Tropical Fruit Photo Gallery

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    Abiu

    Abiu
    Forest and Kim Starr / Flickr / CC BY 2.0

    Come along on a whimsical photo journey through the wonderful world of tropical fruits. From açaí to tamarind, there's sure to be a fruit for everyone. Learn their origins, basic growing facts, uses and more!

    • Latin name: Pouteria caimito
    • Other names: Luma, caimito, aboi, yellow star apple
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: The Amazon area in South America
    • Fruit: The fruit is round or oval and 1.5" to 4" long. The skin of abiu is yellow and the flesh is white. Each fruit can carry 1 to 4 seeds, and fruit must be fully ripened before using, as it contains latex until the ripened point.
    • Height: Over 30 inches and can reach over 100 inches tall in the right conditions.
    • Hardiness: This is a tropical tree and will be killed if temperatures fall below freezing.
    • Propagation: Abius are grown from seed, grafted or budded.
    • Uses: The abiu is eaten fresh. It can also be used in ice creams, ices, and sorbets.
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  • 02 of 61

    Acai

    Acai
    Ramesh Thadani / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Euterpe oleracea
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: South America
    • Fruit: Dark purple 1" berry. The fruit is produced twice yearly, and each tree may have thousands of fruits yearly.
    • Height: In the wild, the acai palm will grow 40' to 90'. Cultivated varieties are somewhat shorter, especially if grown in pots. The palm will begin producing fruit once it is about 6' tall.
    • Hardiness: Acai can be grown outside when the temperatures are above 70 F year-round in humid locations. Otherwise, these would work well in a greenhouse.​​
    • Propagation: Seeds
    • Uses: Acai juice and pulp is becoming a popular ingredient in health and diet products. The taste is berry-like with hints of chocolate.
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    Acerola

    Acerola
    Thu Thai Thanh / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Malpighia punicifolia
    • Other names: Barbados cherry, West Indian cherry, Cereza, Cerisier, Semeruco, Wild Crapemyrtle
    • Type: Shrub/tree
    • Native to: Central and South America, Caribbean
    • Fruit: The fruits are 1" and bright red. There can be one to three harvests per year, depending on the climate, although warmer is best. Each tree will produce 30 to 60 pounds of fruit.
    • Height: The acerola grows up to 15'.
    • Hardiness: Acerola does not do well in the cold. Full-grown trees can survive rare freezing periods, but they will lose their leaves.
    • Propagation: Seeds, cuttings, grafting
    • Uses: Acerola is often used as a Vitamin C supplement. It is also used in one flavor of Absolut vodka (Absolut Los Angeles) and Tic Tacs. The fruit is tangy and can be sweet or sour. The acerola tree is also a popular choice for bonsai.
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    Ackee

    Ackee Fruit Juice And Smoothie Recipe
    Roderick Chen / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Blighia sapida
    • Other names: Akee, vegetable brain
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: Africa
    • Fruit: The 2" to 4" fruits are an orange-red. The fruit needs to be ripe before eating or it may cause vomiting. Wait until the fruits split open before eating. The fruits are related to longan, lychee, and rambutan.
    • Size: The ackee grows 33' to 40' tall.
    • Hardiness: Mature trees can survive brief freezing periods.
    • Propagation: Seeds, budding, and cuttings
    • Uses: Ackee is the national fruit of Jamaica and part of the national dish "Ackee and Salt Fish". It is said to have a flavor similar to eggs and nuts. In Africa, the ackee is used in soups or fried in oil. In some areas, ackee is used as soap. The ackee is in the Sapindaceae family, which means it contains saponins, a natural detergent. The strong wood is immune to termites and often used in small lumber projects. Medicinal uses include treating parasites, dysentery, headaches, ulcers, epilepsy, eye infections, and pain relief.
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    Banana

    Close-Up Of Bananas
    Praween Pansuppawatt / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Musa spp.
    • Other names: Ornamental banana (Ensete spp.). Also, see finger bananas and plantains.
    • Type: Herb (The world's largest!)
    • Native to: Indo-Malaysia, Australia.
    • Fruit: The standard cultivar sold in the United States is the 'Cavendish'. Bananas may range from 2.5" (finger bananas) to 12" (plantains), with an average size of 6" to 8".
    • Size: Banana trees can be up to 25' tall.
    • Hardiness: The edible bananas do best in zones 9 to 10. There are ornamental varieties that are cold hardy if you want a tropical look for your temperate garden.
    • Propagation: Pups (suckers and plant offshoots).​
    • Uses: Sweet bananas are eaten raw or cooked. Plantains are starchy and should be cooked before eating.
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    Bilimbi

