What is the Sheldon Scale of Coin Grading?
Answer: The Sheldon Scale is a 70-point scale for grading coins, developed by Dr. William Sheldon in 1949. A slightly modified form of the Sheldon Scale has become the de facto standard for grading U.S. coins today, and is used by the major third party grading services when assigning a grade to a coin. The adjectival grading system was the predecessor to today's 70-point grading scale, and the adjectival terms are still used to help clarify the numeric equivalent.
The following are the standard Sheldon numbers and descriptions:
Poor-1 or P-1 (Poor)
The type of coin is barely discernible, but little else, due to the coin being badly damaged or worn smooth.
Fair-2 or FR-2 (Fair)
Type and date are barely discernible, but otherwise the coin is damaged or extremely worn.
AG-3 (About Good)
Type and date are discernible, although some spots may be worn out. Some lettering should be apparent, if not necessarily readable.
Major devices and features are evident as outlines. although the coin overall is heavily worn.
Coin has a full rim plus major devices and features are clearly outlined. Heavy wear.
VG-8 (Very Good)
Full rim with clearly discernible devices and features. Most legends are readable clearly, but the whole coin is still significantly worn.
Distinct rim, all legends readable, clear devices showing some detail, but the whole coin is moderately, but evenly worn.
VF-20 (Very Fine)
Clearly readable but lightly worn legends, devices show good detail, rims are clean, but the whole coin shows moderate wear on the high points and a little wear below.
VF-30 (Good Very Fine)
Legends are clear, devices show all detail with little wear; high points are lightly worn.
EF-40 or XF-40 (Extremely Fine)
Legends are sharp, devices are clear with slight but obvious wear on the high points.
EF-45 or XF-45 (Choice Extremely Fine)
Legends and devices are clear and sharp, with slight wear on the high points, and great eye appeal.
AU-50 (About Uncirculated)
Sharp legends and devices show only a trace of wear on the highest points. There must be some remaining mint luster.
AU-55 (Good About Uncirculated)
Sharp legends and devices show only a hint of wear on the high points. Remaining mint luster must be at least half; great eye appeal.
AU-58 (Choice About Uncirculated)
Virtually uncirculated, except for minor wear marks on high points. Nearly all mint luster must be present, and must have outstanding eye appeal.
MS-60 to MS-70 (Mint State Basal)
The grades from MS-60 to MS-70, as well as the Proof designations, are all based primarily on eye appeal, quality of luster and/or toning, and the presence or absence of contact marks, hairlines, etc.
Edited by: James Bucki