State Flowers Photo Gallery

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    Alabama State Flower, the Camellia Japonica

    The state flower of Alabama is the camellia
    Alabama State Flower, the Camellia Japonica. Image by Nemo's great uncle via Flickr Creative Commons

    Each of the 50 states in the United States of America and the District of Columbia has a designated official state flower. U.S. territories Guam, the North Marinas, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands also have chosen official flowers.

    The first Alabama state flower, the goldenrod, was made official in 1927. In 1959, it was changed to be the camellia. It was reaffirmed 40 years later in 1999 as the official state flower of Alabama.

    Latin Name: Camellia japonica
    Year Adopted: 1959/1999
    Preferred...MORE Hardiness Zones: Zones 7-9

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Fruit: Blackberry (Rubus occidentalis)
    • State Nut: Pecan (Carya illinoinensis)
    • State Tree: Longleaf pine (Pinus palustris)
    • State Tree Fruit: Peach (Prunus persica)
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    Alaska State Flower, Alpine Forget-me-not

    The state flower of Alaska is the forget-me-not.
    Alaska State Flower, Forget-Me-Nots. Image by dean.franklin via Flickr Creative Commons

    In 1917 Alaska named the Alpine forget-me-not as its state flower. The forget-me-not is a top choice for cut flowers, partially because it is one of the few plant families that display true blue colors.

    Latin Name: Myosotis alpestris 
    Year Adopted: 1917
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 3-8

    Related State Symbols

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    Arizona State Flower, Saguaro Cactus Bloom

    The state flower of Arizona is the saguaro cactus bloom
    Arizona State Flower, Saguaro Cactus Bloom. Image by SearchNetMedia via Flickr Creative Commons

    The official state flower of Arizona is the Saguaro Cactus Bloom. This particular cactus is indigenous to Arizona and can grow to gigantic proportions, sometimes reaching a height of 40 to 50 feet during its average175-year lifespan. 

    Latin Name: Carnegia gigantea
    Year Adopted: 1931
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 9-10

    Related State Symbol:

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    Arkansas State Flower, Apple Blossom

    The apple blossom is the state flower of Arkansas
    Arkansas State Flower, Apple Blossom. Image by furbyphotos via Flickr Creative Commons

    Arkansas adopted the apple blossom as their state flower in 1901. Its delicate white and pink flowers create flowing accents all over the southern state. 

    Latin Name: Malus domestica
    Year Adopted: 1901
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 3-9

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Fruit: South Arkansas Vine Ripe Pink Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum 'South Arkansas Vine Ripe Pink')
    • State Grape: Cynthiana (Vitis aestivalis 'Cynthiana')
    • State Nut: Pecan (Carya illinoensis)
    • State Tree: Pine trees (genus Pi...MOREnus)
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    California State Flower, California Poppy

    The California poppy is the state flower of California
    California State Flower, California Poppy. Image by photogirl7 via Flickr Creative Commons

    The California poppy is self-seeding and drought tolerant. The California poppy has many other names, include the copa de oro, la amapola and the flame flower. This has been California's state flower since 1903, and the state still celebrates the flower annually on California Poppy Day and during Poppy Week. 

    Latin Name: Eschscholzia californica
    Year Adopted: 1903
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 5-10; annual in all zones

    Related State Symbols:

     

    • State Grass: Purple needlegrass (Nassella pulchra)
    • St...MOREate Soil: San Joaquin Soil
    • State Tree: California redwood (Coast redwood - Sequoia sempervirens and giant sequoia - Sequoiadendron giganteum or Sequoia giganteum)
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    Colorado State Flower, Rocky Mountain Columbine

    The Rocky Mountain columbine is the state flower of Colorado.
    Colorado State Flower, Rocky Mountain Columbine. Image by bluedharma via Flickr Creative Commons

    The rocky mountain columbine was discovered in 1820 on Pike's Peak and later became the state's flower in 1899. This easy perennial has a strong aroma that attracts butterflies, hummingbirds, and bees to its nectar. 

    Latin Name: Aquilegia caerulea
    Year Adopted: 1899
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 3-8

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Grass: Blue grama grass (Bouteloua gracilis)
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    Connecticut State Flower, Mountain Laurel

    The mountain laurel is the state flower of Connecticut
    Connecticut State Flower, Mountain Laurel. Image by pellaea via Flickr Creative Commons

    Adopted in 1907 by Connecticut, the mountain laurel is a gorgeous native American shrub. The site of this flower was first recorded in America in early colonial times and has origins in the eastern U.S. 

