Silk has a luxurious feel and beautiful finish. You may have steered away from silk clothes or pillowcases because you thought the material was too expensive or hard to care for. You might be surprised to find out that you may be able to easily remove stains and restore luster to your silk clothing at home with everyday supplies. Read the garment label to make sure it is washable silk, and never use a harsh stain remover or bleach of any kind on silk.
If the label says to dry clean, this is the manufacturer’s recommended cleaning method. Sometimes, even with this label, you can wash the silk by hand. However, when the label says “dry clean only,” believe it. The garment may have inner structure materials like interfacings that will be ruined by hand-washing. Before washing silk, try two quick tests to determine if you can wash the garment at home.
- First, squeeze the dry silk garment in your hand, and then let it go. If the fabric smooths out quickly, it is high-quality silk and will hold up well to hand-washing. If not, take it to a dry cleaner—or risk ruining the garment.
- The second silk test is one for colorfastness. Dampen the fabric on an inside seam. Wait a few minutes, and then wipe the spot with a white cloth or cotton swab. If the color comes off, the dye will run during washing, so take that garment to the dry cleaner instead.
How Often to Clean Silk Clothes
Wash silk after every few wearings unless it needs freshening and stain removal. Remember that washing your silk clothes at home may put garments at risk of color fading if cleaned too often. Dry cleaning usually doesn't fade the color of silk clothing as fast.
Equipment / Tools
- Sink, large wash bowl, or bucket
- Washing machine (optional)
- Mesh lingerie bag (optional)
- Gentle liquid laundry detergent
- Distilled white vinegar (optional)
|How to Wash Silk Clothes|
|Cycle type||Hand-washing strongly suggested|
|Drying Cycle Type||Air-dry only|
|Special Treatments||Test before washing|
|Iron Settings||Low or silk setting|
How to Hand-Wash Silk Clothes
Pretreat Stains With Delicate Detergent
If you see specific stain spots, apply just a dab of gentle detergent marked "delicate" (like Studio by Tide or Woolite) directly to the stain. Work in the detergent with your fingers, and allow it to work for at least 15 minutes before you hand-wash the entire silk garment.
Hand-Wash Only in Cold Water
When you're ready to hand-wash, mix cold water and a very small amount of gentle liquid laundry detergent in a sink, large wash bowl, or bucket. Use a soft touch when washing, and don't scrub.
If you decide to machine-wash the silk garment, place it in a mesh lingerie bag, and choose the delicate, cold-water cycle.
Use a Vinegar-Water Rinse
Add 1/2 cup distilled white vinegar to the rinse water. It'll help the garment keep (or regain) its luster.
How to Refresh Dull Silk Clothes
If you've mishandled washable silk, it can lose its sheen and become dull thanks to a whiteish film that envelopes the entire garment. You can restore some of its original shine in a few steps.
Soak in a Vinegar Solution
In a sink, large wash bowl, or bucket, add 1/4 cup white distilled vinegar to every 1 gallon lukewarm water. Mix well. Completely submerge the garment, and swish it around to thoroughly soak the fabric. Remove from the vinegar water, and rinse several times in clean water. Do not wring.
Gently Towel-Dry the Item
Spread the garment on a heavy, clean white towel, and roll up to absorb the water. Keep moving and repeating the steps with clean dry towels until much of the water is absorbed.
Hang to air-dry using a plastic shaped or molded hanger—wood can stain silk clothing. Don't hang silk over direct heat or in the sun.
Extremely high temperatures when ironing can scorch silk, wool, and other protein fibers. The scorching or yellowing occurs as the fibers begin to burn. Such fibers cannot be revived.
Most wrinkles in silk can be steamed out, either by a steam iron or by hanging in a steamy bathroom. If you choose to iron the garment, turn your silk garment inside out, and iron while still damp. Use the lowest heat setting on your iron as well as a pressing cloth to prevent any water spots or heat from harming the silk. Never wet the silk when ironing, or water stains may develop.
Storing Silk Clothes
Silk has a reputation for wrinkling and creasing, so proper storage is important. Avoid folding silk or leaving it balled up for too long. Store silk items in a breathable fabric (not plastic) bag to keep the garment dry. Hang or store in a cool, dry, dark closet. Silk fibers tend to attract moths, so use a small amount of natural moth repellent, such as lavender or cedar balls, if you prefer.
Silk clothing may fray or rip at the seams. If you choose to repair such seams yourself, hand-stitch the rip, and then finish with an anti-fraying product found at fabric stores. Apply it to the stitched repair. Or, use a no-sew fabric adhesive product, also found in fabric stores. Remember that most repairs to silk are not invisible due to the delicate nature of the fabric. To fix a snag in silk, use a needle and thread matching the color of the fabric. Fix by pulling the snag back to the other side of the fabric.
Treating Stains on Silk Clothes
Never use a commercial stain remover on silk. Spot treating with stain removers can result in damage to the color and finish. Wash the entire garment, and allow it more time to soak to remove food stains. For dark or heavy stains, take the piece to a dry cleaner. Be sure to tell the dry cleaner what the stain is so it can be appropriately treated.
If you have a fresh stain on silk, quickly handle it by gently blotting it up with a clean damp cloth (don't scrub too hard), and then air-dry. Remove perspiration stains on silk with a solution of equal white vinegar and water. Gently rub it over the stain with a clean cloth, rinse with another clean cloth, and air-dry.
Tips for Washing Silk Clothes
- Never use bleach—oxygen- or chlorine-based—on silk. Silk fibers will dissolve in chlorine bleach, and even diluted solutions of chlorine bleach will cause permanent yellowing, color loss, and a weakening of the silk.
- When washing, never wring or twist silk fabric because the fragile silk fibers can break.
- Don't dry silk clothes in a tumble dryer, even on low heat.
- If you don't have a proper hanger, dry silk clothes flat or well-supported on a drying rack.