12 Common Questions and Answers About Mice in the House

What to Know About Mice in the House

The Spruce / Kaley McKean

Mice in homes can become a real problem—building nests, contaminating food, causing damage, and spreading disease. But to get rid of mice indoors, you need to understand what they do and what they like. Trapping and relocating mice is usually the best method for controlling a mouse problem. Poisoning mice is not humane, and it can put children and pets at risk.

Here are 12 frequently asked questions about getting rid of mice problems in the home.


Watch Now: How to Deal with Mice in Your House

  • 01 of 12

    How Do You Know if You Have Mice?

    Gnawed hole in the wall created by mouse

    The Spruce / Adrienne Legault

    Although the most obvious sign of mice is actually seeing live or dead mice in your house, there are plenty of other signs that can tell you a mouse infestation might be building. These include:

    • Gnawed holes in stored foods, piled papers, insulation, etc.
    • Food scraps or wrappings left behind, especially in out-of-the-way places, such as inside shoes or boots or in the corners of closets and cabinets
    • Droppings or tiny hairs
    • Runways—narrow pathways where dust and dirt have been swept clean, noticeable grease marks, or urine trails that can be seen under a black light
    • Nests or piled nesting materials
    • Skittering or scratching sounds coming from wall, ceiling, or floor cavities
    • Stale, rank, or musty odors
  • 02 of 12

    How Do You Know if It's a Mouse or a Rat?

    Brown mouse near class containers with food closeup

    The Spruce / Adrienne Legault

    There are key differences between mice and rats. Mice are much smaller than rats. Adult mice are about 7 1/2 inches in length, including the tail. The most common rats in the United States are the Norway rat and the roof rat. They can be anywhere from 13 to 18 inches in length, with tail length varying by species.

  • 03 of 12

    What Do Mice Eat?

    Dry pet food stored in glass container

    The Spruce / Adrienne Legault

    Mice most prefer to eat cereal grains and plants, but they will feed on almost anything. They are very commonly drawn to dried (and bagged) stored food, including pet food.

  • 04 of 12

    How Long Do Mice Live?

    Black mouse on gravel floor closeup

    The Spruce / Adrienne Legault

    A house mouse will rarely live more than a year in the wild. But in a protected environment with food and water (such as a house), it can live up to two years and possibly more.

    Continue to 5 of 12 below.
  • 05 of 12

    Do You Keep Finding Shredded Paper and Black Rice-Like Things?

    Black mouse droppings on wooden floor

    The Spruce / Adrienne Legault

    If you encounter shredded paper, you have likely found a mouse nest. A mouse will build its nest from just about any soft material or finely shredded paper. And the little black "rice" is most likely mouse droppings.

  • 06 of 12

    Where Should You Put Mouse Traps?

    Gnawed food scraps from mice on wooden floor

    The Spruce / Leticia Almeida

    Mouse traps should be placed where the mice are. If you have found any signs of mice—shredded paper or cloth, droppings, urine stains, and gnawed items—place the traps in those areas. Traps are available from home and garden stores or even some grocery stores. Many can be reused, while others are intended to hide the trapped mouse from view and be used only once.

  • 07 of 12

    What if Your Traps Aren't Working?

    Light wood mouse trap next to food scraps near baseboard

    The Spruce / Leticia Almeida

    Mice are very curious and will investigate new things. So if mice are not caught within the first days of trap placement, the trap (or mouse bait) is probably in the wrong place and should be moved. Place the trap where any signs of mice are seen or where food or water is available.

  • 08 of 12

    What Is the Best Bait for Mouse Traps?

    Peanut butter placed on mousetrap as bait

    The Spruce / Leticia Almeida

    Contrary to popular belief, cheese is not the best bait to use in traps. Peanut butter can be very attractive to mice, but it needs to be replaced if it gets too dry or hard. Other good options are bacon, nuts, dried food, and sticky candies. The bait should be securely attached to the trap trigger, so the rodent can't simply pluck it off and walk away. Often, a small amount of peanut butter worked into the crevices or cup of a trap is the most effective bait. Mice are attracted to the smell and will have to work to get the food out of the bait, setting off the trap.

    Continue to 9 of 12 below.
  • 09 of 12

    Why Are You Not Seeing the Mice?

    Brown spotted cat looking underneath refrigerator

    The Spruce / Adrienne Legault

    Mice are nocturnal creatures, so they are most active between dusk and dawn. They don't usually like bright lights, but a mouse might sometimes be seen during the day, especially if its nest has been disturbed or it is seeking food. Seeing mice in the day also can indicate a large infestation in a home.

  • 10 of 12

    How Quickly Do Mice Breed?

    Mouse with its offspring

    tenra / Getty Images

    In a single year, one female mouse can breed up to eight litters of five to six young. These 40+ offspring can begin to reproduce themselves in as little as six weeks. So within months, you could have a huge population of mice.

  • 11 of 12

    How Do Mice Get Inside a Home?

    White garage door slightly open on bottom

    The Spruce / Adrienne Legault

    A mouse can slip through holes and gaps as small as 1/4 inch, or roughly the size of a pencil. And if an opening is not big enough to squeeze through, the mouse can gnaw it until it is big enough. Mice also can jump 13 inches high and can run along wires, cables, and ropes. They are excellent jumpers, swimmers, and climbers and can scale rough and vertical surfaces.

  • 12 of 12

    What Can You Do to Get Rid of Mice in Your Home?

    Mouse trap to relocate mouse on floor closeup

    The Spruce / Adrienne Legault

    There are a number of methods of control, including traps, baits, rodenticides, and professional pest control. However, trapping is generally the best and safest method for homeowners to attempt. Traps can be used to kill the mice, or they can contain the animals for relocation.

    In addition to trapping, it's a good idea to exclude mice from the home by sealing openings around pipes, roof vents, and other potential entry points. Keeping a few traps set in likely nesting areas or entry points for mice, such as the garage, can provide early detection of mouse intrusion.

  • What attracts mice to your house?

    When it comes to food, mice love cereal and other grains, pet food, sweets, grease, and bird seed, among other items. On the non-food front, they are attracted to books, paper, cloth, toilet paper, insulation, and dryer lint.

  • How do you keep mice out of the house?

    Mice can be deterred from entering your home by keeping food and paper items in plastic storage containers and fixing any gaps or crevices around doors and windows. Keep your home clean and free of any boxes or clutter, and trim any bushes or trees that are near the house.

  • Are there smells that mice don't like?

    Mice do not like the smell of peppermint, cayenne pepper, and cloves. These odors can help keep mice away from your home.

Article Sources
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  1. Diseases Directly Transmitted by Rodents. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

  2. Can Rodenticides Hurt Children and Pets? National Pesticide Information Center.