    Latin Name: Kalmia latifolia
    Year Adopted: 1907
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 5-9

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  • 08 of 55

    Delaware State Flower, Peach Blossom

    The peach blossom is the state flower of Delaware
    Delaware State Flower, Peach Blossom. Image by pizzodisevo via Flickr Creative Commons

    Even though Georgia has been coined the peach state, Delaware adopted the peach blossom way back in 1895 and even has peach pie as its official state dessert. During that time, Delaware orchards had hundreds of peach trees, making the fruit plentiful state-wide. 

    Latin Name: Prunus persica
    Year Adopted: 1895
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 5-9

    Related State Symbols:

     

    • State Herb: Sweet goldenrod (Solidago odora)
    • State Soil: Greenwich loam
    • State Tree: American holly (Ilex opaca)
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    District of Columbia State Flower, American Beauty Rose

    The state flower for the District of Columbia is the American Beauty rose
    District of Columbia State Flower, American Beauty Rose. Image by faeparsons via Flickr Creative Commons

    This hybrid perpetual is well-known for its full, rich blooms and lovely fragrance. These hardy flowers can grow 12-15 feet high, in a variety of hues that fall mostly within the pink and red spectrum of color.

    Latin Name: Rosa 'American Beauty'
    Year Adopted: Not specified​
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 5-9

    Related State Symbols:

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    Florida State Flower, Orange Blossom

    Florida's state flower is the orange blossom
    Florida State Flower, Orange Blossom. Image by mscaprikell via Flickr Creative Commons

    Oranges are commonly grown throughout the state of Florida as are other species of citrus. The ones grown there are mostly used for making juice, while the ones grown in California are for fresh eating. The sweetly scented blossoms, which have been Florida's state flower since 1909, are the source of orange blossom honey. Orange juice is also the official state beverage. 

    Latin Name: Citrus sinensis
    Year Adopted: 1909
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 9-11

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Fruit:...MORE Orange
    • State Soil: Myakka Fine Sand
    • State Tree: Cabbage palmetto (Sabal palmetto)
    • State Wildflower: Tickseeds (genus Coreopsis)
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    Georgia State Flower, Cherokee Rose

    The Cherokee rose is the state flower of Georgia
    Georgia State Flower, Cherokee Rose. Image by yamada* via Flickr Creative Commons

    The state flower of Georgia was adopted by the state in 1916. Derived from the Cherokee Indians, the Cherokee Rose is a white flower with a golden center and usually blooms in the early spring.

    Latin Name: Rosa laevigata
    Year Adopted: 1916
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 7-9

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Botanical Garden: The State Botanical Garden of Georgia
    • State Crop: Peanut (Arachis hypogaea)
    • State Fruit: Peach (Prunus persica)
    • State Vegetable: Vidalia Sweet Onion
    • State Wildflower: Azalea (genus Rhodo...MOREdendron)
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    Guam State Flower, Bougainvillea

    The puti tai nobiu is the state flower of Guam
    Guam State Flower, Bougainvillea. Image by Andres Rueda via Flickr Creative Commons

    Guam's state flower is also called Puti tai nobio and known as the paper flower. It grows bright pink, red, purple, orange and white flowers. The flower is native to tropical and subtropical regions of South America.

    Latin Name: Bougainvillea spectabilis
    Year Adopted: Unspecified
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 9b-11

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    Hawaii State Flower, Yellow Hibiscus

    The yellow hibiscus (pua ma‘o hau hele)is the state flower of Hawaii
    Hawaii State Flower, Yellow Hibiscus. Image by uzvards via Flickr Creative Commons

    The Hawaiian name of the yellow hibiscus is pua ma‘o hau hele. Other names include Brackenridge's rosemallow and native yellow hibiscus. This species can be either a large shrub or small tree. It is endemic to Hawaii and considered to be endangered.

    Latin Name: Hibiscus brackenridgei
    Year Adopted: 1988
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 9b-11

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    Idaho State Flower, Syringa

    The Syringa Mock Orange is the state flower of Idaho
    Idaho State Flower, Syringa. Image by Werewombat via Creative Commons

    The Syringa has been Idaho's state flower since 1931, and grows in blooms on a woody shrub.  The name of this species, lewisii, is named after Meriwether Lewis of the Lews and Clark expedition, who wrote about the Syringa in his journal.

