One of the essential things you must learn before ironing clothes is the correct temperature setting for the type of fabric. Selecting the correct temperature on an iron can make the difference between ease and disaster. The right temperature selection will make ironing easier, quicker and give more professional results. The wrong temperature can mean more work or, at worst, a burn hole that can not be repaired.
During college, I watched a friend do the final pressing on a beautiful gown she had made only to burn a huge hole right on the front of the gown. She had the iron setting too high. Total. Disaster.
Fortunately, one of the features on most irons is a sliding scale that indicates the correct temperature setting for different types of fabric. As a reference, This chart uses a scale of 1 to 7 - 1 being cool, 7 being very hot.
While all irons differ in temperature by manufacturer, follow the recommendations on this chart as a basic guideline of proper temperatures for ironing different types of fabric along with some helpful tips:
Ironing Temperature Guidelines for Fabrics
|Fabric||Iron Setting||Ironing Tips|
|Acetate||1||Press on the wrong side of the fabric while still damp.|
|Beaded||1||Place on a plush white towel, press on the wrong side of the fabric using a pressing cloth.|
|Cashmere||-||Do not press, steam only. For set-in wrinkles, press on the wrong side using a pressing cloth.|
|Corduroy||7||Place on a plush white towel, press on the wrong side of the fabric then use steam on the front side of the fabric to refresh any crushed pile.|
|Cotton, heavyweight||7||Press the fabric while still slightly damp.|
|Damask||5||Use a pressing cloth between the fabric and the iron.|
|Lace||3||Use a pressing cloth between the fabric and the iron.|
|Linen||5||Iron on the wrong side of the fabric while still damp for the best linen finish.|
|Nylon||1||Use a pressing cloth for extra protection because nylon burns easily.|
|Ramie||3||Iron on the wrong side of the fabric while still damp.|
|Rayon||3||Iron on the wrong side of the fabric to prevent leaving a shine on rayon fabric.|
|Satin||3||Press on the wrong side of the fabric with a pressing cloth between the iron and the fabric. Use no steam.|
|Sequined fabric||-||Do not iron, use light steam on the wrong side of the fabric.|
|Silk||3||Press on the wrong side of the fabric. Use no steam.|
|Velvet||3||It is preferable to never iron, only steam velvet to remove wrinkles. If the wrinkles are severe, place on a plush white towel, press on the wrong side of the fabric with a very light touch. After ironing, use steam on the front side of the fabric to refresh crushed pile.|
|Woven wool||3||Use a damp pressing cloth between iron and fabric. Iron on the wrong side of the fabric to prevent snags and shiny marks.|
Ironing Temperatures in Celsius and Fahrenheit
If your iron uses a different scale or you want to know more exacting temperatures for ironing different types of fabric, follow these guidelines:
- Linen: 230 °C (445 °F)
- Triacetate: 200 °C (390 °F)
- Cotton: 204 °C (400 °F)
- Viscose/Rayon: 190 °C (375 °F)
- Wool: 148 °C (300 °F)
- Polyester: 148 °C (300 °F)
- Silk: 148 °C (300 °F)
- Acetate: 143 °C (290 °F)
- Acrylic: 135 °C (275 °F)
- Lycra/Spandex: 135 °C (275 °F)
- Nylon: 135 °C (275 °F)
How to Manage the Temperature of Your Iron
Unless you are only ironing a single garment, separate your clothing by type of fabric before you begin ironing. Start by ironing the items that require the lowest temperature - acetate, nylon - then move to silks, polyester, and other synthetic fabrics. Finally, iron cotton and linen fabrics.
If you must switch back to a lower iron temperature, give your iron at least five minutes to cool down before using. You'll be glad you did!
When in doubt about what temperature to use, start low and iron on the wrong side of the fabric with a pressing cloth. You can always move the temperature up gradually to prevent scorching. Scorch marks can be difficult to remove but not always impossible if caught early and when they are light.