10 Popular Types of Echeveria

Learn more about the genus with over 150 species

Several types of Echeveria on a white table.

 The Spruce / Cori Sears

Echeveria is a genus of flower-shaped evergreen succulents that is native to the mountainous ranges of Central and South America. Echeverias come in a variety of stunning shapes and colors and are widely regarded as some of the most beautiful succulents. They are also one of the most prolific types of succulents and can bloom several times a year under the right growing conditions—displaying stunning orange, yellow, and red flowers. They are popular among florists, interior decorators, wedding planners, gardeners, and houseplant enthusiasts alike!

Succulents are some of the easiest plants to care for as they require very little attention, making them great for gardeners of all skill levels. They are versatile plants that can tolerate growing both indoors and outdoors, although most of the time they are not frost-tolerant and will not survive outdoors through cold winters. In general, as with most succulents, echeverias require bright light, infrequent watering, and well-draining soil in order to thrive.

Echeveria is a large genus, with approximately 150 species and over a thousand cultivators. Among these are several species of echeveria that are more popular and commercially widespread due to their appearance and care needs.

Tip

When watering echeveria, always water the soil directly and avoid allowing water to sit on the rosette of the succulent as this can lead to rot and fungal disease.

Here are some of the most popular echeveria types.

  • 01 of 10

    Echeveria 'Perle von Nurnberg'

    Echeveria perle von nurnberg.

    Arkela / Getty Images

    Echeveria 'Perle Von Nurnberg' is arguably the most popular type of echeveria. It is distinguished by a solitary rosette of paddle-shaped, pastel leaves, with a dusty appearance. In lower light, the leaves are a muted grayish color, but turn bright purple and pink in direct sun. It enjoys bright light; infrequent watering; and sandy, well-drained soils. Echeveria Perle Von Nurnberg is often featured in floral arrangements, container gardens, and wedding bouquets due to its stunning colors.

    • Native Area: Central America
    • USDA Growing Zones: 10
    • Height: maximum of 5 inches
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun to partial sun
  • 02 of 10

    Painted Echeveria (Echeveria nodulosa)

    Echeveria nodulosa - painted Echeveria.

     shihina / Getty Images

    Echeveria nodulosa, commonly known as painted echeveria, is a unique looking echeveria variety that is distinguished by its green leaves that are marked with vertical red stripes. Painted echeveria requires direct to partial sun and well-draining soil to thrive. It should be watered only once the soil has dried out completely as too much water can quickly lead to root rot. Unlike many other smaller echeverias, echeveria nodulosa can grow stems up to 2 feet tall, with rosettes reaching up to 5 inches in diameter.

    • Native Area: Central America
    • USDA Growing Zones: 9b to 11b
    • Height: 2 feet
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun to partial sun
  • 03 of 10

    Echeveria 'Black Prince'

    Echeveria black prince close up shot.

     Satakorn / Getty Images

    Echeveria 'Black Prince,' also commonly referred to as Black Hens and Chicks, is a type of slow-growing echeveria that is characterized by dark purple-brown, triangular leaves. Echeveria black prince grows in tight rosettes that get up to three inches wide. They readily produce offsets (or chicks) that start out a lighter green color that darkens with maturity. In the fall and winter, echeveria black prince produces stunning dark red flowers that emerge on tall flower stalks. To keep its vivid color echeveria black prince requires regular exposure to direct sun. As with most echeveria, echeveria black prince appreciates infrequent watering and well-draining soil.

    • Native Area: Central America
    • USDA Growing Zones: 9a
    • Height: maximum of 6 inches
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun to partial sun
  • 04 of 10

    Echeveria Topsy Turvy (Echeveria runyonii)

    Echeveria topsy turvy

    TokioMarineLife / Getty Images

    Echeveria topsy turvy is a unique looking succulent with spoon-shaped, blue-green leaves that roll downwards along their length, giving them a curved appearance. It is a fast-growing variety that can grow up to eight to 12 inches tall. It requires well-drained soil, full to partial sun, infrequent watering, and dry conditions in order to thrive. Topsy turvy can grow both indoors and outdoors, but will only do well outdoors in warm climates. If grown outdoors, it is important to note that echeveria topsy turvy is deer resistant. Thanks to its unique appearance and growing requirements, echeveria topsy turvy won the prestigious Award of Garden Merit from the United Kingdom, Royal Horticultural Society.

    • Native Area: Central America
    • USDA Growing Zones: 9a to 11b
    • Height: 8 to 12 inches
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun to partial sun
    Continue to 5 of 10 below.
  • 05 of 10

    Echeveria 'Dusty Rose'

    Echeveria dusty rose on a white background.

