How to Control Slugs in the Garden

How to Control Slugs in the Garden

The Spruce / Joules Garcia

Project Overview
  • Working Time: 30 mins - 1 hr
  • Total Time: 1 - 2 days
  • Skill Level: Beginner
  • Estimated Cost: $15

Slugs can be a gardener's nightmare. They hide under leaves in the moist pockets of your garden and will eat almost anything they come into contact with. Garden slugs are especially damaging to vegetable and berry crops because they eat both the leaves and the fruit. Plus, damage can happen before you even know there's an infestation, though chewed leaves and slimy trails are telltale signs. To rid a garden of these pesky critters, some gardeners turn to homemade solutions while others use commercial treatments for more serious infestations.

When to Control Garden Slugs

Slugs in the garden can be treated at any time during the growing season. However, sometimes it's hard to know they are even there. They camouflage against the brown soil and hide out in damp, dark places during the day.

Look for holes and ragged, irregular edges on your plants' leaves. Also, check for bites taken out of fruit. Suspect slugs if you see a slimy secretion on plants and the surrounding soil or if you spot little white eggs in the ground. As soon as you've identified slugs in your garden, start treatment.

What You'll Need

Equipment / Tools

  • Gardening gloves
  • Spray bottle
  • Granular garden spreader
  • Dust mask

Materials

  • Salt
  • Water
  • Bottle of beer
  • Diatomaceous earth
  • Organic commercial slug bait

Instructions

Materials and tools to control slugs in the garden

The Spruce / Heidi Kolsky

Controlling Slugs Using Salt

Home gardeners try all sorts of unusual remedies to rid their gardens of slugs. But this salt method often works the best.

  1. Mix the Solution

    Mix a strong solution of salt and water in a spray bottle. You don't have to be precise about measuring the salt, as long as it's still discernible in the water.

    Salt pellets poured into spray bottle with water

    The Spruce / Almar Creative

  2. Spray the Solution

    Put on your gardening gloves and spray the slugs at nightfall. The salt solution will dehydrate the slugs within hours.

    Spray bottle spreading salt water solution on leaves with slugs

    The Spruce / Almar Creative

  3. Wash Away the Residual Salt Spray

    Come morning, wash any residual salt spray from your plants to prevent damage.

    Garden hose spraying water over garden plants to rise salt solution

    The Spruce / Almar Creative

Controlling Slugs Using Beer

Some gardeners also use a bottle (or more) of beer to attract slugs. This functions as a homemade trap and takes a few days to work.

  1. Open the Beer

    Open the beer, and drink or pour out most of the contents. Leave just enough so you can lay the bottles on their side and beer won't spill out.

    Beer contents poured into garden soil

    The Spruce / Almar Creative

  2. Place Bottles Around the Garden

    Place the bottles in various locations around your garden during the day. Lay each bottle on its side, and press it into the ground so the opening lies flush with ground level.

    At nightfall, slugs should start entering the bottles because they're attracted to the beer. Once inside, they will drown.

    Beer bottle laid on its side in garden bed

    The Spruce / Almar Creative

  3. Leave the Bottles

    Leave the bottles in place for several nights. When they are full of slugs, remove them from the garden, empty them, and discard them in the recycling. Replace with new bottles if further treatment is necessary.

    Brown beer bottle held on side with slugs inside

    The Spruce / Almar Creative

Controlling Slugs Using Diatomaceous Earth

Some gardeners swear by diatomaceous earth for pest control. Diatomaceous earth is made of the fossilized remains (silica) of small aquatic organisms called diatoms. Critters ingest the silica, causing them to dry up from the inside. Yet it is nontoxic to humans and pets.

  1. Pick a Dry Day

    Check the weather, and wait for a dry day to treat your garden. Make sure there's no rain in the forecast for at least 24 hours.

    Smartphone showing sunny weather information

    The Spruce / Almar Creative

  2. Sprinkle Diatomaceous Earth

    Put on your gardening gloves and a dust mask, and sprinkle the diatomaceous earth in various spots throughout your garden. Take care not to sprinkle it on the leaves of the plants.

    White diatomaceous earth powder sprinkled on garden soil

    The Spruce / Almar Creative

  3. Wait

    Wait several days for the slugs to ingest the diatomaceous earth. Repeat the process on another dry day if necessary.

    Brown slug with shell near white diatomaceous earth powder on garden soil

    The Spruce / Almar Creative

Controlling Slugs Using Organic Slug Bait

Commercial slug control products should be used only for major infestations. Some traditional formulas can be extremely toxic to pets (and humans). Organic products are typically safer to use.

  1. Purchase Slug Bait

    Purchase organic slug bait at your local garden center. Many products are made of iron phosphate, which is toxic to slugs but much less dangerous for humans and pets.

    Check the weather. Make sure to treat on a dry day for best results.

    Container of organic slug bait held with garden gloves

    The Spruce / Almar Creative

  2. Fill Garden Spreader With Granules and Start Treating

    Around dusk, put on your gardening gloves, and fill your garden spreader with the granules. Follow the product's instructions to determine the right amount for the area you're treating.

    Organic slug bait pellets poured into red garden spreader

    The Spruce / Almar Creative

  3. Wait

    Wait for the slugs to feed on the product at night when they go underground. They will die upon consumption.

    White slug bait pellets sprinkled across garden bed soil

    The Spruce / Almar Creative

Tips for Controlling Garden Slugs

In addition to the above methods, you can use birds and other animals to naturally control slugs. Backyard chicken farmers can let their birds roam free to eat slugs and other pests that accumulate in the garden. You can even train your chickens to eat slugs by tossing some inside their run.

Chipmunks also feed on slugs. So if you have them around, leave them alone as long as they're not disturbing your garden vegetables.

Finally, copper wire, mesh, ribbon, or tubing is also effective on slugs, as it delivers an electric charge to the creatures. Place it around planters and pots or in perennial beds to control slugs in areas that are rarely disturbed by digging or harvesting during the growing season.

Watch Now: 7 Tips for Every Gardener

Article Sources
The Spruce uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
  1. Slugs in Home Gardens. UMN Extension.