Guide to Wall and Floor Tile Sizes

Wall and floor tile can have any size or shape, especially among artisan tile manufacturers. But an infinite number of sizes would make kitchen and bathroom design difficult. So, common practice dictates that the majority of tiles have certain prescribed sizes. 

Sizes are dependent on materials and intended uses. For example, glass is a popular material for mosaic ​tesserae in smaller, 1-inch square sizes. But glass does not work in larger 1-foot or greater sizes. Flooring tends to favor larger...MORE format tile, as it is faster to install and provides a smooth, continuous surface. 

  • 01 of 09

    1-Inch Square Mosaic

    Kitchen Tile Backsplash
    Red and orange 1-inch square mosaic tile enliven this kitchen backsplash.

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    Mosaic tile is individual tesserae in 1-inch by 1-inch squares. Typically, twelve rows by twelve columns of mosaic tiles are joined to form a sheet that is roughly 1-foot by 1-foot square. The mesh backing that holds the tiles together can be easily cut from the back with a utility knife. Tiles can be individually pried off, if needed, to fill in small areas. ​

    Mosaic tile is most commonly used around the home as wall tile as kitchen or bathroom backsplashes.

    The most popular materials for mosaic are ceramic, porcelain, and glass, followed by stone and metal.

  • 02 of 09

    2-Inch Square Mosaic

    Mosaic tile with each individual tile sized at 2 inches square is available in either loose or mesh-bound form. Unlike the 1-inch square tile, whose look is achieved as an aggregate of all the tiles, these 2-inch square tiles are large enough that individual tiles' texture and colors are discernible.

    Two-inch square mosaic tile is used in kitchen and bathrooms for backsplashes and walls. In some designs, it is also used for flooring.

    Mosaic tile of this size is found in ceramic, porcelain, glass, stone, and metal materials.

  • 03 of 09

    1-Inch by 2-Inch Mosaic/Subway Blend

    Mosaic tile of this type is sized at a 1:2 aspect ratio, where the width is twice that of the height. This tile is not large enough to truly call it subway tile, and it has more of a mosaic tile appearance. This subway/mosaic mix is bound on the back with mesh.

    This tile is commonly used on walls, most often with kitchen or bathroom backsplashes, or as wall wainscot.

    This tile comes in a variety of materials: ceramic, porcelain, glass, stone, and metal.

  • 04 of 09

    4-Inch by 4-Inch Square Tile

    Square Tile Backsplash Behind Stove
    Square 4-inch tile can be used both for walls and for floors.

    Spaces Images/Getty Images

    Square 4-inch tile has long been the workhorse of tiled kitchens and baths. It is also the smallest tile that has crossover potential, finding its way onto countertops as well as floors.

    Four-inch square tile is found in a host of applications: tiled countertops, backsplashes, showers, tub surrounds. Four-inch square tile is also the smallest tile you find commonly used for floors.

    Four-inch tile is found in ceramic, porcelain, glass, stone, and metal.

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  • 05 of 09

    3-Inch by 6-Inch Classic Subway Tile

    Modern Kitchen With White Subway Tile
    Subway tile is a favorite of kitchen designers for backsplashes.

    David Papazian/Getty Images

    Subway tile is easily identified by its 1:2 aspect ratio (height to width). The smallest size tile that can be called true subway tile is 3 inches high by 6 inches wide.

    Subway tile is used on bathroom walls, kitchen or bathroom backsplashes, showers and tub surrounds. It is rarely, if ever, used as floor tile. 

    Subway tile is most often made of ceramic or porcelain, though sometimes it is made of glass or metal.

  • 06 of 09

    12-Inch Square Tile

    Stone Floor Tile
    12-inch square tile is most commonly used for floor tile.

    Zero Creatives/Getty Images

    Tile measuring 12 inches by 12 inches represents the start of floor tile sizes. This is the smallest tile found in great abundance on floors. Smaller sizes can be found​ but in far fewer numbers. Twelve-inch square tile is a favorite of do-it-yourselfers as it is easy to handle and will fit in most snap tile cutters and wet tile saws.

    Though used mainly on floors, this size of tile is sometimes found on walls.

    Twelve-inch square tile is most often made from ceramic, porcelain, and stone. 

  • 07 of 09

    4-Inch by 24-Inch Plank Tile

    This long, narrow tile is meant to mimic natural wood plank flooring. The smallest size found is usually 4 inches wide by 24 inches long, though widths can go as high as 12 inches.

    While plank tile flooring is intended only for floors, it is sometimes creatively used for accent walls, wainscot, and ​backsplashes.

    Plank tile is only made from ceramic or porcelain.

  • 08 of 09

    12-Inch by 24-Inch Tile

    12 Inch by 24 Inch Marble Tile
    Tile sized at 12 inches by 24 inches is often found as wall tiles.

    R. Tsubin/Getty Images

    These big, rectangular tiles are one of the most popular and fast-selling floor tiles on the market, as they have a look that is considered by many to be more sophisticated than 12-inch square tiles. Often they are found in linen-look textures.

    Tile of this format is most often used for flooring, but it can be used for walls in larger spaces.

    Materials commonly used in this format are ceramic, porcelain, and stone.

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  • 09 of 09

    24-Inch by 24-Inch Tile

    Tile that is 24 inches square is the biggest tile you will find on the residential consumer market. These tiles are so large that they lend a grand, stately look to many residences.

    This tile is almost always used as floor tile.

    Common materials for 24-inch square tile include ceramic, porcelain, and stone.