10 Root Vegetables You Can Successfully Grow

Tips for How to Successfully Grow Root Vegetables and Herbs

Root Crops Harvest
swalls / Getty Image

Growing root vegetables, such as carrots, beets, and turnips, poses a very unique problem. Root vegetables grow out of sight, so we often do not know if there is a problem until we harvest them.


Your soil needs to be loose enough for root crops to send down roots. If the soil is compacted or rocky, the roots will become distorted and forked.

Here are some tips to get you growing root vegetables for your kitchen.

  • 01 of 10

    Beets (Beta vulgaris)

    Kevin Summers / Getty Images

    Beets are considered a root crop, but the leaves are edible too. Probably the hardest thing about growing beets is thinning the plants. Like its cousin Swiss chard, the seeds form in clusters and if you do not break the clusters apart, the sprouted seeds will be too crowded to develop into bulbs. Beets grow quickly and taste best when harvested small and young. Succession plant as you harvest for a continual harvest. For such an earthy vegetable, they are surprisingly sweet, especially when roasted.

    • USDA Growing Zones: 2 to 11
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun or part shade
    • Soil Needs: Loamy soil
  • 02 of 10

    Carrots (Daucus carota)

    Harvested carrots


    samael334 / Getty Images

    Carrots are a popular vegetable, but the long, thin carrot we most commonly see takes several months to mature—and there are many pests above and below the soil that do not wait for maturity to start eating your carrots. If you have had poor luck growing carrots, you might have more success growing one of the shorter varieties like 'Paris Market' or 'Little Finger.' They mature faster, are just as sweet and crunchy as longer carrots, and you can be eating earlier and succession planting throughout the summer.

    • USDA Growing Zones: Any
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun to partial shade
    • Soil Needs: Loose, well-draining soil
  • 03 of 10

    Horseradish (Armoracia rusticana)

    Horseradish Root
    aloha_17 / Getty Images

    Horseradish is very easy to grow, but a little goes a long way. Unfortunately, it can be hard to grow just a little horseradish. The plants are perennial in most areas, so if you leave some root in the ground, it will re-grow and spread quickly. But do not let that deter you. You can always grow it in a pot. Or take a tip from commercial growers and dig up the whole patch of horseradish, treat it as an annual plant, and start from scratch next season.

    • USDA Growing Zones: 3 to 9
    • Sun Exposure: Full to partial sun
    • Soil Needs: Loose, rich soil
  • 04 of 10

    Onions and Shallots (allium cepa)

    Italian Torpedo Onions
    Marie Iannotti

    Onions are fairly easy to grow. It is planting them that takes a lot of work. You have three options: You can start them from seed, from transplants, or from sets, which are tiny onion bulbs. The sets are the easiest (though most expensive) to plant and the quickest to mature. You can grow shallots as easily as any other onion, but shallots are generally planted in the fall. Each bulb grows offsets to be harvested the following summer.

    • USDA Growing Zones: Adaptable but best in zones 5 and 6
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun
    • Soil Needs: Firm, acidic soil from sandy loam to heavy clay
    Continue to 5 of 10 below.
  • 05 of 10

    Parsnips (Pastinaca sativa)

    How to Grow Parsnips
    Marie Iannotti

    Parsnips grow well in most areas and they will store for months, even getting sweeter with a little chilling. They have been overshadowed by carrots and potatoes, but that is not because of how they taste. Different varieties can be mildly nutty to honey-sweet. Parsnips can be eaten raw, mashed, sauteed, and are especially good when roasted. One caveat is that they take 3 to 4 months to mature. So, get your seeds in early, then sit back and wait for a treat.

    • USDA Growing Zones: Any
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun to partial shade
    • Soil Needs: Slightly acidic loose soil
  • 06 of 10

    Potatoes (Solanum tuberosum)

    Fresh Potatoes...
    johnnyscriv / Getty Images

    Potatoes are a stem tuber, not a root crop, but they are grown and harvested like other root crops. There is an incredible diversity of potatoes and the only way to sample them all is to grow them yourself. They are easily started from pieces of actual potato and grow fairly easily, although there are several pests vying for their attention. Potatoes are easy to grow in containers, and it's easy to harvest them by simply tipping over the container.

    • USDA Growing Zones: Any
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun
    • Soil Needs: Loose, loamy soil
  • 07 of 10

    Radishes (Raphanus sativus)

    French Breakfast Radishes
    Marie Iannotti

    Radishes are quick growing and easy to pop into a salad. You would not think radishes could pose so many growing problems, but they do. Most radish problems happen when you try to grow them in warm weather. Radishes need soil cool enough to keep them from bolting, but warm enough so they mature quickly. There are a wide variety of radishes including long, sliver-thin radishes, colorful, spicy radishes, and winter radishes that make a wonderful roasted side dish.

    • USDA Growing Zones: Any
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun to partial shade
    • Soil Needs: Rich well-draining soil 
  • 08 of 10

    Rutabaga (Brassica napus)

    Joff Lee / Getty Images

    Rutabagas are a versatile vegetable that has a crisp cabbage-like tang when used fresh, and they sweeten up to almost a buttery lusciousness when cooked. They are so good they are used for pie. And they are easy to grow with relatively few pest problems. They do not even require a lot of space. Rutabagas do need a growing season of 90 days or longer, but they keep for months.

    • USDA Growing Zones: Any
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun to partial shade
    • Soil Needs: Slightly acidic fertile, well-draining soil
    Continue to 9 of 10 below.
  • 09 of 10

    Sweet Potatoes (Ipomoea batatas)

    Sweet Potatoes
    Crystal Weddington / EyeEm / Getty Images

    Sweet potatoes are tuberous roots and are usually grown from slips, which are small rooted pieces of the tubers. They are not often grown in cooler climates because they need about a four-month growing season. However, there are varieties that are better suited to northern gardens and it is quite easy to start plants in containers and move them out when the soil has warmed.

    • USDA Growing Zones: 8 to 11
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun to partial shade
    • Soil Needs: Rich, well-drained, slightly acidic soil
  • 10 of 10

    Turnips (Brassica rapa)

    Marie Iannotti

    There is a lot more variety to turnips than you might think. For starters, you can eat both the greens and the root bulb. If you harvest the greens while they are young, they will keep resprouting. And not all turnips are white with purple tops. There are sweet tiny golden turnips and creamy, bright red turnips too. The really nice thing is they are all easy to grow and fast to mature. You could be eating turnips within two months.

    • USDA Growing Zones: Any
    • Sun Exposure: Full to partial
    • Soil Needs: Fertile, slightly acidic, well-draining soil