    Latin Name: Philadelphus lewisii
    Year Adopted: 1931
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 3-8

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Fruit: Huckleberry (genus Vaccinium section Myrtillus)
    • State Tree: Western white pine (Pinus monticola)
    • State Vegetable: Potato (Solanum tuberosum)
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    Illinois State Flower, Purple Violet

    The purple violet is the state flower of Illinois
    Illinois State Flower, Purple Violet. Image by Muffet via Flickr Creative Commons

    When schoolchildren in Illinois were given the chance to pick the state flower, they chose the purple violet (Viola sororia). These little beauties love to grow throughout the state. Some may consider it a weed since it tends to pop up everywhere, but it does have pretty flowers.

    Latin Name: Viola sororia
    Year Adopted: 1908
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Varies

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Fruit: Goldrush apple
    • State Prairie Grass: Big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii)
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    Indiana State Flower, Peony

    The peony is the state flower of Indiana
    Indiana State Flower, Peony. Image by TANAKA Juuyoh via Flickr Creative Commons

    Originally the state flower of Indiana was the zinnia, but the peony became its state flower in 1957. Peonies come in a variety of colors and no particular color was selected for the state flowers. This lovely ornamental bloom can be seen widely throughout the state. 

    Latin Name: Paeonia lactiflora
    Year Adopted: 1957
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 3-8

    Related State Symbol:

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    Iowa State Flower, Wild Prairie Rose

    The wild prairie rose is the state flower of Iowa
    Iowa State Flower, Wild Prairie Rose. Image by davepk13

    Established as the state flower in 1897, the wild prairie rose comes in varying shades of pink, red, white and yellow. It's very fragrant petals are editable, and birds especially love to eat the rose hips of this flower in the winter. 

    Latin Name: Rosa arkansana
    Year Adopted: 1897
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 4-7

    Related State Symbol:

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    Kansas State Flower, Sunflower

    The sunflower is the state flower of Kansas
    Kansas State Flower, Sunflower. Image by pizzodisevo via Flickr Creative Commons

    Known as the Sunflower state, Kansas chose the cheery sunflower as its state flower in 1903. These come in a variety of heights and flower head sizes, so there is one to fit in every garden. You can harvest the seeds for birds or eat them yourself.

    Click to learn about growing sunflowers.

    Latin Name: Helianthus annuus
    Year Adopted: 1903
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Varies

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Soil: Harney series soil
    • State Tree: Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides)
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    Kentucky State Flower, Goldenrod

    Goldenrod is the state flower of Kentucky.
    Kentucky State Flower, Goldenrod. Image by Phil Sellens via Flickr Creative Commons

    As you might guess from the name, goldenrods are plants covered with golden yellow flowers. It spreads easily through rhizomes and can become invasive in some areas. It is also the state flower of Nebraska and the state wildflower of South Carolina.

    Latin Name: Solidago spp.
    Year Adopted: 1926
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Varies

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Arboretum: Bernheim Arboretum and Research Forest
    • State Botanical Garden: University of Kentucky Arboretum
    • State Fruit: Blackberry (R...MOREubus allegheniensis)
    • State Heritage Tree: Kentucky coffee tree (Gymnocladus dioica)
    • State Soil: Crider Soil Series
    • State Tree: Tulip poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera)
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    Louisiana State Flower, Magnolia

    The magnolia is the state flower of Louisiana.
    Louisiana State Flower, Magnolia. Image by littlegemtrees via Flickr Creative Commons

    The southern magnolia is an icon in the southern United States, so it's natural for Louisiana to choose it as the state flower. Mississippi also gave it that honor. This beauty produces large white flowers that are fragrant. Click to learn more about other magnolia trees and shrubs.

    Latin Name: Magnolia grandiflora
    Year Adopted: 1900
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 6-9

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Fruit: Strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa)
    • State Tree: Baldcypress (Taxodium distichum)
    • State...MORE Wildflower: Louisiana iris (Iris subsection Apogon series Hexagonae)
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    Maine State Flower, Eastern White Pine Tassel and Cone

    The Eastern white pine tassel and cone are the state flower of Maine.
    Maine State Flower, Eastern White Pine Tassel and Cone. Image by sciondriver via Flickr Creative Commons

    Strangely enough, the state flower of Maine isn't a flower at all! The Eastern white pine was chosen as this state's "flower" in 1895. Maine's nickname is the Pine Tree State.