    Bilimbi
    Dethan Punalur / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Averrhoa bilimbi
    • Other names: Cucumber tree, belimbing, tree sorrel
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: Indonesia
    • Fruit: The fruits are 1.5" to 4" long and white to yellow-green when ripe. It is related to the carambola (star fruit).
    • Size: This tree grows 15' to 30' tall.
    • Hardiness: The bilimbi is hardy to the freezing point, 32 F.
    • Propagation: Seeds
    • Uses: Bilimbi is used to flavor fish and meat. It can also be found in drinks and jams. It is too acidic to eat fresh.
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    Black Sapote

    Black Sapote or Chocolate Pudding Fruit
    ThitareeSarmkasat / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Diospyros digyna
    • Other names: Chocolate Pudding Fruit, Caca-poule, black persimmon
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: Southern Mexico
    • Fruit: Black sapotes are 3" to 4" long and green. The black refers to the pulp. It is related to the persimmon.
    • Size: The tree can grow up to 80' tall.
    • Hardiness: As long as the tree is mature, it can survive as low as 28 F.
    • Propagation: Seeds
    • Uses: Black sapote can be eaten raw or used in desserts.
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    Brazilian Cherry

    Pitanga
    Martha MGR / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Eugenia uniflora
    • Other names: Pitanga, Surinam Cherry, Cayenne Cherry
    • Type: Shrub/tree
    • Native to: South America​
    • Fruit: The 1" lobed fruits are red-black when ripe.
    • Size: Grows as large as 25' tall​
    • Hardiness: When the Brazilian cherry tree is fully mature, it can survive down to 22 F.
    • Propagation: Seeds
    • Uses: Brazilian cherry can be eaten fresh or made into jams and jellies.
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    Breadfruit

    Breadfruit
    Oliver Strewe / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Artocarpus altilis
    • Other names: Breadnut (seeded kind)
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: Malaysia, Indonesia, South Pacific
    • Fruit: The yellow-green, round fruit is up to 8" in diameter. It is closely related to jackfruit and marang. The fig tree is a distant relative.
    • Size: The breadfruit tree can be as tall as 90'.
    • Hardiness: The optimal temperature for growth is between 60 to 95 F.​​
    • Propagation: Suckers, root cuttings. The breadfruit is seedless.
    • Uses: Just before the breadfruit ripens, it can be used as a vegetable. Once it is ripe, it is used in a wide variety of dishes.
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    Cacao

    Cacao tree
    Cyrielle Beaubois / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Theobroma cacao
    • Other names: Chocolate, cocoa
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: Central and South America
    • Fruit: The large brown pods are 5" to 12" long and 3" to 5" wide.
    • Size: The cacao tree is small, about 10' to 20' tall.
    • Hardiness: This fruit can only be grown in a tropical location. It will perish if temperatures are below 40 F or above 100 F.
    • Propagation: Fresh seeds
    • Uses: Almost all of us are familiar with the main use of cacao for chocolate. It is also the source of cocoa butter, and some eat it fresh.
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    Carambola

    star fruit in a bowl
    Narintorn Pornsuknimitkul / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Averrhoa carambola
    • Other names: Star fruit
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: Likely Ceylon and the Moluccas
    • Fruit: The star-shaped carambola is 2.5" to 6" long and orange-yellow when ripe. It is a relative of the bilimbi.
    • Size: This tree grows from 20' to 30' tall.
    • Hardiness: The carambola can grow in zones 10 to 11.
    • Propagation: Grafting is preferred since the tree fruits much earlier (in 1 year) than in the four to six years it can take for a tree, from seeds, to bear fruit.
    • Uses: The carambola is used in fruit salads and desserts for its star shape. It can also be eaten fresh.
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    Carob

    Carob pods and seeds
    victoriya89 / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Ceratonia siliqua
    • Other names: St. John's Bread
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: Mediterranean region
    • Fruit: The 4" to 12" pods are brown and contain 10 to 13 seeds. A distant relative is tamarind.
    • Size: The carob tree is usually 30' to 50' tall.
    • Hardiness: Can grow in zones 9 to 10, 8 with protection
    • Propagation: Seeds. This tree is dioecious and both male and female trees will be needed.
    • Uses: Carob is lower in fat than cacao, and it is often used as a chocolate substitute. Extracts from the seeds can also be used as thickeners in cooking. In Germany, a coffee substitute is made from the carob seeds. In ancient times, the carob seed was used to measure the worth of gems and gold since the seeds have a general uniform weight. This is where the word "karat" comes from.
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    Cashew Apple

