Senior Dementia in Dogs

Common Signs of Canine Senility

Have you noticed odd behaviors in your senior dog that you can't explain? Do dogs get Alzheimer's? Here is a list of the most common signs seen with senior dementia in dogs.

Related: Senior Dementia in Cats

As with all behavior changes, please see your veterinarian first to rule out a medical problem first, as many diseases can have the same signs.

  • 01 of 09

    Getting "Lost" in Corners or on the Wrong Side of a Door

    Old Dog
    Getty/E+/Claudio Arnese

    This is a common complaint with Cognitive Dysfunction Syndrome in dogs. Some dogs may stand head-first in a corner or at the hinge side of a door, waiting for it to open or standing helplessly; unable to figure out the next step.

  • 02 of 09

    Pacing or Anxiousness

    Old Dog With Shaggy White Coat And Sad Expression
    Rod Irvine / Getty Images

    The loss of "purposeful activity" -- pacing and wandering around the house, often anxious, with no other symptoms (i.e. overactive bowel or bladder).

  • 03 of 09

    Loss of Housetraining

    Young boy cleaning up after his dog
    Sadeugra / Getty Images

    Canine seniors with dementia may forget about going outside to do their business as they always used to. A medical problem - urinary tract infection, gastrointestinal problems - must always be ruled out first before assuming it is a behavioral (dementia) problem.

    Your dog may not be aware that they are 'leaking,' or may purposely seek out places to void in the house, unaware that this is not normal behavior.

  • 04 of 09

    Doesn't Greet Family Members as Before

    Old dog resting
    Elizabeth Fernandez / Getty Images

    A dog with cognitive dysfunction often will not seek out human companionship, sometimes walking away while being petted. Also noted: no longer greets family members upon arrival.

    Continue to 5 of 9 below.
  • 05 of 09

    Barking for No Reason

    A dog barking
    Jake Jung / Getty Images

    This may be because they no longer recognize family members or because they are "lost" in the yard or behind a door. There is an element of general confusion too, which could cause barking, especially at night.

  • 06 of 09

    Loss of Appetite

    Poodle mix in field
    MATTHEW PALMER / Getty Images

    Senior dogs may "forget" to eat and lose interest in food. Geriatric animals have little reserves -- please see your vet if your pet is not eating or has a decreased appetite.

  • 07 of 09

    Sleep Irregularities

    Sleeping dog
    "Let Sleeping Dog(s) Lie" (CC BY 2.0) by Chris_Samuel

    A dog with cognitive dysfunction may sleep more than normal ​or have night and day reversed; sleeping in the day and awake (and confused) at night.

  • 08 of 09

    Doesn't Respond to Voice Commands as Before

    An old dog
    >"BIG OLD DOG" (CC BY-ND 2.0) by milesmilob

    The first thing to rule out here is hearing loss, which is quite common in senior dogs. In the case of cognitive dysfunction, the dog cannot process the command and act on it as before. The dog may even be confused about his or her name when called.

    Continue to 9 of 9 below.
  • 09 of 09

    If You Notice Some of These Signs with Your Pet

    10 year old Mastiff
    By Rlink at English Wikipedia [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

    Keep a log of what behaviors you have noticed, the timeframe or how often you notice these behaviors, and make an appointment with your veterinarian to discuss. As noted above, the first step for any behavior problem is to rule out any medical causes first.

    For example, if your dog is urinating in the house and never did this before, your vet wil want to rule out urinary problems before addressing senior dementia changes.

    For dogs suspected of having senior dementia, your veterinarian may...MORE prescribe medications, such as Anipryl, that may be helpful with common signs of dementia. Some dogs are helped with DAP to reduce senior dementia-anxiety.

    Please note: This article has been provided for informational purposes only. If your pet is showing any signs of illness, please consult a veterinarian as quickly as possible.