    Latin Name: Pinus strobus
    Year Adopted: 1895
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 3-8

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Berry: Wild blueberry (Vaccinium spp.)
    • State Herb: Wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens)
    • State Soil: Chesuncook Soil Series
    • State Tree: Eastern white pine (Pinus strobus)
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    Maryland State Flower, Black-eyed Susan

    The black-eyed Susan is the state flower of Maryland.
    Maryland State Flower, Black-eyed Susan. Image by Laiane via Flickr Creative Commons

    This black and gold flower was adopted by Maryland in 1918. Its color seems thematic to the state; yellow and gold are also found in the coloring on the state's cat, insect, and bird!

    Latin Name: Rudbeckia hirta
    Year Adopted: 1918
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 5-9

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Soil: Sassafras series
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    Massachusetts State Flower, Mayflower

    The mayflower is the state flower of Massachusetts
    Massachusetts State Flower, Mayflower. Image by nightthree via Flickr Creative Commons

    This state's flower has been on an endangered list since 1925. The delicate flower was officially adopted by Massachusetts in 1918. It's also known as trailing arbutus or ground laurel.

    Latin Name: Epigaea repens
    Year Adopted: 1918
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 3-9

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Bean: Navy bean
    • State Berry: Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon)
    • State Beverage: Cranberry juice
    • State Muffin: Corn muffin
    • State Tree: American elm (Ulmus americana)
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    Michigan State Flower, Apple Blossom

    Apple blossoms are the state flower of Michigan.
    Michigan State Flower, Apple Blossom. Image by Jacke A via Flickr Creative Commons

    Michigan is one of the states that has named a state flower as well as a state wildflower. The Apple Blossom was adopted as the state's flower in 1897. Michigan produces many apples annually, and this particular species, the Pyrus coronaria, is an especially fragrant bloom. 

    Latin Name: Pyrus coronaria
    Year Adopted: 1897
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 3-9

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Soil: Kalkaska sand
    • State Tree: Eastern white pine (Pinus strobus)
    • State Wildflower: Dwarf lake iris (Iris...MORE lacustris)
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    Minnesota State Flower, Pink and White Ladyslipper

    The pink and white ladyslipper is the state flower of Minnesota
    Pink and White Ladyslipper. Image by Deacon Steve via Flickr Creative Commons

    Minnesota's pink and white lady slipper became first suggested as the state flower in 1893 but wasn't officially adopted by the state until 1967. Just like it took quite a long time to make this flower official in Minnesota, the flower itself takes a very long time to grow. It can take up to 16 years before the plan will produce its first bloom! Once it does, it has a long life of up to 50 years.

    Latin Name: Cypripedium reginae
    Year Adopted: 1893, 1967
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 3-7

    Rel...MOREated State Symbols:

    • State Fruit: Honeycrisp™ Apple (Malus 'Honeycrisp')
    • State Grain: Wild rice (Zizania aquatica or Zizania palustris)
    • State Mushroom: Morel (Morchella esculenta)
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    Mississippi State Flower, Magnolia

    The magnolia is the state flower of Mississippi.
    Mississippi State Flower, Magnolia. Image by TANAKA Juuyoh via Flickr Creative Commons

    Mississippi is called the magnolia state, a fitting name considering the magnolia is also the state tree.  The flower was selected by schoolchildren in Mississippi in 1900, receiving the most votes among its competition, which included the cotton blossom and the cape jasmine. 

    Latin Name: Magnolia grandiflora
    Year Adopted: 1952
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 6-9

    Related State Symbol:

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    Missouri State Flower, Hawthorn

    The hawthorn is the state flower of Missouri
    Missouri State Flower, Hawthorn. Image by AndrewH.uk via Flickr Creative Commons

    Missouri decided on its state flower in 1923. The small pomes, an apple-like fruit that is produced by this tree, are collected to make jam. 

    Latin Name: genus Crataegus
    Year Adopted: 1923
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Varies

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Grape: Norton/Cynthiana (Vitis aestivalis 'Cynthiana')
    • State Tree: Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida)
    • State Tree Nut: Black walnut (Juglans nigra)
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    Montana State Flower, Bitterroot

    The bitterroot is the state flower of Montana
    Montana State Flower, Bitterroot. Image by brewbooks via Flickr Creative Commons

    Bitterroot can be found in the spring and the summer. The flower was adopted by Montana in 1895. Historically, some Native American tribes used the roots of this plant for food and trade.

