Is your asphalt driveway cracked, faded, stained, or otherwise not showing off the true beauty of your home? A cracked driveway is unsafe, and cracks will only widen over time. Besides that, faded, stained driveways are unsightly and bring down your home's value.
With materials and tools purchased at your local home center, you can repair those cracks and seal the entire driveway for a fresh, like-new appearance again.
Driveway and Crack Sealing Basics
This is not the substantial hot-tar asphalt installed by a professional company. That is a far more involved and costly process in which several layers of heated tar are laid down and then pressed smooth with a roller. Nor is it the tar-and-chip method, in which hot asphalt is poured on the driveway followed by a coat of angular stones spread out and rolled to form the top.
Instead, this is a minor do-it-yourself asphalt driveway crack patching and surface sealing project. This is a cold method in which unheated, ambient-temperature substances are used to fill cracks and holes. After patching, an overall sealant, also unheated, covers the entire driveway.
Before You Begin
After completion, your driveway will look new and smooth, especially from a distance. Up close and at certain angles, the crack and hole patches will be visible below the sealant. The sealant itself will have a slightly shiny appearance.
Anyone who can lift 50 pounds and is in reasonably good shape can finish this project in one weekend. A 5-gallon bucket of driveway sealer will cover about 350 square feet. Avoid applying sealer in extremely hot or cold seasons; instead, aim for moderate temperatures between 65 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit.
Equipment / Tools
- Pressure washer
- Wire brushes
- Stiff broom
- Old screwdriver
- Asphalt cleaner, such as Latex-ite Driveway Cleaner/Degreaser Powerwash
- Oil cleaner, such as Latex-ite Oil Spot Primer
- Asphalt crack filler, such as Flexmaster Crack Sealer
- Cold asphalt patch, such as Road Rescue Asphalt Patch
- Driveway sealant, such as Rust-oleum Epoxy Blacktop Coating
Remove Any Debris
By hand or with a string trimmer, remove weeds sprouting through the cracks. Use a screwdriver or trowel to remove rocks, dirt, and other obstructions. Bring down the level of any dirt or gravel in the cracks so that they do not protrude over the surface.
Clean the Surface
If you have stubborn stains, clean oil off of the driveway with the oil cleaner.
Apply the asphalt cleaner, then thoroughly pressure-wash the surface. Wait until the driveway is completely dry. As with other projects where a coating is applied, a good cleaning assures that the asphalt sealant will adhere better.
Fill in the Large Holes
If you have large holes that need filling, use the cold asphalt patch. This dense material pours straight from the bag and requires no heating. Curing times vary, so consult the bag for instructions.
Seal the Cracks
Apply the asphalt crack sealer to the cracks. Elastomeric sealers have a rubberized texture and will expand and contract with the driveway.
Apply the First Coat of Sealant
Seal the driveway by using the squeegee to spread the the asphalt sealer in a series of passes parallel to the house. Let the sealant dry according to product instructions.
Apply the Second Coat of Sealant
After the first coat has cured, seal the driveway again by using the squeegee to spread asphalt sealer in a series of passes perpendicular to the house. Let this second coat dry according to product instructions.
Generally, you will need to wait up to 48 hours before driving a vehicle on the sealed driveway.
Tips for Sealing a Driveway
- Asphalt driveway sealing will not cure ripples and bumps. Driveway sealing means putting down a thin layer of liquid sealant that conforms to ripples and bumps and is different from true asphalt paving.
- When pressure-washing, make sure that all water is moved off and away from the surface. Otherwise, the debris will remain on the driveway.
- You may choose to purchase hot-applied crack filler such as Latex-ite Pli-Stix (requiring the use of a butane torch). Hot-applied crack filler tends to have a longer lifespan than cold-applied product but can be more difficult to apply correctly.
- The trick to achieving a smooth finish free of brush strokes is to use the checkerboard technique described above, being careful not to vary from this. Even though the term "checkerboard" describes the process, the resulting finish will not have a checkerboard pattern if done correctly.