Pug Dog Breed Profile

pug dog breed information
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The Pug is a jovial dog with a round and wrinkly head, a short nose, a stout and sturdy little body and a curly tail. This adorable little dog is charming, good-natured, energetic, and playful, making this a suitable companion for all kinds of families.

Caring for Your Pug

Pugs are happy dogs that often respond well to training (especially because they tend to be food motivated). At the very least, teach your Pug basic commands and be sure to get him used to handling.

Pugs often have a stubborn side. Therefore, untrained Pugs can be difficult to deal with in situations like handling for nail trims or paying attention to you when there are distractions.

Pugs have a great deal of energy and need a moderate amount of exercise. Be sure not to over-exercise your Pug, especially in warmer weather. The Pug's short muzzle makes it harder for this breed to cool down through panting. Pugs are prone to heat exhaustion and heat stroke, even in cooler temperatures.

The Pug has a short, soft hair coat with a tendency to shed. Basic routine grooming is generally sufficient for the breed. Extra attention should be placed upon keeping the facial folds clean to prevent infections. Frequent bathing may be recommended if your Pug has any allergies or other skin issues. Trim the nails regularly to keep them short and comfortable for your Pug.

Pug Information

AKC Breed Group: Toy

Size: 14-18 pounds

Colors: Fawn or Black

Pug Dog Breed History 

There is much debate over the true origins of the Pug, but it is generally believed that the breed originally came from China. The Pug may be related to the Pekingese, though some believe the breed descended from the Bulldog or Mastiff. Pugs was once companions to Buddhist monks in Tibet, which may explain why they are such loving, upbeat creatures.

Over time, Pugs became popular among European royalty. Napoleon's wife, Josephine had a Pug that carried secret messages to Napoleon in prison. Pugs and Pekingese were brought back to England after the British overran the Chinese Imperial Palace in 1860.

The Pug was first registered with the AKC in 1885 and has continued to gain popularity.

Pug Health Problems

Responsible breeders strive to maintain the highest breed standards as established by kennel clubs like the AKC. Dogs bred by these standards are less likely to inherit health conditions. However, some hereditary health problems can occur in the breed. The following are some conditions to be aware of:

Who Should Get a Pug?

The Pug is a little dog with a big personality, so it is ideal for those who want a compact but active companion dog. The even-tempered demeanor of this breed makes it a good choice for families with children.

As with any breed, if you think the Pug is right for you, be sure to do plenty of research before obtaining one. Talk to other Pug owners, reputable Pug breeders and Pug rescue groups to learn more.

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