    Latin Name: Lewisia rediviva
    Year Adopted: 1895
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 3-7

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Grass: Bluebunch wheatgrass (Agropyron spicatum)
    • State Tree: Ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa)
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    Nebraska State Flower, Goldenrod

    Goldenrod is the state flower of Nebraska
    State Flowers Photo Gallery. Image by moosicorn via Flickr Creative Commons

    Goldenrod has a surprisingly long season, lasting from July all the way through October.  The Goldenrod was adopted as Nebraska's state flower in 1895. 

    Latin Name: Solidago gigantea
    Year Adopted: 1895
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 5-9

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Grass: Little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium)
    • State Tree: Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides)
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    Nevada State Flower, Big Sagebrush

    Big sagebrush is the state flower of Nevada
    Nevada State Flower, Big Sagebrush. Image by Stan Shebs via Creative Commons

    Nevada's state flower since 1917, the sagebrush, is also called big sagebrush, common sagebrush, blue sagebrush and black sagebrush.In is a silvery bush that grows in dry desert terrain, and has a strongly recognizable fragrance when it gets wet. 

    Latin Name: Artemisia tridentata
    Year Adopted: 1917
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 4-10

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Grass: Indian rice grass (Achnatherum hymenoides)
    • State Soil: Orvada soil
    • State Tree: Bristlecone pine (Pinus longaeva)
    • State Tree:...MORE Singleleaf pinyon pine(Pinus monophylla)
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    New Hampshire State Flower, Purple Lilac

    The purple lilac is the state flower of New Hampshire
    New Hampshire State Flower, Purple Lilac. Image by Salim Virji via Flickr Creative Commons

    A lilac bush can live for hundreds of years. It was chosen as the flower for the state of New Hampshire in 1919 because it was representative of the persevering characteristic of men and women of the state. 

    Latin Name: Syringa vulgaris
    Year Adopted: 1919
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 3-7

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Fruit: Pumpkin
    • State Tree: Paper birch (Betula papyrifera)
    • State Wildflower: Pink lady slipper (Cypripedium acaule)
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    New Jersey State Flower, Blue Violet

    The blue violet is the state flower of New Jersey
    New Jersey State Flower, Blue Violet. Image by the USFWS Chesapeake

    You can see more lovely photos of the blue-violet in this Gallery of Lavender Flowers, but if you live in New Jersey you're likely to see them outdoors at the right time of year. The violet was named New Jersey's state flower in 1971. 

    Latin Name: Viola sororia
    Year Adopted: 1971
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 4-8

    Related State Symbols:

     

    • State Fruit: Blueberry (genus Vaccinium)
    • State Memorial Tree: Dogwood (Cornus spp.)
    • State Tree: Red oak (Quercus rubra)
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    New Mexico State Flower, Yucca

    Yucca is the state flower of New Mexico
    New Mexico State Flower, Yucca. Image by Jim Pisarowicz, NPS

    Although yucca is a great choice for a container plant, in New Mexico, the flowers can be seen across the deserts of the state. Early settlers called them "our Lord's candles." The yucca was established as New Mexico's state flower in 1927. 

    Latin Name: Yucca glauca
    Year Adopted: 1927
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 4-9
    Related State Symbols:

    • State Grass: Blue grama grass (Bouteloua gracilis)
    • State Tree: Pinyon pine (Pinus edulis)
    • State Vegetables: Chiles (Capsicum annum) and frijoles...MORE (pinto beans - Phaseolus vulgaris)
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    New York State Flower, Rose

    The rose is the state flower of New York
    New York State Flower, Rose. Image by fmc.nikon.d40 via Flickr Creative Commons

    New York's state flower became the rose in 1955. The rose hips and petals of this flower are edible and have been used in both medicine and cuisine. 

    Latin Name: Rosa spp.
    Year Adopted: 1955
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Varies

    Related State Symbols:

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    North Carolina State Flower, Flowering Dogwood

    The flowering dogwood is the state flower of North Carolina
    North Carolina State Flower, Flowering Dogwood. Image by Zevotron via Flickr Creative Commons

    Though it seems like the flowering dogwood has four large petals, they are really a type of modified leaf called a bract. These surround the true flowers on this North Carolina state flower. Click to learn more about other dogwood trees, shrubs, and subshrubs.

