In Japanese, sushi rice is called “sushimeshi.” Perfect sushi starts with perfect rice which is the basis of sushi. For that, you will need a good recipe and some care.
Use short or medium-grain rice. It’s more starchy and round than the long-grain variety, which just won’t hold together well enough to support ingredients in sushi. Many stores now sell specifically-labeled “sushi rice.”
Sushi rice has an interesting history. The Chinese used to cure large pieces of fish in between two flat layers of vinegar-soaked rice. They’d create a flat layer of rice, pour a vinegar solution over it, then lay a single layer of fish all over the rice. It was then topped of with another vinegar-soaked layer of rice and cured for a length of time as a means of preserving it. When the fish was ready, they’d discard the rice and keep the fish. We no longer discard the rice for sushi.
Some people prefer their sushi rice less seasoned and there might be differences in strength and flavor between various brands of rice vinegar. If it’s the first time you are making sushi rice, prepare the amount of seasoning described below, but only use half of it. Mix it with the rice and taste before deciding if you want to use the full amount.
- 3 cups Japanese rice
- 3 1/4 cups water
- 1/3 cup rice vinegar
- Some recipes also call for 1/4 cup sake-mash vinegar (or white wine vinegar)
- 3 tbsp. sugar
- 1 tsp. salt
- Put the rice in a large bowl and wash it with cold running water. Repeat washing until there is no more starch coming out of it and the water becomes almost clear.
- Drain the rice in a colander and set aside for 30 minutes.
- Place the rice in rice cooker and add water. Let the rice soak in the water at least 30 minutes.
- Start the cooker. When rice is cooked, let it steam for about 15 minutes.
- Prepare sushi vinegar by mixing rice vinegar, sugar and salt in a saucepan. Put the pan on low heat and heat until the sugar dissolves. Cool the vinegar mixture.
- Spread the hot steamed rice into a large plate or a large bowl. Please use a non-metallic bowl to prevent any interaction with rice vinegar. It's best to use a wooden bowl called sushi-oke.
- Sprinkle the vinegar mixture over the rice and fold the rice by shamoji (rice spatula) quickly. Be careful not to smash the rice.
- To cool and remove the moisture of the rice well, use a fan as you mix sushi rice. This will give sushi rice a shiny look. It's best to use sushi rice right away.