Rabbit Breeds

Quick Guide to Rabbit Species

Rabbit on spring meadow
Comelia Doerr/Photographer's Choice RF/Getty Images

Rabbits come in an array of breeds with different colors, sizes, shapes and coat types. The subtle differences between breeds is mostly of interest to those who show their bunnies. The average owner is focused mainly on size and coat type.

Keep in mind that a pet store rabbit is not necessarily purebred, or at the very least may not meet the ideal breed standards. This in no way reflects on their quality as a pet though!

This guide is meant to help potential owners sort through the sometimes confusing array of breeds. Rabbits vary in size from the smaller dwarf breeds (at under 2.5 pounds) to some of the giant breeds (sizes up to 16 pounds). Note that the longer-coated breeds require daily grooming.

For photos of the various breeds, see the American Rabbit Breeders Association's Breed Photo page.

Alaskan
6-8.5 pounds
Black
Thick coat
Originated in Germany

American
9-12 poundss
Blue, white
Medium build, narrow head

American Checkered Giant
11 pounds or greater
White with black or blue markings (along spine, body spots, cheek spots, colored ears, eye circles and butterfly mark on nose)

American Chinchilla
9-12 pounds
Chinchilla
Dense, fine hair that is smooth and glossy (1 1/4 inch long coat)
Relatively round body

American Fuzzy Lop
3.5-4 pounds
Variety of coat colors
Compact muscular body, dense, coarse coat, and of course, ears folded over to slightly below the jaw

American Sable
7-10 pounds
Sepia brown
Medium build with soft, dense fine coat with coarse guard hairs

Angora
Variety of sizes and colors
English angora: 5-7 pounds, long silky hair.
French angora: 7.5-10.5 pounds
Giant Angora: 8.5 pounds and up, soft fine undercoat (wool), straight stiff guard hairs, and a wavy fluff with a guard tip in between
Satin Angora: 6.5-9.5 pounds, very fine wool

Argentes
5-8 pounds
Black, blue, brown, or creamy white

Belgian Hare
6-9.5 pounds (2.7-4.3 kg)
Reddish tan or chestnut with slate blue undercoloring; slender build, fairly stiff coat

Britannia Petite
Under 2.5 pounds
Ruby eyed white, black otter, black, chestnut agouti
Slender, fine boned build with a sleek, silky coat

Californian
8-12 pounds
White, with black nose, ears, feet and tail
Rounded body, medium build, and short smooth coat

Champagne d'Argent
9-12 pounds
Bluish white with black hairs interspersed and slate blue undercolor
Plump body. Black at birth; white hairs start showing at about 2 months

Checkered Giant
Over 11 pounds
White with black or blue markings (along spine, body spots, cheek spots, colored ears, eye circles and butterfly mark on nose)
Long, hare-like body

Chinchilla
5.5-6.5 pounds
Chinchilla
Fine boned

Cinnamon
8.5-11 pounds
Rust or cinnamon color with grey ticking on back and grey on belly. Rust colored spots inside hind legs as well as butterfly mark on nose and eye rings.

Creme d'Argent
8-11 pounds
Creamy white with orange undercoat, and butterfly marking on nose

Dutch
3.5-5.5 lbs
White with black, blue or brown, chocolate, steel or tortoise
The front of the face, body, and the back feet are white; the rest is colored.

Dwarf Hotot
Under 3 pounds
White with black eye rings, rounded body

English Lop
Over 9 pounds
Agouti, broken, self, shaded, ticked or wide band color groups. Very long lop ears.

English Spot
5-8 pounds
White with black, blue, chocolate, gold, grey, lilac or tortoise. Marking include butterfly mark on nose, colored ears, eye rings, spine marking (which is herringboned) and a spot on the cheek and a chain of spots along the body. Long arched body (like a hare).

Flemish Giant (Patagonian)
13 pounds and over
Black, blue, fawn, light grey, sandy, steel grey, white. Long rabbit, heavy build (but shouldn't be fat).

Florida White
4-6 pounds
Pure white. Rounded body.

French Lop
10 pounds and over
Agouti, broken, self, shaded, ticked or wide band groups
Muscular heavy build

Giant Chinchilla
12-16 pounds
Chinchilla coloration.

