Sweet Pea Shrub (Polygala × dalmaisiana) is a compact, ornamental, evergreen shrub. It's often also referred to by its other name, Polygala myrtifolia grandiflora. This milkwort hybrid is fast-growing and, in the right warm conditions, blooms in abundance from mid-spring right through the summer.
It gets its name because the clusters of purplish-pink flowers it shows off look similar to those of the sweet pea plant. The foliage is a lovely gray shade, and this can add interesting contrast when planted alongside other species with normal green leaves.
The Sweet Pea Shrub makes an excellent choice for use in mixed borders, as an accent shrub, a low, informal hedge, or when being displayed in decorative containers. It develops into a rounded mound and has a loose, relaxed appearance.
The cut blooms also look impressive and last well in flower arrangements, although they don't have a strong fragrance. Although it won't flower as profusely, this delicate-looking shrub can tolerate temperatures into the low 20's, and it can handle a variety of well-drained soil types. Sweet Pea Shrub it isn't a very long-lasting plant, but it grows profusely and quickly and stays in bloom right through the summer. Polygala × dalmaisiana can be confused with the closely-related and similar-looking Polygala fruticosa, whose common name is Dwarf Sweet Pea Shrub.
|Botanical Name||Polygala × dalmaisiana, Polygala myrtifolia var. grandiflora|
|Common Name||Sweet Pea Shrub, Milkwort|
|Plant Type||Perennial shrub|
|Mature Size||Up to 5 feet|
|Sun Exposure||Full sun/partial shade|
|Soil Type||Rich, well-drained|
|Soil pH||Tolerates a variety|
|Bloom Time||Mid summer through to fall|
|Hardiness Zones||9 to 11|
|Native Area||South Africa|
How to Grow Sweet Pea Shrub
Providing your Sweet Pea Shrub gets enough sun and warm weather, it should be easy to grow and maintain.
Full sun or lightly dappled positions are best for the Sweet Pea Shrub. This will ensure they flower the most abundantly. If they get too much shade, they can become overly-leggy, and you won't see so many blooms.
Sweet Pea Shrubs can tolerate a wide variety of soil types, but their preference is for a well-drained, fertile soil that is rich in organic matter. They won't, however, appreciate an overly-wet and heavy soil.
While your Sweet Pea Shrub is establishing, it'll appreciate regular watering, especially through the summer months. You should make sure the soil doesn't dry out.
Once the shrub is established, it's surprisingly drought-tolerant, although it won't perform as well and could die if the roots are allowed to dry out completely.
For this reason, it's a good idea to add a thick mulch around the base of the plant once it has established. This will help it to retain moisture, even when it only receives infrequent watering. Mulching will also help protect your Sweet Pea Shrub as the winter temperatures arrive.
Temperature and Humidity
For best results, Sweet Pea Shrubs are best grown in warm, frost-free climates. They are, however, surprisingly winter hardy and can still survive when temperatures drop for a short period as low as 20° F.
You should, however, expect more sporadic growth if the temperatures are too mild, and these plants certainly don't appreciate cold, damp conditions.
Using a slow-release fertilizer in the spring can encourage strong blooming.
Propagating Sweet Pea Shrub
Sweet Pea Shrubs can be propagated from softwood cuttings at the start of the summer or semi-hardwood ones as the summer progresses.
Because this shrub can become rather leggy, pruning in early spring will help to ensure it keeps a compact and tidy shape. It will prevent too much bare trunk and sparsely blooming lower stems from developing and encourage abundant flowering.
Growing From Seeds
Sweet Pea Shrubs can be grown from seeds if the temperatures are warm enough. Spring temperatures above 60° F, plenty of sunlight and consistently moist soil are preferable.
For temperatures lower than this, hardening off the plants by gradually exposing the germinated seedlings to their outdoor position can be helpful. Sudden temperature changes aren't appreciated.
Be aware that, although consistent moisture is needed for the seeds to germinate, if they're oversaturated, this can cause them to rot.