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The Parts of An Apple Activity
Goal of Activity: To identify and label the six parts of an apple, using information from a book and a mini-lesson using a real apple.
- Skills Targeted: Reading comprehension, ability to represent learning information
- Related Activity: The Seasons of Arnold’s Apple Tree Activity
- Related Children’s Book: Apples, Apples, Apples by Nancy Elizabeth Wallace
This activity takes a multimodal approach to help your child learn the parts of an apple. It uses both real-life examples and literature to help your child learn and then uses a printable worksheet and suggests an art activity to help your child express what she has learned.
Parent’s Guide to the Parts of an Apple:
In order to effectively teach your child about the parts of an apple, you’ll need to know what they are and what the function of each part is. Here are the six parts and their functions:
Continue to 2 of 5 below.
- Stem: The stem of the apple attaches to the fruit to the apple tree. Its function is to bring water and nutrients to the apple.
- Leaves: The leaves are attached to the stem and use photosynthesis to help convert sunlight into water and food. The water is stored in and travels through veins in the leaf.
- Skin: The skin is the outside covering of the apple. It protects the flesh and seeds.
- Flesh: The flesh is the firm, juicy, edible part of the apple.
- Core: The core is the inner "pocket" of apple that contains the seeds.
- Seeds: The seeds of the apple are contained in seed pockets in the core. Their function is to hold the material needed to grow new apple trees (if planted).
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Step #1: Examining the Parts of an Apple
Depending on whether or not you and your child have already been learning about apples, you may have already done the Apple Varieties WebQuest. If so, then your child has a good sense of the different types of apples nature (and the grocery store) has to offer.
Pick one of the apples you have around the house to examine closely. Let your child know that the apple in her hand consists of six parts. Keep in mind that most apples that come from the store may not have the leaves and/or stem still attached. You can incorporate this into your discussion, asking your child why she thinks some of the parts are missing.
Ask her what she thinks the parts of an apple are. If she doesn’t know, give her a hint, letting her know that some of the parts are on the outside to protect the apple and to help it grow, while other parts are on the inside. Cut the apple in half to help her examine the inside of the apple.
Once your child has examined the apple carefully, write down the six parts on a piece of paper, saying them as you write them. Help your child locate each part of her apple.Continue to 3 of 5 below.
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Step #2: Reading the Book Apples, Apples, Apples
Though your child may already have a good sense of the parts of an apple, she may not have a sense of how they form. Read the book Apples, Apples, Apples by Nancy Elizabeth Wallace to help her see the journey of an apple from seed to fruit. Make sure to point out the book’s illustrated cross-section of an apple.Continue to 4 of 5 below.
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Step #3: Labeling the Parts of an Apple
Print a copy of the Parts of an Apple worksheet as shown in Slide 1. The worksheet is a simple cross-section outline of an apple. Each part has a line pointing to it. Have your child write the name of the part on the line.Continue to 5 of 5 below.
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Suggested Art Activities
- Build a Model Apple: Using clay, pipe cleaners and pebbles (or real apple seeds), your child can build her own apple, putting all the parts in place. She can either build it from a worm’s eye-view or as though it has been cut in half.
- Draw or Paint the Parts of an Apple: Your child can use a variety of different colors to draw or paint her rendition of the inside of an apple.
- A Paper Apple: Provide your child with construction paper and tissue paper. She can use scissors, glue and her imagination to make a paper apple with all the parts in place. Twisted bits of tissue paper make great stems and seeds.