    Latin Name: Cornus florida
    Year Adopted: 1941
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 5-9

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Blue Berry: Blueberry (genus vaccinium)
    • State Carnivorous Plant: Venus fly trap (Dionaea muscipula)
    • State Christmas Tree: Fraser fir (A...MOREbies fraseri)
    • State Fruit: Scuppernong grape (Vitis rotundifolia)
    • State Red Berry: Strawberry (genus Fragraria)
    • State Tree: Longleaf pine ( Pinus palustris)
    • State Vegetable: Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas)
    • State Wildflower: Carolina lily (Lilium michauxii)
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    North Dakota State Flower, Wild Prairie Rose

    The wild prairie rose is the state flower of North Dakota
    North Dakota State Flower, Wild Prairie Rose. Image by davepk13 via Flickr Creative Commons

    The wild prairie rose, North Dakota's state flower ​can be found growing in meadows and along roadsides throughout the state. It was adopted as the state flower in 1907. 

    Latin Name: Rosa arkansana
    Year Adopted: 1907​
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 4-7

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Fruit: Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana)
    • State Grass: Western wheatgrass (Agropyron smithii)
    • State Tree: American elm (Ulmus americana)
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    Northern Marianas State Flower, Plumeria

    The plumeria is the state flower of Northern Marianas.
    Northern Marianas State Flower, Plumeria. Image by minghong via Flickr Creative Commons

    The plumeria flower is commonly used for making leis, so is sometimes also called the Hawaiian Lei Flower. Curiously, the unique fragrance of this flower is strongest at nighttime. 

    Latin Name: Plumeria rubra forma acutifolia
    Year Adopted: Unspecified
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 10-12

    Related State Symbol:

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    Ohio State Flower, Scarlet Carnation

    The scarlet carnation is the state flower of Ohio.
    Ohio State Flower, Scarlet Carnation. Image by KeepOpera via Creative Commons

    The scarlet carnation was chosen in honor of William McKinley, the 39th governor of Ohio and the 25th president of the US. He died on September 14, 1901, from gunshot wounds inflicted by an assassin. He used to wear these flowers in the lapel of his jacket. 

    Dianthus is a good choice if you want cut flowers. Another name for this species is clove pink. While North Carolina specifically honors the scarlet carnation, it can also come in shades of pink, green, white, purple and yellow.

    Latin Name: Dia...MOREnthus caryophyllus
    Year Adopted: 1904
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 6-9

    Related State Symbols:

     

    • State Beverage: Tomato juice
    • State Fruit: Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
    • State Native Fruit: Pawpaw (Asimina triloba)
    • State Tree: Ohio buckeye (Aesculus glabra)
    • State Wildflower: Large white trillium (Trillium grandiflorum)
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    Oklahoma State Flower, Mistletoe

    Mistletoe is the state flower of Oklahoma
    Oklahoma State Flower, Mistletoe. Image by Ryan Somma via Flickr Creative Commons

    Although they are insignificant, the mistletoe does have flowers. Mistletoe grows on trees throughout Oklahoma, particularly in the southern areas of the state. It was named the state's flower in 1893.

    Latin Name: Phoradendron serotinum
    Year Adopted: 1893
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 6-10

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Fruit: Strawberry (genus Fragraria)
    • State Grass: Indiangrass (Sorghastrum nutans)
    • State Soil: Port Silt Loam
    • State Tree: Eastern redbud (Cercis canadensis)
    • State Vegetable:...MORE Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus)
    • State Wildflower: Indian Blanket (Gaillardia pulchella)
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    Oregon State Flower, Oregon Grape

    The Oregon grape is the state flower of Oregon
    Oregon State Flower, Oregon Grape. Image by pellaea via Flickr Creative Commons

    The Oregan grape plant produces little yellow flowers in the early summer and a dark blue berry that ripens late in the fall. Since the fruit is tart, it is best used to make jelly. The plant was adopted as the state's flower in 1899. 

    Latin Name: Berberis aquifolium
    Year Adopted: 1899
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 5-9

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Fruit: Pear (genus Pyrus)
    • State Mushroom: Pacific golden chanterelle (Cantharellus cibarius)
    • State Nut: Hazelnut (genus Corylus)
    • State Tree: Douglas...MORE fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)
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    Pennsylvania State Flower, Mountain Laurel

    The Pennsylvania state flower is the mountain laurel.
    Pennsylvania State Flower, Mountain Laurel. Image by Ryan Somma via Flickr Creative Commons

    The lovely mountain laurel is a beautiful shrub native to America with star-shaped white and pink flowers. Pennsylvania adopted it as the state flower in 1933; it is also a symbol of Connecticut. 

