care will help keep your Poodle healthy for many years. Poodles are sometimes considered to have a lifespan longer than the average dog (especially miniatures and toys).

Poodle History

Poodles are believed to have originated in Germany, though they have been known as French dogs for many years.

Their name is derived from the German word pudel, meaning "to splash in water."

Standard Poodles are considered the oldest form of this breed. Their history of use as retrievers and water dogs led to the well-known Poodle haircut. This unique pattern was designed to protect joints from cold water temperatures.

Miniature and Toy Poodles were also good swimmers and hunters. Eventually, small Poodles were noted as pampered companions of French aristocrats, though they have also been known as performing dogs.

Poodle Information

Group: Non-Sporting Group

Size: The Poodle has three size categories:

  • Standard: 45-70 pounds
  • Miniature: 15-18 pounds
  • Toy: 5-9 pounds

Color: Poodles may be one of many solid colors, including but not limited to the following:

  • White
  • Black
  • Grey
  • Brown
  • Apricot

Poodle Health Problems

Responsible breeders strive to maintain the highest breed standards as established by kennel clubs like the AKC. Dogs bred by these standards are less likely to inherit health conditions. However, some hereditary health problems can occur in the breed. The following are some conditions to be aware of:

Who Should Get a Poodle?

Poodles can be affectionate dogs that make truly wonderful companions for almost anyone. These dogs tend to adapt well to nearly any kind of household. When raised properly, Poodles can do well in families with children.

The Poodle is one of many hypoallergenic dog breeds and, therefore, may be suitable for those who are mildly or moderately allergic to dogs.

As with any breed, if you think the Poodle is right for you, be sure to do plenty of research before adopting one. Talk to other Poodle owners, reputable Poodle breeders and Poodle rescue groups to learn more.