01 of 09
Chess boards of one sort or another have been used throughout history and around the world. The modern chess board, however, is always the standard 8X8 board with alternating dark and light squares.
Look at the square in the lower right-hand corner for each player. This should be a light-colored square. An easy way to remember this rule is the phrase "white on right."Continue to 2 of 9 below.
02 of 09
The Chess Pieces
Many different types of chess pieces have been used throughout history and different parts of the world. Some variations include Chaturanga, played in ancient India, and Shogi, played in Japan. Chess pieces have represented a wide range of characters, from wise advisors to animals to warriors.
The European style of chess, which is most common today, includes pieces which reflect Medieval culture. According to the Smithsonian:
Originally conceived of as a field of battle, the symbolic meaning of... the game changed as it gained popularity in Europe, and the pieces became stand-ins for a royal court instead of an army. Thus, the original chessmen, known as counselor, infantry, cavalry, elephants, and chariots, became the queen, pawn, knight, bishop, and rook, respectively. By the 19th century, chess clubs and competitions began to appear all around the world, it became necessary to use a standardized set that would enable players from different cultures to compete without getting confused.
If you are setting up a contemporary chess board, you will need to have:
- 1 queen
- 1 king
- 2 knights
- 2 bishops
- 2 rooks
- 8 pawns
While every chess set includes all of these pieces, each set is unique. Before setting up your pieces, spend a few minutes identifying the pieces in your particular set.Continue to 3 of 9 below.
03 of 09
Placing the Rooks
Put the rooks—which in most sets, look like small towers—in the four corner squares of the board. If your board has coordinates like the ones in the diagram above, place the white rooks on the first rank and the black rooks on the eighth rank. Ranks are rows that go from side to side across the chessboard.Continue to 4 of 9 below.
04 of 09
Placing the Knights
Place the knights—which usually look like a horse's head—next to the rooks of the same color.Continue to 5 of 9 below.
05 of 09
Placing the Bishops
The bishops are placed next to the knights of the same color.Continue to 6 of 9 below.
06 of 09
Placing the Queens
The queen is usually the second-tallest piece in a chess set. Place the queen in the center square of its color. Thus, the white queen is placed on the lighter center square, while the black queen is placed on the darker center square. A good way of remembering this is "queen on color." If your board has coordinates, the queens should both be on the d-file.Continue to 7 of 9 below.
07 of 09
Placing the Kings
The king is usually the tallest piece in a chess set and typically has a cross on its head. Each king should be placed next to the queen of the same color. If your board has coordinates, the kings would be on the e-file.Continue to 8 of 9 below.
08 of 09
Placing the Pawns
The pawns are the shortest and most numerous pieces in a chess set. You should have eight pawns of each color. Place the pawns in each square in the row in front of the other pieces of the same color. If your board has coordinates, the white pawns should be on the second rank, and the black pawns should be on the seventh rank.
Compare your board to the diagram above. If they are identical, you have successfully set up your chess board.Continue to 9 of 9 below.
09 of 09
Ready for Play
Once your pieces are set up, you're ready to start the game. Typically the player with the white pieces starts the game. This is just a convention and not a strategy for winning the game, as the rules of chess have been tweaked over the years to be sure neither player has a built-in advantage.
In addition to your board and chess pieces, you may wish to have a timer. Some chess sets include a small hourglass or timing clock; alternatively, you can use your own watch. Timers are important if... you are playing competitive chess (or if you want to keep the game moving forward at a reasonable speed).