    Latin Name: Kalmia latifolia
    Year Adopted: 1933
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 5-9

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Beautification Plant: Penngift Crownvetch (Coronilla varia)
    • State Tree: Eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)
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    Puerto Rico State Flower, Puerto Rico Hibiscus

    The Puerto Rico hibiscus is the state flower of Puerto Rico
    Puerto Rico Hibiscus. Image by oquendo via Flickr Creative Commons

    The Puerto Rico hibiscus or flor de maga is not actually a hibiscus. Those plants are in the Hibiscus genus. They do both belong in the Malvaceae family and have a similar look.

    Latin Name: Thespesia grandiflora
    Year Adopted: Not specified
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 11-12

    Related State Symbols:

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    Rhode Island State Flower, Violet

    The violet is the state flower of Rhode Island
    Rhode Island State Flower, Violet. Image by Selso via Creative Commons

    The state of Rhode Island was the last state to officially adopt a state flower. Even though Rhode Island's schoolchildren voted the violet as the state's flower in 1897, it wasn't officially the state's flower until 1968.

    Latin Name: Viola palmata
    Year Adopted: 1968

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Fruit: Rhode Island Greening Apple
    • State Tree: Red maple (Acer rubrum)
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    South Carolina State Flower, Yellow Jessamine

    The yellow jessamine is the state flower of South Carolina.
    South Carolina State Flower, Yellow Jessamine. Image by 田英

    In 1924 the yellow jessamine was designated as South Carolina's state flower. Jessamine can be found throughout the state and is also featured on the South Carolina state-themed quarter. 

    Latin Name: Gelsemium sempervirens
    Year Adopted: 1924
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 7-9

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Botanical Garden: South Carolina Botanical Garden at Clemson University
    • State Fruit: Peach (Prunus persica)
    • State Grass: Indian grass (Sorghastrum nutans)
    • State Tree: Cabbage palmetto (Sabal...MORE palmetto)
    • State Wildflower: Goldenrod (Solidago)
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    South Dakota State Flower, Pasque Flower

    The pasque flower is the state flower of South Dakota
    Pasque Flower. Image by cliff1066™ via Flickr Creative Commons

    The pasque flower is also known as prairie crocus, cut leaf anenome, prairie smoke or pulsatile. It is a small perennial that bears purple flowers similar to the crocus somewhat in appearance. The Pasque flower is highly toxic and has been placed in both genus Anemone, others the genus Pulsatilla

    Latin Name: Anemone patens var. multifida
    Year Adopted: 1903

    Related State Symbols:

     

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    Tennessee State Flower, Purple Iris

    The iris is the state flower of Tennessee
    Tennessee State Flower, Purple Iris. Image by Tie Guy II via Flickr Creative Commons

    The purple iris (Iris spp.) is in the Iridaceae family. There is an abundance of colors available besides the purple one specifically designated as the state flower. The Iris was adopted as Tennessee's state flower in 1933.

    Latin Name: genus Iris
    Year Adopted: 1933
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Varies

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Fruit: Tomato ( Lycopersicon esculentum)
    • State Tree: Tulip poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera)
    • State Wildflower: Passion flower (genus Passiflora)
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    Texas State Flower, Texas Bluebonnet

    The Texas bluebonnet is the state flower of Texas
    Texas State Flower, Texas Bluebonnet. Image by Beezumvia Flickr Creative Commons

    There are actually five species of bluebonnets (Lupinus) that have been named as the state flower of Texas. All of these beauties feature blue flowers. Their siblings in the Lupinus genus are the garden lupines.

    Latin Name: genus Lupinus
    Year Adopted: 1901
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Varies

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Fruit: Red grapefruit (Citrus paradisi)
    • State Pepper: Jalapeño (Capsicum annuum)
    • State Tree: Pecan tree (Carya illinoinensis)
    • State Vegetable: 1015 Onion
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    US Virgin Islands State Flower, Yellow Trumpetbush

    The yellow trumpetbush is the state flower of the US Virgin Islands
    US Virgin Islands State Flower, Yellow Trumpetbush. Image by mauroguanandi via Flickr Creative Commons

    The beautiful yellow trumpetbush is related to the cape honeysuckle (Tecomaria capensis). Both of the plants are part of the Bignoniaceae family.

    Latin Name: Tecoma stans
    Year Adopted: 1934
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 7-11

    Related State Symbol:

    • State Tree: No official tree
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    Utah State Flower, Sego Lily

    The sego lily is the state flower of Utah.
    Utah State Flower, Sego Lily. Image by summitcheese via Flickr Creative Commons

    Utah adopted its state flower in 1911 and was chosen as the state flower because of its historic significance to the state. In the mid-1800s, the root of the sego lily was eaten during a plague of crickets that destroyed the settlers' crops.