Heavy build, rounded body

Giant Papillon
13-14 pounds
White with markings - similar to English Spot except patches on sides instead of spots

Harlequin
6.5-9.5 pounds
Black, blue, chocolate, lilac
Striking patterns alternating bands of color and white, with half the face white and the other half colored, and the ear on the white side colored, and vice versa.

Havana
4.5-6.5 pounds
Black, blue, chocolate. Compact, rounded body

Himilayan
2.5-4.5 pounds
Black, blue, chocolate, lilac. Coloration develops on cooler extremities - ears, nose, tail, feet and legs.

Holland Lop
Under 4 pounds
Agouti, broken, pointed white, self, shaded, ticked, or wide band color groups. Muscular build, lop ears.

Hotot
8-11 pounds
White with black eye ring. Well rounded body.

Jersey Wolly
Under 3.5 pounds
Wide variety of colors, long wooly coat

Lilac
5.5-8 pounds lbs
Lilac coloration. Compact body and dense coat.

Mini Lop
4.5-6.5 pounds
Agouti, broken, pointed white, self, shaded, ticked, or wide band color groups. Muscular and compact.

Mini Rex
3-4.5 pounds
Black, blue, broken group, castor, chinchilla, chocolate, himilayan, lilac, lynx, opal, red, seal tortoise, white

Netherland Dwarf
Under 2.5 pounds
Self group, shaded group, agouti group, tan pattern group, fawn, himalayan, orange, steel, tortoiseshell. Ears seem to short for head.

New Zealand
9-12 pounds
Black, red, white. Long muscular body.

Palomino
Under 9.5 pounds
Golden, lynx.

Polish
Under 3.5 pounds
Black, blue, chocolate, blue-eyed white, ruby-eyed white. Also has very short ears.

Rex
7.5-10.5 lbs
Black, black otter, blue, broken group, californian, castor, chinchilla, chocolate, lilac, lynx, opal, red, sable, seal, white

Rhinelander
6.5-10 pounds
White with black and bright golden orange markings (six to eight round markings on each side of the back part of the body, as well as a spine marking, butterfly mark on the nose, eye circles, colored ears, and round cheek spots).

Satin
8.5-11 pounds
Black, blue, broken group, californian, chinchilla, chocolate, copper, red, siamese, white

Silver
4-7 pounds
Black, brown, fawn with silver/white guard hairs

Silver Fox
9-12 pounds
Jet black with silvering

Silver Marten
6-9.5 pounds
Black, blue, chocolate, sable with silver-tipped guard hairs

Standard Chinchilla
5-7.5 pounds
Chinchilla coloration. Rounded body.

Tan
4-6 pounds
Black, blue, chocolate, or lilac with tan (eye circles, nostrils, jowls, ears, backs of legs, toes, chest, belly, tail and neck collar)

While the breed of a rabbit, in most cases, has little impact on its quality as a pet, you may be interested in the adult or full-grown size of the rabbit. Here are breeds recognized by the American Rabbit Breeders Association, grouped by size.

Small - 2 to 6 pounds

  • American Fuzzy Lop
  • Britannia Petite
  • Dutch
  • Dwarf Hotot
  • Florida White
  • Havana
  • Himilayan
  • Holland Lop
  • Jersey Wolly
  • Mini Lop
  • Mini Rex
  • Netherland Dwarf
  • Polish
  • Silver
  • Tan

Medium - 6 to 9 pounds

  • American Sable
  • Belgian Hare
  • English angora
  • English Spot
  • French angora
  • Harlequin
  • Lilac
  • Rex
  • Rhinelander
  • Satin Angora
  • Silver Marten
  • Standard Chinchilla

Large - 9 to 11 pounds

  • American
  • American Chinchilla
  • Beveren
  • Californian
  • Champagne d'Argent
  • Cinnamon
  • Creme d'Argent
  • English Lop
  • Giant Angora
  • Hotot
  • New Zealand
  • Palomino
  • Satin
  • Silver Fox

Giant - 11 pounds and over

  • Checkered Giant
  • Flemish Giant (Patagonian)
  • French Lop
  • Giant Chinchilla