Furry hair coats help somewhat, but dogs and cats get bitten by mosquitoes, flies and other insects just like we do. Biting insects are not only bothersome; they may transmit deadly diseases such as heartworm and West Nile Virus.
The First Step: Knowing What NOT To Apply
DEET is the most effective mosquito repellents for humans. It should be applied to clothing and exposed skin.
DEET and other human insect repellents should not be applied to dogs or cats.
This chemical is toxic when ingested at high doses, and dogs and cats may lick it off and ingest it, potentially resulting in a toxicity.
With DEET ingestion, clinical signs may include:
- wobbly gait
- loss of appetite
If your pet has ingested DEET, please contact your veterinarian or emergency veterinary clinic for advice.
Related: Case Report - DEET Toxicity in a Cat
Safe Insect Repellents for Dogs
1) One spot-on topical product, K9 Advantix II® by Bayer Animal Health, repels mosquitoes in addition to fleas, ticks, and flies for up to 30 days.
From the Bayer Pet Parents website:
"K9 Advantix® II provides broad-spectrum protection against fleas, ticks and mosquitoes too. It not only kills but also REPELS. Fleas, ticks and mosquitoes don't have to bite or attach to die."
That is great news for dogs in need of an effective parasite and insect repellent. It is important to note that this product contains permethrin, which is very toxic to cats.
The K9 Advantix® Spot-on is only for dogs, and for households containing both dogs and cats, pets must be kept separated until the product application areas on the dog is completely dry. Cats must be prevented from grooming those areas on their canine friends. If your cat ingests this product, please seek veterinary attention immediately.
This product is also toxic to aquatic life. Dogs should not be allowed to swim for 48 hours post application of Advantix®.
2) There are many "natural" and insecticide-based sprays available on the market for dogs, available online (compare prices) or at pet supply retailers. It is best to a) identify what insect(s) you are wanting to repel, and b) check with your veterinarian if the product is appropriate and safe for your pet. Extra caution for the very young, very old and pets in poor health or on other medications.
Safe Insect Repellents for Cats
Cats are another story. They metabolize drugs and chemicals very differently from humans and dogs, and "safe" compounds for us may be quite toxic to cats. Plus, they are good groomers, which leads to possible ingestion as well as absorption through the skin.
While there are some "natural" products available for cats (compare prices), it is always best to check with your veterinarian first. Many natural preparations contain essential oils, and some of these oils are toxic to cats.
What about Avon Skin-So-Soft?
This product is often brought up as a safe non-DEET alternative for people and pets. Research studying Skin-So-Soft versus other repellants suggests that, if anything, SSS traps the insects in the oily film instead of repelling them.
The duration and effectiveness of this product are often debated. I have not found any instances of toxicity for humans or pets but would urge caution for cats, who often groom and ingest products that may be harmful.
What About Essential Oils, Garlic, and Other Natural Ingredients?
Caution is advised, for both dogs and cats. Many of these ingredients are ineffective insect repellents and some are toxic. For example, garlic is toxic to pets.
As noted above, essential oils are common ingredients for 'non-chemical' applications, and many of them are toxic to cats. While not 100% effective, keeping cats indoors will greatly reduce the numbers of insect bites and stings.
Screen Away Insects
Since ears and faces are the most accessible area of dogs and cats for insects, a face bonnet screen may help. At least for dogs.
Stay Out of the Way
Avoiding outdoor activities during times of day when insects are most active helps lower exposure. Mosquitoes are most active early in the morning and evening. Flies are active throughout the day, but face screens or keeping your pet indoors will help.
Please note: this article has been provided for informational purposes only. If your pet is showing any signs of illness, please consult a veterinarian as quickly as possible.
- DEET toxicity from the Extension Toxicology Network.
- DEET (N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide) from the CDC.
- All About DEET from About.com Chemistry.