The sheaf stitch is a surface embroidery stitch that can be worked singly as a design element, in rows, or in a random or evenly-spaced pattern as a filling stitch. It can be worked freestyle or counted using an evenweave fabric.
The stitch is composed of three vertical stitches tied together with a horizontal stitch. It gets its name from the bundled threads resembling a sheaf of wheat.
Working Sheaf Stitch
To work the sheaf stitch, make three vertical straight stitches.
As you complete the third stitch, bring the needle up to the center left side of the group of stitches (point 1).
Next, slide the needle under the vertical stitches, going from right to left. As you do this, the working thread wraps the three stitches, pulling them into a bundle.
End the stitch by inserting the needle to the center right of the bundle (point 2).
You'll see that the horizontal stitch that bundles the threads is doubled, but it is just a single wrap. This is because the thread crosses twice on the front of the vertical stitches and once across the back.
Tips for Working Sheaf Stitch
As you slide the needle under the vertical stitches to wrap them, take care not to catch the stitches. A blunt needle can help if you have trouble.
This stitch usually has the look of a band around the middle, like a bundle of wheat, so try to keep the horizontal stitch centered and in from the edges just a bit.
For a tighter bundle, come up closer to the center and tie the stitches a little tighter.
It's always a good idea to keep your stitches at a size that prevents them from being easily snagged or becoming loose. The wrapping on sheaf stitch helps with this, which means you can make this stitch at a decent size.
Ideas for Using Sheaf Stitch
Add variety to your sheaf stitches by working them in one color for the vertical stitches and another for the wrapping.
For another variation, try making the center stitch a little taller than the others, or working the horizontal wrapping higher or lower.
As a fill stitch, this can be rotated and scattered similarly to the fill on this silhouette stitching. Or, work the little sheaves close together in rows to make a more solid section of embroidery.
In addition to looking like a sheaf of wheat, this stitch would make cute little bows or bow ties, butterflies or mini yarn skeins. Use your imagination as you find new ways to apply this easy stitch!