    Cashew apples
    Philippe Lissac / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Anacardium occidentale
    • Other names: Marañon, Merey, Caju, Cajueiro
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: Brazil
    • Fruit: The true fruit is the gray nut (drupe) on top. The apple-like bottom portion is a swollen stalk, a false fruit also known as a pseudofruit, accessory, or receptacle. The cashew is related to the mango and both belong to the sumac family. The shell of the cashew is toxic, thus special roasting and shelling procedures must be followed for safety.
    • Size: The tree grows 35' to 40' tall.
    • Hardiness: Cashews will be severely damaged if the temperatures fall below freezing.
    • Propagation: By seed, budding and air-layering.
    • Uses: The cashew nut can be used after special processing. The cashew apple can be eaten fresh, juiced, preserved in syrup or dried. The juice contains tannin, which should be removed to prevent possible nutritional deficiencies. The cashew apple is used in some countries to treat a sore throat, dysentery, rheumatism, neuralgia, and as a diuretic.
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    Cherimoya

    cherimoya halved
    MirageC / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Annona cherimola
    • Other names: Custard Apple, Chirimoya, Chirimolla
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: Peru, Ecuador, and Colombia
    • Fruit: The cherimoya is large, green and heart-shaped and is often between 4" to 8" long and up to 5 pounds. It is generally described as having a pineapple or banana flavor. Mark Twain once declared it, "The most delicious fruit known to man." The cherimoya is related to the custard apple, guanabana, and sweetsop.
    • Size: The cherimoya tree grows over 30' tall.
    • Hardiness: Can be grown in zones 10 through 11
    • Propagation: Seeds
    • Uses: The cherimoya is eaten fresh.
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    Citrus Fruit

    Citrus fruits
    ch_ch / Twenty20
    • Latin name: Citrus spp. and Kumquat, the latter which is very closely related and has been given the genus Fortunella spp.
    • Type: Shrub/tree
    • Native to: Tropical and subtropical
    • Fruit: The citrus fruits come in all sizes and shapes. There are about 14 common types of citrus found in U.S. stores.
    • Size: Citrus can grow on large shrubs or trees. The size will vary by species.
    • Hardiness: Many kinds of citrus can grow in zones 9 through 11.
    • Propagation: Seeds, grafting
    • Uses: Citrus can be eaten fresh or used in cooking. Some are too acidic to eat fresh. Citrus fruits are quite rich in Vitamin C and were used by sailors to ward off scurvy. Orange oil is used in many cleaning products.
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    Coconut Palm

    Low Angle View Of Coconuts Growing On Palm Tree
    Chatuporn Sornlampoo / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Cocos nucifera
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: Unknown. The coconut palm can still germinate after months floating in the ocean, so it is difficult to determine the origin.
    • Fruit: The coconut we know is actually the seed of a drupe, similar to the pit of a nectarine or cherry. The outside is covered in fibrous layers. Coir, which used in gardening, is taken from these outer layers.
    • Size: The coconut palm tree is 20' to 50' tall under cultivation, and can reach as tall as 100' in the wild.
    • Hardiness: Zones 10 through 11. Coconut palm trees are very tropical and cannot tolerate frost. It will also die if exposed to degrees under 50 F for too long.
    • Propagation: Seed. It will take five to six months before it will germinate.
    • Uses: A hole can be cracked in the coconut and the milk can be consumed fresh. The inside white meat, copra, is used in a multitude of recipes. Oil can be extracted for many uses.
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    Coffee Tree

    Coffee tree
    Jrme Servais / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Almost all commercial coffee is made from Coffea arabica, the "Arabian coffee". Coffea canephora is also used to produce the "robust coffee".
    • Type: Shrub/tree​
    • Native to: Coffea arabica: Ethiopia; Coffea canephora: Liberia to Congo.
    • Fruit: The red fruits are berries. The two seeds inside are roasted to become the familiar coffee bean.
    • Size: The coffee tree will grow, on average, to 10' to 20' tall.
    • Hardiness: Coffee is commercially grown in Hawaii and Puerto Rico as it is too cold elsewhere in the U.S.
    • Propagation: Arabica: seeds; Robust: cuttings.
    • Uses: Most coffee beans are used for coffee drinks, though some are used as flavorings. Coffee trees produce the second-largest commodity product in the world.
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    Custard Apple

    Custard Apple fruit
    www.jethuynh.com / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Annona reticulata
    • Other names: Bullock's Heart. The name custard apple is used for several related fruits. Relatives include the cherimoya, atemoya, soursop, and sweetsop.
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: Caribbean region
    • Fruit: The brown or red fruits are 3" to 5" long and contain many seeds. The flavor is usually not considered as good as its relatives.
    • Size: The custard apple tree grows to 20' to 35' tall.
    • Hardiness: Zones 10 through 11.
    • Propagation: Seeds, air layering and grafting.
    • Uses: The custard apple is eaten fresh.
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    Date Palm

    date palm tree
    clearandtransparent / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Phoenix dactylifera
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: Persian Gulf in the Middle East
    • Fruit: The date palm is dioecious. Both male and female plants are needed to produce the 1" to 3" brown fruits (drupes).
    • Size: The trees used commercially grow to 30' tall. In the wild, they can reach 60-100' tall.
    • Hardiness: Zones 8 through 10.
    • Propagation: Suckers
    • Uses: Dates can be eaten fresh or made into pastes, juices, and syrups.
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    Dragon Fruit

