Many homes have baseboards with gaps either at the top or bottom. Baseboard gaps are not just unattractive; they can affect your home's capacity for heating or cooling since they can allow drafts to enter your home.
One popular solution is to caulk the baseboards. While caulking the baseboards can help in some instances, it is not a panacea for all gapped baseboards. With the latter, there are several alternatives to caulking, including shoe molding and baseboard replacement.
Why Caulk Your Baseboards?
Applying caulk to baseboards is usually a retroactive measure designed to fill in gaps that occur at the top, against the wall, or at the bottom, adjacent to the flooring. Caulking baseboards is easy, fast, and inexpensive.
A continuous bead of caulk is applied to the upper ridge of the baseboard, where the baseboard meets the wall. This caulk is usually applied because the baseboard does not hug the wall close enough.
Top gaps are more about aesthetics than function since drafts tend to flow from the baseboard-to-flooring junction. Even in newer walls, you may find gentle curves that form gaps along the tops of the baseboards.
A bead of caulk is applied to the area where the baseboard meets the floor. Over time, as joists sag and foundations recede, gaps develop under the baseboard. In some cases, these gaps are wide enough that they allow air infiltration and can seriously impact your energy consumption. In other cases, these gaps are unattractive or they trap debris.
Equipment / Tools
- Caulking gun
- Putty knife
- Shop vacuum
- Latex or substitute gloves
- Painter's tape
- Clean, dry rags
- Paintable caulk
- Paint matching your walls or your baseboards
- Plastic, disposable bowl with tap water
Smooth the Area
Successful, longer-lasting caulked baseboards depend on clean, well-prepared surfaces. If caulking the tops of the baseboards, use the putty knife to scrape away dried paint or drywall compound. If caulking the bottoms, use the putty knife the scrape underneath the baseboards.
Clean the Area
Tape the Flooring
If applying to caulk to the bottoms of the baseboards, run painter's tape along the flooring parallel to the baseboards, about 1/8-inch away. This will protect the flooring from the excess caulk that will inevitably squeeze out after application.
Run the Caulking
After piercing the caulk tube nozzle, run a long, steady bead of caulking along the gap. To smooth the caulk, dip your finger in the water bowl and run your finger along the caulking bead.
Smooth the Caulk and Clean up
Make sure that caulking applied to the tops of the baseboards is smooth, not ridged or bumpy, by smoothing it down again with your finger.
Monitor the Caulk
Caulk often has the tendency of drying with pinhole-sized gaps. After the caulk has dried, examine it carefully and spot-fix any gaps in the caulk application. After the bottom caulking has cured, remove the tape.
Paint to Match
You can either paint your baseboards a color other than the walls (usually white) or the same color as the walls.
Easy to do
Few skills required
Easy to paint
May develop gaps again
Difficult to remove
Needs frequent maintenance
Bottom caulk bead is difficult to paint
Alternatives to Caulking Baseboards
Houses are continually moving, shifting, expanding, and contracting. Thermal build-up and loss is one reason for this characteristic. Since houses are not solid and static, they have several elements that adapt to movement. The best example is chimney counter-flashing, which allows the vertically moving roof to slide against a stationary chimney, all while keeping the house's interior dry.
So when you connect the wall to the baseboard and the baseboard to the floor, something eventually has to give. Caulk does have some flexibility, but it has its limits. Even if the caulk is expertly applied and well-painted, cracks will form because the baseboard slightly pulls away from the wall.
By caulking baseboards, you set yourself up for a continual cycle of maintaining caulked baseboards: cleaning the area, scraping, re-caulking, and re-painting. This re-caulking cycle will continue for as long as you are in that house. Because of this, it is often best to explore longer-lasting alternatives to caulking baseboards:
Install Quarter-Round or Shoe Molding
Instead of caulking the bottoms (the floor-to-baseboard junction), nail thin strips of quarter-round or shoe molding. This trim is flexible enough to conform to gaps, even those intermittent sags between joists. This trim comes in wood which can reasonably match the looks of a wood floor when stained. It also comes in medium-density fiberboard (MDF) polystyrene that can be painted.
Watch Now: How to Install Shoe Molding or Quarter-Round Molding
Use Flexible Baseboards
Thin baseboards can hug the wall tighter, eliminating gaps. If you happen to have thick 9/16-inch (just over a half-inch) baseboards made of wood, look for 7/16-inch baseboards made of polystyrene that hug the wall. You can even use shorter baseboards (such as 2 3/4-inch high) that also conform slightly in a vertical direction to follow waves in the flooring.
Tighten or Re-Install the Baseboards
Sections of baseboard pulling away from the wall can be re-nailed as long as there is a stud behind the drywall. Even tall, thick baseboards can be made to conform to the wall better when nailed down correctly a second time.
When to Call a Professional
If you choose to go the route of caulking the baseboards, this is wholly a do-it-yourself job, easily and quickly accomplished. If you choose to replace your baseboards or add shoe molding, you may wish to contact a professional for this work if you are unsure of your carpentry skills.