     Gingagi / Getty Images

    Echeveria 'Dusty Rose' is a popular hybrid variety that is characterized by powdery violet rosettes. Each rosette can grow up to eight inches in diameter in ideal conditions. Echeveria Dusty Rose appreciates full sun and infrequent watering, and as a hybrid, echeveria Dusty Rose is less frost-tolerant than most types of echeveria. It can flower multiple times throughout the year and sports bright orange flowers that emerge on tall flower stalks. Echeveria Dusty Rose should be planted in sandy, well-draining soils to ensure proper drainage.

    • Native Area: Central America
    • USDA Growing Zones: 10a to 11b
    • Height: maximum of 6 inches
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun to partial sun
  • 06 of 10

    Echeveria Mexican Snowball (Echeveria elegans)

    Echeveria elegans (Echeveria Mexican Snowball)pictured in a terracotta pot with decorative stones.

    stephen boisvert / Flickr / CC BY 2.0

    This award-winning echeveria is one of the most popular varieties of echeveria and is commonly referred to as echeveria Mexican snowball or "hens and chicks" (not to be confused with Sempervivum). Echeveria elegans has blue-ish gray leaves that form tight rosettes. This succulent does well when grown indoors and outdoors and appreciates direct sun, but can also do well in partial sun. It is easily propagated through leaf cuttings and by separating offsets, or chicks, from the main plant.

    • Native Area: Central America
    • USDA Growing Zones: 9a
    • Height: maximum of 8 inches
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun to partial sun
  • 07 of 10

    Echeveria 'Doris Taylor'

    Echeveria Doris Taylor, the fuzzy succulent.

     Quinn Dombrowski / Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0

    Echeveria 'Doris Taylor,' also commonly referred to as Woolly Rose, is a popular echeveria hybrid that is characterized by its unique green fuzzy leaves. The fuzzy rosettes grow off of short stems and only reach a maximum height of three to five inches tall. In comparison to most of its echeveria relatives, echeveria Doris Taylor appreciates filtered sun and only a few hours of direct sunlight a day. Propagation also takes longer with fuzzy leafed varieties so exercise patience if you are attempting to propagate echeveria Doris Taylor.

    • Native Area: Central America
    • USDA Growing Zones: 9a
    • Height: 3 to 5 inches
    • Sun Exposure: Partial sun, filtered sun
  • 08 of 10

    Echeveria 'Neon Breakers'

    Echeveria neon breakers, a ruffled echeveria variety, pictured with several other succulents.

    cultivar413 / Flickr / CC BY 2.0

    This evergreen echeveria hybrid features purple leaves with pink ruffled edges that get brighter in direct sunlight. Echeveria 'Neon Breakers' can grow up to three inches tall and eight inches in diameter, and grow well outdoors as well as in container gardens. They can also be grown indoors as houseplants if adequate light is provided. As with most echeverias, echeveria neon breakers does not tolerate overwatering or frost well. Be sure to plant this succulent in well-draining, sandy soil for best results and move it inside during the winter if you live in a colder climate.

    • Native Area: Central America
    • USDA Growing Zones: 10a
    • Height: 3 inches
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun, partial sun
    Continue to 9 of 10 below.
  • 09 of 10

    Echeveria 'Tippy'

    Echeveria tippy pink

     Nora Carol Photography / Getty Images

    This echeveria variety is characterized by attractive green-blue, spoon-shaped leaves with prominent pink tips that grow in a tight rosette. They can grow up to 6 inches tall and 6 inches in diameter. It propagates easily through leaf cuttings and offsets and grows well in sandy, well-draining soil. Echeveria tippy flowers in the summer and its stunning orange flowers are sought after by hummingbirds. It can make an excellent addition to any garden, container garden, or indoor houseplant collection.

    • Native Area: Central America
    • USDA Growing Zones: 10a-11
    • Height: 6 inches
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun, partial sun
  • 10 of 10

    Ghost Echeveria (Echeveria lilacina)

    Echeveria lilacina, otherwise known as Ghost Echeveria, pictured on top of stones.

    Jean-Michel Moulle / Flickr / CC BY 2.0

    Ghost echeveria, otherwise known as Echeveria lilacina is an attractive echeveria variety that can grow to be six to 10 inches tall. Characterized by silvery-gray, spoon-shaped leaves, ghost echeveria does best in partial sun. The delicate leaves can easily burn if exposed to too much direct sun, especially in hot climates. During the cooler months, ghost echeveria can take on a more lilac hue. Ghost echeverias should be watered sparingly, and planted in well-draining, sandy soils.

    • Native Area: Central America
    • USDA Growing Zones: 9b to 11b
    • Height: Maximum of 6 inches
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun to partial sun

Overall, echeverias are low-maintenance, attractive succulents that make great additions to gardens, houseplant collections, and container gardens alike. Not only do echeverias add a tropical flair, but they are easy to maintain and easy to propagate. Give them lots of sun, a little bit of water, and well-draining soil, and you will have healthy echeverias that will reward you with stunning colors and flowers.