    Dragon fruit on white wooden table
    0livia / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Hylocereus undatus
    • Other names: Pitahaya, dragon fruit, strawberry pear, pitaya
    • Type: Cactus
    • Native to: Central America
    • Fruit: The pink, round, scaled fruit can be up to 5" long. The flesh inside can be white or magenta. Other pitaya species may have golden skin and flesh. There are numerous tiny black seeds.
    • Size: The cactus vines can be up to 20' long.
    • Hardiness: Zones 10 through 11.
    • Propagation: Seeds or stem cuttings
    • Uses: The dragon fruit is usually eaten fresh and chilled. It can also be used to flavor desserts.
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    Durian

    Durian fruit
    Westend61 / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Durio zibethinus
    • Other names: Civet fruit
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: Malaysia and Borneo
    • Fruit: The oval, spiny fruits are 6" to 12" long and can weigh up to 18 pounds. The fruit is known as the "king of fruits" in Asia. People usually either love it for its nutty, caramel flavor or hate it due to its intensely unpleasant smell. Some businesses even ban the consumption of the fruit indoors.
    • Size: 90' to 130' tall
    • Hardiness: The durian is quite tropical and will be killed if the temperatures drop below 40 F.
    • Propagation: Grafting and seeds
    • Uses: The durian is mostly eaten fresh. It is also used in various desserts.
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    Feijoa

    fresh feijoa fruit
    dvulikaia / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Feijoa sellowiana
    • Other names: Pineapple guava, guavasteen
    • Type: Shrub/tree
    • Native to: Southern Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay
    • Fruit: Feijoa fruits are 0.75" to 3.5" long with green and blue-green waxy skin. The fruit tastes like combinations of guava, pineapple, strawberry, and mint. Both the flowers and fruit have a strong, pleasant scent.
    • Size: The feijoa can grow 15' to 25' tall.
    • Hardiness: Zones 8 through 11.
    • Propagation: Seeds, which may take weeks to germinate.
    • Uses: The feijoa is often eaten fresh but is also used in many desserts
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    Fig Tree

    Close-Up Of Figs Growing On Tree
    Hilary Brodey / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Ficus carica
    • Other names: Higo, figue, feige, fico
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: Western Asia
    • Fruit: The fig is a type of fruit called a syconium. The thick skin can range from green to brown, to purple. The pulp inside has the texture of jelly. The fig is distantly related to breadfruit, jackfruit, and marang.
    • Size: 10' to 30' tall, sometimes up to 50' tall
    • Hardiness: Zones 8 through 10. There are varieties that can be grown as low as zone 5.
    • Propagation: Cuttings
    • Uses: Figs can be eaten fresh, dried, and used in desserts.
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    Finger Bananas

    Lady finger bananas
    Maximilian Stock Ltd / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Musa spp.
    • Other names: Lady finger banana
    • Type: Herb
    • Native to: Indo-Malaysia, Australia.​
    • Fruit: Finger bananas are smaller (2.5" long) and sweeter than the standard banana.​
    • Size: The finger banana variety grows to 15' tall.​
    • Hardiness: Zone 9 through 10​
    • Propagation: Pups (suckers and plant offshoots).​
    • Uses: Finger bananas can be eaten fresh or used in desserts.
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    Fuchsia

    Fuchsia
    sasaforking / Pixabay
    • Latin name: Fuchsia spp.
    • Other names: Sometimes misspelled as fuschia or fushia
    • Type: Shrub/tree
    • Native to: South America, New Zealand, Tahiti​
    • Fruit: The fruits are usually 0.25" to 1" long. They are red or purple berries.​
    • Size: Most are shrubs from 4' to 13' tall.
    • Hardiness: Zones 6 through 9 that should be protected from frosts.
    • Propagation: Seeds, cuttings
    • Uses: Fuchsia fruits can be eaten fresh but can be tart. They are sometimes made into jams and jellies.
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    Grosella