    Latin Name: genus Calochortus
    Year Adopted: 1911
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Varies

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Fruit: Cherry (Prunus cerasus and Prunus avium)
    • State Grass: Indian rice grass (Achnatherum hymenoides)
    • State Historic Vegetable: Sugar Beet (Beta...MORE vulgaris)
    • State Tree: Blue spruce (Picea pungens)
    • State Vegetable: Spanish Sweet Onion
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    Vermont State Flower, Red Clover

    Red clover is the state flower of Vermont.
    State Flowers Photo Gallery. Image by cliff1066™ via Flickr Creative Commons

    Vermont's state flower is the herbal red clover, named as its flower in 1895. Although not indigenous to America, the red clover is a hardy herb that now grows in many regions globally. 

    Latin Name: Trifolium pratense
    Year Adopted: 1895
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 3-8

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Fruit: Apple
    • State Tree: Sugar maple (Acer saccharum)
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    Virginia State Flower, Flowering Dogwood

    The flowering dogwood is the state flower of Virginia
    Virginia State Flower, Flowering Dogwood. Image by The Gifted Photographer via Flickr Creative Commons

    Virgina's state flower was adopted in 1918. The wood of this plant was valued to carpenters, as it produces a strong material that was ideal for making arrows, the handles of tools and other small items requiring hard wood.

    Latin Name: Cornus florida
    Year Adopted: 1918
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 5-9

    Related State Symbols:

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    Washington State Flower, Coast Rhododendron

    The coast rhododendron is the state flower of Washington
    Washington State Flower, Coast Rhododendron. Image by zaui via Flickr Creative Commons

    The coast rhododendron was first discovered by Archibald Menzies in 1792, and the seeds were sent to England in 1850 by William Lobb. Although this flower was initially selected as the state flower in 1892 by the women of Washington, it didn't officially become the state flower until 1959.

    Latin Name: Rhododendron macrophyllum
    Year Adopted: 1892; 1959
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 6b-9

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Fruit: Apple
    • State Grass: Bluebunch wheatgrass (Agropyron spicatum)
    • State Tree: Wes...MOREtern hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla)
    • State Vegetable: Walla Walla sweet onion
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    West Virginia State Flower, Rhododendron

    The rhododendron is the state flower of West Virginia
    West Virginia State Flower, Rhododendron. Image by homeredwardprice via Flickr Creative Commons

    The rhododendron (Rhododendron maximum) became West Virginia's state flower in 1903. Similar to the flowers of other states, it was voted by schoolchildren.

    Latin Name: Rhododendron maximum
    Year Adopted: 1903​
    Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 3b-8

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Fruit: Golden Delicious apple
    • State Soil: Monongahela silt loam
    • State Tree: Sugar maple (Acer saccharum)
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    Wisconsin State Flower, Violet

    The violet is the state flower of Wisconsin.
    Wisconsin State Flower, Violet. Image by hardyplants

    The common name for this species of violet is the common blue violet. It is a herbaceous perennial that comes from eastern North America. In some areas, it is considered to be invasive and may spread throughout your lawn and plant beds. Illinois, New Jersey, and Rhode Island also claim the violet as their state flower.

    Latin Name: Viola sororia
    Year Adopted: 1949

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Fruit: Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon)
    • State Grain: Corn (Zea mays)
    • State Soil: Antigo Silt Loam
    • State Tree: Su...MOREgar maple (Acer saccharum)
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    Wyoming State Flower, Indian Paintbrush

    The Indian paintbrush is the state flower of Wyoming.
    Wyoming State Flower, Indian Paintbrush. Image by brewbooks via Flickr Creative Commons

    Indian paintbrush is a lovely perennial flower that is native to the United States. It features spikes of what appear to be red blossoms. The scarlet parts are actually sepals and modified leaves called "bracts."

    if given the chance, this perennial will be a parasite since it will take nutrients from surrounding plants. This was named the state flower in 1917 thanks to the lobbying efforts of Dr. Grace Raymond Hebard from the University of Wyoming.

    Latin Name: Castilleja linariifolia
    Year...MORE Adopted: 1917

    Related State Symbols:

    • State Grass: Western wheatgrass (Pascopyrum smithii)
    • State Tree: Plains cottonwood (Poplus deltoides subsp. monilifera)