Heating a home is expensive, but so is heating water. If you've already made a big effort to reduce your home's heating costs and your utility bills are still higher than you'd like them to be, your hot water heater could be the culprit. According to Energy.gov, heating water accounts for around 18 percent of your utility bill. That makes it the second-biggest energy expense in the home (behind heating and cooling), so tweaking your hot water heater set up and usage habits could lead to some pretty substantial savings.
Intrigued? Read on to learn how you can get your water heating costs down.
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Lower the Thermostat
Take a trip out to the garage or down to the basement to see what temperature your hot water heater is currently set at. If the thermostat is set above 120 degrees Fahrenheit, bump it back. You'll save 3 to 5 percent for every 10-degree reduction, and you'll reduce your family's risk of burns.
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Fix Leaky Faucets
Do you have a leaky faucet that you've been putting off fixing? Then consider this: a faucet with a slow leak (that's 60 drips per minute) wastes 3,153 gallons of water per year. If that leak happens to be coming from the hot water tap, you're not only paying for that wasted water but also the energy it took to heat it.
Do you want to see how much your leaky faucet is costing you? The American Water Works Association has a drip calculator you can use to find out.
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Putting off a bathroom update is one thing, but don't put off replacing old plumbing fixtures. If your showerheads and faucets were manufactured before 1992, replace them with low-flow models. Modern showerheads use half as much water as older showerheads.
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Find Ways to Use Less Hot Water
Try to be more mindful of your hot water use. Take shorter showers, wash laundry in cold water, and only run the dishwasher when it's full. Examine your daily routine, and look for opportunities to scale back on your hot water usage.Continue to 5 of 11 below.
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Drain the Sediment From Your Tank
Sediment builds up in a hot water heater over time, and it needs to be drained out. Most manufacturers recommend that you perform this basic maintenance task once every six months, but it's worth doing quarterly. Why? Because that sediment makes your hot water heater work harder, and that translates into a bigger utility bill and a shorter lifespan for your hot water heater. It'll take you 15 minutes tops, so don't put it off.
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Install a Timer on Your Hot Water Heater
It's a waste of money to heat water that you aren't going to use. Install a timer on your hot water heater, so you can program it to turn off when you're at work and while you're sleeping. If you live in an area that charges higher electric rates during peak hours, you can even use it to turn your water heater off during those hours. Pretty smart.
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Insulate Your Pipes
Insulate the first 3 feet of water pipe that comes out of your hot water heater, so your water loses less heat on its way to you. This is a cheap and easy project, but you need to take care to do it right. If you have a gas hot water heater, be sure to keep insulation at least 6 inches from the flue.
Energy.gov has instructions on how to insulate water pipes.
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Insulate Your Water Heater
New water heaters are well insulated, so they don't lose heat, but if you have an older hot water heater, it may not be as well insulated. Look up the R-value of your water tank in the owner's manual, and if it's less than R-24, install an insulation blanket.
Not sure where your owner's manual is? Put your hands on the outside of the tank, and if it feels warm, you don't have enough insulation.
When installing an insulation blanket, it's important to know how to insulate a water heater tank the right way and don't cover certain parts of the hot water heater.Continue to 9 of 11 below.
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Install Heat Traps on Your Water Tank
Heat can also escape your hot water heater through the cold water inlet pipe and hot water outlet pipe. Consider installing heat traps if your hot water tank didn't come with them (it's standard equipment in most new water heaters). They're inexpensive valves (or loops) designed to prevent hot water from escaping up the pipes when your tank isn't in use. Energy.gov says adding heat traps saves $15 to $30 a year, so they'll pay for themselves in a matter of months.
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Invest in a Recirculating System or Point-of-Use Hot Water Heater
If you have to run the faucet for a long time before the hot water reaches you, consider adding a recirculation system or point-of-use hot water heater. They'll speed up hot water delivery time, so you waste less water (and spend less heating it).
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Buy a More Efficient Water Heater
Tank hot water heaters last 15 years on average. If yours is coming to the end of its life, consider replacing it with a more efficient model. Tankless hot water heaters and solar hot water heaters cost considerably less to run. In addition to the cost savings, you'll love that tankless hot water heaters have an endless supply of hot water.