    Grosella
    Pezibear / Pixabay
    • Latin name: Phyllanthus acidus
    • Other names: Otaheite gooseberry, Amlak, Gooseberry tree, Malay gooseberry, Cermai
    • Type: Shrub/tree
    • Native to: Madagascar
    • Fruit: Each 0.75" fruit is green and round. They are drupes, having one seed (pit).
    • Size: It can grow 5' to 30' tall.
    • Hardiness: Zones 10 through 11. It can handle some light frost with protection.
    • Propagation: Seeds, budding, cuttings, air-layering
    • Uses: The grosella fruits are generally too sour to eat but can be cooked for use in drinks, sauces, and jellies. It will turn bright red when cooked.
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    Guanabana

    hand holding soursop fruit
    Mat Thatcher / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Annona muricata
    • Other names: Soursop, graviola
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: West Indies
    • Fruit: The green, heart-shaped fruit is covered in soft spines. It is 4" to 12" long and can weigh as much as 10 to 15 pounds. It is related to the cherimoya, custard apple, and sweetsop.
    • Size: This tree grows to 25' to 30' tall.
    • Hardiness: In the U.S. guanabana can only be grown in Southern Florida, Hawaii and Puerto Rico.
    • Propagation: Seeds, grafting and budding
    • Uses: The guanabana is made into ice cream, sherbet, and drinks. Some varieties do not have fiber and can be eaten fresh. It is high in vitamins B1, B2, and C.
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    Guava

    Guava
    Urs Flueeler / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Psidium guajava
    • Other names: Guayaba
    • Type: Shrub/tree
    • Native to: Southern Mexico, Central America
    • Fruit: The 2" to 4" are round with light yellow or green skin. They have a very strong, sweet smell. The pulp inside can be white, yellow, or light/dark pink.
    • Size: The standard size is 10' to 15' tall, though it can grow as high as 30' tall.
    • Hardiness: Zones 9 through 11
    • Propagation: Seeds, grafting, air-layering, and root cuttings
    • Uses: The guava can be eaten fresh or used in drinks, desserts, and more foods.
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    Jaboticaba

    Jaboticaba
    NNehring / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Myrciaria spp. There are four species whose fruit is called jaboticaba.
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, and Northern Argentina
    • Fruit: The round jaboticaba fruits range in size from 0.25" to 1.5". They can range in color from green to dark purple. The pulp inside is white or pink.
    • Size: These trees grow from 10' to 40' tall.
    • Hardiness: Zones 9b through 11
    • Propagation: Grafting and seeds. Trees from seed can take up to 15 years to start producing fruit, so grafting is preferred.
    • Uses: The jaboticaba is eaten fresh or made into jellies, jams, and juices. They should be peeled to lessen the amount of tannin.
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    Jackfruit

    jackfruit against white background
    Lee Chee Keong / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Artocarpus heterophyllus
    • Other names: Jakfruit
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: Indian and Southeastern Asian rainforests.
    • Fruit: The jackfruit is the largest edible tree fruit in the world. It is 1' to 2' long and can weigh as much as 75 pounds. The spiky skin is yellow-green. The pulp inside is yellow. The jackfruit will sometimes have an unpleasant smell. The jackfruit is related to the breadfruit and the marang. A distant relative is the fig tree.
    • Size: The tree can grow over 90' tall.
    • Hardiness: Zones 9b through 11​
    • Propagation: Seeds (which can take up to 8 weeks for germination). Grafting is also used.
    • Uses: The jackfruit is often eaten fresh or used in food dishes. The seeds are also edible and may be boiled or roasted.
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    Jujube

    Jujube fruit
    Sino Images / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Ziziphus jujuba
    • Other names: Chinese Date
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: China
    • Fruit: The red drupes are about 1" to 2.5" long, depending on the cultivar chosen. Jujube can have a taste similar to apples or dates, depending on how ripe they are.
    • Size: The jujube tree can reach 40' tall.
    • Hardiness: Zones 5 through 10. The jujube has a surprising tolerance to some cold.
    • Propagation: Grafting, budding, seeds
    • Uses: Jujubes can be eaten fresh, dried, or used as an ingredient in desserts.
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    Kei Apple

    Kei apple (Dovyalis caffra), umkokola. tropical fruit
    vainillaychile / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Dovyalis caffra
    • Other names: Umkokola, amaqokolo, umkola
    • Type: Shrub/small tree
    • Native to: Africa
    • Fruit: Kei apple plants are dioecious and often require both male and female shrubs. Sometimes fruit may be produced without pollination (parthenogenesis). The fruits are yellow, 1" to 1.5" and round, and are abundantly produced on the branches.
    • Size: The Kei apple grows to 30' tall.
    • Hardiness: Zones 9 through 11​
    • Propagation: Seeds, hormone-treated hardwood cuttings
    • Uses: The fruit is a great source of Vitamin C. It is often too tart to eat fresh, though some eat it with sugar. It is used to make jellies and desserts. Care should be taken when planting a kei apple as it has allelopathic effects on other plants.
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    Kiwi Fruit

