Is There a Right and Wrong Way to Rake Leaves?

Proper Gear, Timing, Method, Making Use of By-Product

Maple leaves that have fallen on a lawn.

David Beaulieu

Many children stuck with the chore of raking have wondered if there's really a right way and wrong way to rake leaves (after all, they argue, the wind will eventually sweep them away). When those kids grow up, buy a home, and become responsible for their own lawn care, they ponder the question all over again, albeit in a more sophisticated way. This issue is more complex than you might think, because doing the job efficiently and effectively requires preparing for it properly, executing it in a smart way, and putting the leaves to good use afterward.

The Right vs. Wrong Way to Rake Leaves

There are actually several distinct reasons as to why the exact way in which you do your raking does make a difference:

  • Having the right gear and the right form can help you avoid physical problems associated with raking.
  • Raking leaves off the grass at the right time is critical to doing the job correctly.
  • You can remove lawn thatch at the same time by using the proper method.
  • Knowing some handy tricks can make the task go more smoothly.
  • If you aren't putting the fallen leaves that you rake to good use, you're wasting money.

Proper Preparation

Wear work gloves to prevent blisters, a brace if you have back trouble, and a mask if you have allergies. Have a tarp handy so that you can rake leaves onto it and drag the tarp to transport them. Don't think, "A rake is a rake." A bow rake (a tool that has short, heavy, metal tines) is not a leaf rake: It is meant for tasks such as evening out the soil in a garden bed. There are several things to look for in a leaf rake:

  • Choose a length suited to your height.
  • If you find that using an ergonomic snow shovel helps you avoid injury in winter, you may profit from using an ergonomic rake in fall.
  • Rakes with cushion grips are easier on your hands.
  • A wide head is a great feature if you're looking to set speed records when raking, but sharp tines are more important if you're looking to rake the right way because they allow you to dig in and remove thatch, as well as leaves.​

When to Begin

For efficiency, it's best to wait until almost all of the leaves have fallen before raking. That way, you can get all of your raking out of the way in one day. In the meantime, mow regularly with either a mulching mower or a bag attachment to get rid of most of the leaves that fall the earliest. Just don't wait too long, which can be unhealthy for your grass. But do wait until the leaves are dry and you have a wind-free day.

There's more than leaves, pine needles and cones, fallen branches, and refuse to remove when raking. There's also lawn thatch to be removed. Thatch is the layer of dead turfgrass tissue between the green vegetation and the soil surface that must be removed, or "dethatched," to maintain lawn health. Use raking mechanics that will allow you to kill two birds with one stone to remove both leaves and thatch:

  • Rake deeply and vigorously.
  • Take your time raking, so that you don't miss any spots. 

Raking deeply and vigorously can cause you to have fatigue in your hands, arms, shoulders, and back. Because you're bearing down hard on the rake to drive the tines into the thatch layer and dislodge it, you may be using muscles that you don't use much. Be sure to take breaks and switch how you're holding your hands (so that undue pressure isn't focused on one area). Maintain good posture, with your knees bent and back straight. Let your legs do some of the work: Instead of constantly pulling leaves in with your arms, mix it up a bit sometimes by laying your rake down on some leaves and walking gently backward, dragging the leaves as you walk.

While serious thatch problems cannot be resolved merely by raking, it certainly doesn't hurt to try to stay ahead of thatch by raking deeply, vigorously, and thoroughly when you do rake. The added benefit of thatch removal from raking the right way is a good argument for raking rather than using a leaf blower or vacuum. Yes, the latter is quicker, but it does nothing to alleviate harmful thatch build-up.

What to Do With the Leaves Afterward

Ask yourself these questions:

  • Do you use mulch in the landscape?
  • Do you fertilize your plants organically with compost?
  • Do you buy garden mulch and/or compost from someone else?
  • Do you like saving money?

If you use these products and buy them from someone else, then don't bag up the leaves and put them on the curbside to have your town remove them. Instead, just drag the leaves you have raked up onto the tarp over to your compost bin or mulch container and use them for mulch and/or compost. You can turn the by-product of your fall leaf-raking efforts into homegrown mulch and/or compost, thereby saving money.