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10 Tall Annuals for Impact
We often think of annuals as quick filler, but there are many annual flowers that are quite tall and striking on their own. The 10 plants shown here are tall enough for the back of the border and bold enough to make their own statement. Although some are hard to find in the garden center, they can all be grown from seed and since they are annuals and rushing to set their own seed, they grow surprisingly quickly.Continue to 2 of 11 below.
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Maybe you are familiar with the shorter ageratum varieties sold in garden centers. They have the familiar blue flowers in a compact size. It's easier for growers to ship compact plants and for garden centers to display them, so larger varieties often get pushed out of the limelight.
Ageratum houstonianum is not a new introduction, but many of its newer cultivars top out at 4-6 inches. Ageratum ‘Blue Horizon’ can quickly grow to 30 inches in height and a cluster of these plants will form a blue haze that attracts butterflies and other pollinating insects.
They can burn out in the hot sun and often fair better with a little partial shade, at least in the afternoon. Ageratum like regular water. Allow the soil to dry between waterings, because the plants can be prone to crown and root rot. To prevent botrytis, water them in the morning to give the leaves a chance to dry off.
Find a spot where they will be happy growing, keep them deadheaded and the plants will repeat bloom throughout the summer.Continue to 3 of 11 below.
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There are several notable Amaranthus that make an impact in the garden. Old fashioned Love Lies Bleeding, Amaranthus caudatus, can grow 3-5 ft. tall, with long panicles of dangling flowers.
Amaranthus hypochondriacus, Prince's Feather, grows to about 4 ft. and has flowers held in upright panicles, in shades of red, purple, gold and green.
Another popular species is Amaranthus tricolor, which you may know as Joseph's Coat or Summer Poinsettia. The flowers are not much to see, but when the plant starts to flower, the green leaves break up into a party of tropical colors, from red, to purple to gold.Continue to 4 of 11 below.
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Caster bean, Ricinus communis, is often shied away from because the seeds are extremely poisonous and the leaves can be an irritant. If you have young children, this is not the plant for you. If you don't have young garden visitors, caster bean provides many ornamental features.
The star-shaped leaves are what draws in most gardeners. Their deep purple color alone made the plant worth growing. But they also have interesting seed pods and the newer varieties have more attractive flowers, in red and pink.
To get the largest plants, you will need to either buy seedlings or start seeds early, 6 - 8 weeks before your last frost. As with most tall growing plants, caster beans need to be allowed to grow without interruption. Keep moving them into larger pots, as they fill out their old ones. Make sure they have plenty of heat and sun and harden them off gradually.
To get your plants to shoot up, give them a soil rich in organic matter and plenty of water. Caster bean can easily top 10 ft. Many plants will keep growing up to 15 ft.Continue to 5 of 11 below.
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Cleome hassleriana, or spider flower, starts blooming early and gets better as the season rolls along. The first blooms begin when the plants are only about 1 ft. tall. As the plant grows in height, more flowers form at the top of the plants. Although height depends on the variety you are growing, most can grow to 4 - 5 ft., branching along the way and producing even more flowers.
You can direct sow cleome seeds. You will probably get some self-sown flowers if you grew them the year before. However, they don't tend to germinate until the soil warms up. If you want earlier blooms, or to extend the season even longer, you can start seed indoors, 6 - 8 weeks before your last frost date.
Cleome doesn't usually have pest problems, but they do have another growing caveat. Some people think their musky odor is a bit too much like a skunk. Not everyone detects this odor. In fact, cleome is even used as a cut flower. But you might want to check them out in someone else's garden before you put them in yours.Continue to 6 of 11 below.
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Cosmos is one of the most undemanding annual flowers you can grow. You can start seed indoors, to get an early start, but it's easiest to direct sow in the garden, by broadcasting anytime around your last frost date.
Cosmos bipinnatus has feathery foliage and daisy-like flowers with yellow centers. You will find them in an assortment of colors and sizes, so if you are looking for tall plants, be sure to read the seed packet. Some varieties can reach up to 4 ft. in height.
Cosmos will repeat flower, even without deadheading. However, the plants will last longer if you either deadhead or wait until flowering declines and shear back the whole plant by about 1/2. Cosmos will self-seed. Some gardeners find it a nuisance, but they are easy enough to pull out, while young.
Leaves the plants standing through winter. Birds love their seed.Continue to 7 of 11 below.
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Kiss Me Over the Garden Gate
There are several notable Persicaria species and some, like Persicaria polymorpha, are perennial. Persicaria orientale, also known as Kiss Me Over the Garden Gate or Knotweed, is a quick growing annual with spikes of purple-pink flowers that bloom above the foliage.
You can direct sow or start seed indoors, 4 - 6 weeks before your last frost date. They are very quick growers and can reach 6 - 10 feet in a matter of weeks. Persicaria needs regular moisture. Mulching is recommended.
It's called knotweed because of the nodes or joints along its stem. It is no relation to the invasive Japanese knotweed.Continue to 8 of 11 below.
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Flowering tobacco, Nicotiana sylvestris, is yet another stately, old-fashioned flower that has been overshadowed by shorter varieties. It can grow to 6 ft. and produces a jasmine-like scent in the evenings. During the day, the flowers partially close and no scent it released, but it makes up for it at night. Because of this habit, these are great plants for a patio or deck where you spend time in the evening.
Flowering tobacco is easy and quick to grow from seed. Don't cover the seed with soil, because it needs light to germinate.Continue to 9 of 11 below.
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Tall Annual Flowers - Sunflowers
Sunflowers are probably the first flowers you think of when you go looking for tall annuals. Annual sunflowers, Helianthus Annuus, used to be a late bloomer, but there are some new varieties that are day neutral, meaning they don't require a long day length to start setting buds, that begin blooming in mid-summer.
The traditional yellow sunflower still charms, but you also find them in rich burgundy, deep mahogany and many bi-colors.
You can start seed indoors 2 - 4 weeks before your last frost date, but they do not like their roots disturbed, so plant them in peat or paper pots. However, they grow very quickly and seed that is direct sown will catch up to the plants you started indoors.Continue to 10 of 11 below.
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Tall Annual Flowers - Tithonia
Tithonia rotundifolia, Mexican Sunflower or Torch Flower, seem to have disappeared from gardens lately. That's a shame because this cheery, bright orange flower is easy to grow and virtually pest free.
The plants can reach 5 ft. in height, although the plant industry keeps introducing "dwarf" varieties. Give them a moderately rich soil and then stand back and watch them grow. They love hot days and don't mind humidity or a brief drought.
Tithonia takes awhile to start blooming. To speed things along, you can start seed indoors 6 - 8 weeks before your last frost. They need some light to germinate, so press the seeds against the soil, rather than covering them. The seedlings grow fast and will need to be repotted in larger pots regularly, or they will become stressed and try to go to seed.Continue to 11 of 11 below.
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Verbena bonariensis, Tall Verbena or Brazilian Vervain, is an unusual plant that finds its way through your garden. It forms a low clump of leaves then sends up tall, bobbing stems with clusters of purple flowers. On its own, it's not a show stopper. Let it weave its way through your garden and everyone will be asking you what it is.
Tall verbena can grow to 4 - 6 ft. tall. It has a branching habit that you can encourage by pinching the young plants back when they are about 6 inches tall.
The plants tend to self-sow throughout the garden and the following year you may have more than you need, but they are easy enough to pull out and adapt well if transplanted elsewhere. Don't panic if you don't see them early in the season. Seed does not germinate until mid-spring.