    Kiwi fruit
    Michael Pole / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Actinidia deliciosa
    • Other names: Fuzzy-skinned kiwi, Chinese gooseberry
    • Type: Woody vine​
    • Native to: China (it was introduced to New Zealand by missionaries).
    • Fruit: The oval fruits (up to 2.5" long) have fuzzy brown skin. The inside is often a bright green color, though it can also be yellow, brown or off-white. The kiwi fruit is dioecious and both male and female plants will be needed for fruit.
    • Size: The woody vines can be as long as 30'. They should have support, such as a fence or trellis.
    • Hardiness: Zones 8 through 10
    • Propagation: Seeds, cuttings
    • Uses: Many kiwi fruits are eaten fresh. They are also used for drinks, desserts, and flavors. They are a good source of nutrients, being high in Vitamins A, C and E. They are also a good source of potassium.
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    Longan

    Longan fruit
    Norman Hollands / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Dimocarpus longana, Euphoria longana
    • Other names: Dragon's eye
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: China
    • Fruit: The 1" longan fruits have a thin, leathery skin that is very easily removed. Inside, white pulp surrounds a single black seed. The longan is related to the ackee, lychee, and rambutan.
    • Size: The longan tree can grow to 40' tall.
    • Hardiness: Zones 9 through 11
    • Propagation: Seeds, air-layering
    • Uses: The longan fruit is usually eaten fresh and is also used in many desserts and drinks.
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    Loquat

    Loquat
    masahiro Makin / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Eriobotrya japonica
    • Other names: Japanese plum, Japanese medlar
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: China and Japan
    • Fruit: The 1" to 2" yellow/orange fruits grow in clusters. The skin can be either smooth or fuzzy. The flesh inside is either white, yellow or orange.​
    • Size: The loquat tree grows 20' to 30' tall.
    • Hardiness: Zone 7 through 11
    • Propagation: Grafting, seeds
    • Uses: Loquats can be eaten fresh or used in desserts. If they are picked just before ripening, they will have enough pectin to make jelly.
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    Lychee

    Lychee fruit
    Pierre-Yves Babelon / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Litchi chinensis
    • Other names: Litchi
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: China
    • Fruit: The 1" to 1.5" pink/red lychees are borne in clusters of four to 50 fruits. The outer skin can be easily removed, revealing white flesh surrounding one brown seed.
    • Size: The lychee tree grows 20' to 40' tall, and up to 100' tall in the wild. Lychee is related to ackee, longan, and rambutan.
    • Hardiness: Zones 9 through 11
    • Propagation: Air-layering, grafting, and seeds (will not be true to cultivar).
    • Uses: Lychee can be eaten fresh, dried, or used in desserts.
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    Mamey

    Mamey fruits
    Enrique Monterrubio / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Mammea americana
    • Other names: Mammee, mamey apple, mamey de Santo Domingo, abricote, abricot d'Amerique
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: Caribbean, Central America, and Northern South America
    • Fruit: Mamey is 4" to 8" brown-skinned berry. The orange pulp inside has a strong, pleasant smell and tastes like apricots or berries.
    • Size: The mamey tree can reach 75' tall.
    • Hardiness: Zones 9b through 11
    • Propagation: Seeds
    • Uses: Mamey is often eaten fresh, either alone or in salads. It is also made into many desserts such as ice cream.
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    Mango

    Mango
    Elizabeth Fernandez / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Mangifera indica
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: Southern Asia
    • Fruit: The 2" to 9" mango fruits have a skin that is either green or yellow/red when ripe, based on the variety. The mango is related to the cashew apple, both of which are in the sumac family. The mango skin can cause allergic attacks in some people.
    • Size: The mango tree can grow to 75' tall.
    • Hardiness: Zone 10 through 11
    • Propagation: Grafting. Seeds can work, but will not be true to variety.
    • Uses: Mango is eaten fresh, usually after peeling, as the skin is toxic for some people. It is also used in a wide variety of dishes.
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    Mangosteen

    Mangosteens
    Carlina Teteris / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Garcinia mangostana
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: Malay peninsula
    • Fruit: The mangosteen is 1.33" to 3" wide with purple skin. Inside are four to eight segments of white pulp. Many call this the most delicious fruit of all and name it as the "queen of fruits".
    • Size: The mangosteen tree grows 20' to 82' tall.
    • Hardiness: Zone 11
    • Propagation: Mangosteens are difficult to propagate. They reproduce asexually as the "seeds" are a kind of embryo instead of a true seed. They should be planted right after removal from the fruit. Other methods of propagation usually do not work.
    • Uses: Mangosteen is called the "Queen of Fruits", and is said by many to be the most delicious fruit of all. The mangosteen is usually eaten fresh. It is said to have many health benefits but research is inconclusive.
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    Marang

