When tiling your bathroom or kitchen, you want to see beautiful, professional results: the look of an established tile pro, not that of a fledgling do-it-yourselfer. A few simple tips will help you install gorgeous, long-lasting tile on walls and floors.
Use Grout to Your Creative Advantage
If you think of tile grout as merely a filler for tile seams, you might want to think again. Grout can be used to enhance the look of the tile. Dark grout against lighter colored tile gives the room a stark, imposing look. Grout that matches the color of the tile melts away invisibly. Or you might decide to install grout of the same color but slightly darker or lighter.
Use Proper Underlayment
Your tile installation is only as good as the substrate below the tile. A subfloor that flexes or is otherwise unstable will quickly transfer to the tile. Installing cement board is typically a good choice before laying down the tile. Cement boards, each 3 feet wide by 5 feet long, form a solid base for tile and will not expand or contract.
Minimize Tiles Less Than Half-Size
Skinny tiles call attention to themselves since the eye is naturally drawn towards things that are out of the norm. Always try to use cut tiles that are between half- and full-size. Anything less than half-size will only look like a sliver in comparison to other, larger tiles.
One way to fix this is to anticipate the amount of space you have left as you near a wall. If you are a couple of feet from the wall, you can begin to tweak the joints between the tiles ever so slightly that it will be imperceptible to the eye, but will bring you to a final row of half-size or greater tiles.
Employ Symmetry in the Tile Layout
Symmetry pleases the eye and the brain, even on a subconscious level. When a tile layout is asymmetrical, the viewer often knows that something isn't right but cannot put a finger on what exactly the problem is.
If you are setting tile around a kitchen sink, for example, make sure that the tiles bordering the sink are all of the same sizes. Avoid having full-size tiles on one side and half-size tiles on the other size.
The same example applies to a bathroom floor. In this situation, you will want opposite-end wall tiles to be the same size. If one wall has three-quarter-size tiles, the opposite wall should have tiles of the same size.
Minimize Your Tile-Cutting
Even though tile-cutting is an expected part of tiling, avoid it when you can. A great number of small tiles in the tile field can look jumbled and visually chaotic. The more full tiles you can use, the better.
Not only do you improve the look, but you also minimize your work. While using a wet tile saw does ease the burden of tile-cutting over using a rail tile-cutter, it is still a burden that is best minimized.
Place Full Tiles in the Prominent Areas
If at all possible, be sure to tuck the cut tiles away in the less-noticeable areas such as near walls, borders, and under cabinetry overhangs, etc. The center of a bathroom floor or kitchen counter would be the worst place for a cut tile.
Avoid Purchasing Cheap, Low-Quality Tile
While cheap and low-quality don't always go together, they often do. Bargain and clearance tile found on end-aisle displays often is thin or poorly made. Should your sale tile begin to crack over time, one after another, you will find it difficult to remove and replace that tile on a piecemeal basis. Tile is hard to replace. It's one thing to have to paint over poor-quality interior paint or to replace a bad ceiling light; it's quite another thing to find yourself in the position of deciding what to do about 250 square feet of failing tile. Should you keep fixing individual tiles or should you replace the entire floor?
To help avoid that type of problem, buy quality tile from reputable, established tile manufacturers, and be sure to observe proper tile installation techniques. Research the tile thoroughly; most manufacturers on their websites list tile specifications, along with ANSI and ASTM testing standards, which regulate tile strength.