    Buah Tarap or Artocarpus odoratissimus
    photograph by dorisj / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Artocarpus odoratissimus
    • Other names: Tarap, Johey oak
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: Borneo, Phillipines
    • Fruit: The marang is yellow-brown, 6" to 8" long and covered with spines that harden as it ripens. The flesh inside is white. The fruit, as the Latin name suggests, smells pleasant. The marang is related to the breadfruit and jackfruit and is distantly related to the fig tree.
    • Size: The marang tree grows about 80' tall.
    • Hardiness: Zones 10 through 11
    • Propagation: Seeds
    • Uses: The marang is eaten fresh. The seeds can be boiled or roasted.
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    Miracle Fruit

    Miracle fruit
    tang90246 / Getty Images

      ↵

    • Latin name: Synsepalum dulcificum
    • Other names: Miracle berry
    • Type: Shrub/small Tree
    • Native to: West Africa
    • Fruit: The 1" red berry has no taste. It is eaten for its effect on the taste buds.
    • Size: The miracle fruit can grow to 15' tall.
    • Hardiness: Zone 10 through 11
    • Propagation: Fresh seeds
    • Uses: The miracle fruit is in high demand because of a curious property it possesses. When it is eaten, the taste buds are changed. Sour and bitter fruits can be eaten and they will taste sweet. The effect lasts anywhere from 30 minutes to 2 hours or more. In Japan, the miracle fruit is made into tablets that can be eaten with sour or bitter foods. They say it is a way that diabetics can have sweet foods without the sugar.
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    Monstera

    Monstera deliciosa (banana ananas or ceriman)
    John Lawson / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Monstera deliciosa
    • Other names: Windowleaf, ceriman, split-leaf philodendron, monstera, Mexican breadfruit, Swiss cheese plant
    • Type: Perennial
    • Native to: Central America
    • Fruit: The 8" to 10" monstera is covered in green hexagonal "tiles" that will fall off when it is ripe. The fruit needs at least 1 year to ripen. Until then it contains too much oxalic acid, which is quite harmful. The flavor is described as a combination of banana, pineapple, and mango.
    • Size: The monstera can grow over 40' tall.
    • Hardiness: Outside, zones 10-11. It is a popular houseplant in other zones.
    • Propagation: Cuttings, seeds
    • Uses: It can be eaten fresh or used in ice creams and drinks.
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    Mysore Raspberry

    Mysore Raspberry
    Forest and Kim Starr / Flickr
    • Latin name: Rubus neveus
    • Type: Shrub/bramble
    • Native to: India and Myanmar​
    • Fruit: The 0.5" to 0.75" dark purple fruits are a type of fruit called aggregate drupes. In the botanical world, all raspberries and blackberries are not true berries.
    • Size: The Mysore raspberry grows 8' to 15', taller than the common raspberry.
    • Hardiness: A full-grown shrub can survive temperatures as low as 20 F or even a bit lower. This is a tropical raspberry that is able to grow in higher heats than the common raspberry.
    • Propagation: Seeds (can take some time to germinate), cuttings
    • Uses: The Mysore raspberry can be eaten fresh and be used in many desserts.
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    Natal Plum

    Natal plums
    Inga Spence / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Carissa macrocarpa
    • Type: Shrub
    • Native to: South Africa​
    • Fruit: Natal plums are 2" red berries.​
    • Size: The natal plum shrubs grow 2' to 8' tall.​
    • Hardiness: Zones 9 through 11. Use protection in Zone 9 winters. It will usually come back in Zone 9 if it freezes.​
    • Propagation: Cuttings, seeds​
    • Uses: The natal plum can be made into jams and jellies.
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    Noni

    Noni
    olovedog / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Morinda citrifolia
    • Other names: Indian mulberry
    • Type: Shrub/tree
    • Native to: Southeast Asia, South Pacific
    • Fruit: The 4" to 5" white fruits have white, smelly pulp.
    • Size: The noni grows 10' to 20' tall.
    • Hardiness: Needs a tropical location. Can withstand 35 F to 40 F temperatures for short periods.
    • Propagation: Seed
    • Uses: The noni is used in a variety of juices and nutritional products for its medicinal properties. Some are scientifically proven, with many others unproven.
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    Papaya

    Sliced papaya
    Westend61 / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Carica papaya
    • Other names: Tree melon. In Australia, it is called pawpaw, though it is not the same as the pawpaw found in the U.S. and elsewhere.
    • Type: Tree-like herb
    • Native to: Central America
    • Fruit: Hawaiian papayas have yellow skin when ripe and orange or pink flesh, while Mexican papayas have green skin and can have yellow, orange or pink flesh. Mexican papayas are much larger than the Hawaiian papayas and can be over 15" long. The seeds are edible.
    • Size: The papaya plant grows 10' to 12' tall.
    • Hardiness: Zones 9 through 11
    • Propagation: Seeds, cuttings
    • Uses: Papaya can be eaten fresh or used in many kinds of foods. The fruit and leaves contain papain, which can be used to tenderize meat.
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    Passion Fruit

    Passion fruit
    Michael Grimm / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Passiflora edulis, Passiflora edulis 'flavicarpa' (lilikoi)
    • Other names: Lilikoi, granadilla, purple granadilla, yellow passion fruit
    • Type: Vine
    • Native to: South America
    • Fruit: The fruit is 1.5" to 3" long with a tough purple or yellow skin, and bright orange pulp. The yellow variety (Passiflora edulis 'flavicarpa') is called lilikoi. The lilikoi is larger and tarter.
    • Size: The vines can grow 15' to 20' a year (average life: five to seven years) and should be supported with a fence or trellis.
    • Hardiness: Zones 8 through 10
    • Propagation: Seeds, which can take weeks-months to germinate.
    • Uses: The fruit can be eaten fresh or used in a variety of drinks and desserts.
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    Pepino Melon

    Pepino melon
    Michael Davis / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Solanum muricatum
    • Other names: Pepino melon, pepino dulce, melon pear​
    • Type: Subshrub
    • Native to: Andes mountains
    • Fruit: The fruit is 2" to 5" long and shaped like an egg. It is a cream color with purple streaks. The pepino is related to fruits like the tomato, pepper, potato, and tamarillo.
    • Size: The pepino grows 4' to 6' tall.
    • Hardiness: Zones 9 through 11
    • Propagation: Seeds, cuttings
    • Uses: Pepino is usually eaten fresh. It has a taste similar to melons, which is why they can be called pepino melon.
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    Pineapple

    Pineapple
    biffspandex / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Ananas comosus
    • Other names: Pineapple, Ananas, Nanas, Pina
    • Type: Bromeliad
    • Native to: Brazil and Paraguay
    • Fruit: The pineapples, up to 12" long, are what is called a multiple or compound fruit. It is made up of many smaller fruits that have fused together. Make sure the pineapple is ripe before eating as it is poisonous when immature.
    • Size: The pineapple plant is 2' to 5' tall.
    • Hardiness: Zones 9 through 11. Can be a houseplant in other zones.
    • Propagation: Suckers. You can also cut off the top of the pineapple and plant it.
    • Uses: The fruit is used fresh or in a variety of foods. The pineapple plant and fruit contain bromelain, which can be used as a meat tenderizer. The bromelain is also an anti-inflammatory, so you may eat fresh pineapple before dental work or surgeries to reduce swelling.
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    Plantain

    Plantain
    StockFood / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Musa spp.
    • Other names: Platano. There is also an unrelated family of herbs/weeds (Plantago) that are called plantains.
    • Type: Herb
    • Native to: Indo-Malaysia, Australia​
    • Fruit: The plantain is the largest banana, at up to 12" long. They also have thicker skins which will turn brown/black when ripe.​
    • Hardiness: Zones 9 through 10​
    • Propagation: Pups (suckers and plant offshoots)​
    • Uses: The plantain is much starchier than the standard banana and is used in cooking, often as a vegetable.
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    Pomegranate

    Pomegranate
    Canan Czemmel / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Punica granatum
    • Other names: Granada. Misspelled as pomegranate
    • Type: Shrub
    • Native to: Middle East/India​
    • Fruit: The pomegranate is 2" to 5" wide with a leathery, red skin. Inside are white, spongy compartments, each containing the red pulp. Inside the pulp is one hard seed.​
    • Size: The size ranges from 3' to 20' depending on the variety chosen. The dwarf pomegranate shrubs are good patio plants.​
    • Hardiness: Zones 7 through 10​
    • Propagation: Seeds, cuttings, grafting​
    • Uses: The seeds and pulp are eaten fresh. They can also be made into juices, desserts and other dishes. Syrup made from pomegranates is called grenadine. The pomegranate is also used for its nutritional and medicinal properties.
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    Rambutan

    Rambutan in natural conditions on a beautiful tropical background. Exotic fruits
    Mariana Mikhailova / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Nephelium lappaceum
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: Malaysia
    • Fruit: The fruit is 1" wide. The red skin is covered in soft, hairy spines. The skin slips off very easily to reveal white pulp surrounding one brown seed. The texture and flavor are reminiscent of a sweet grape. It is related to the ackee, longan, and lychee. 
    • Size: The rambutan tree grows 50-80' tall.
    • Hardiness: Zone 11. It is not frost-hardy at all.
    • Propagation: Air-layering, seeds
    • Uses: Rambutans are eaten fresh and in desserts
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    Rose Apple

    Rose apples
    John & Lisa Merrill / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Syzygium malaccense. The name "Rose apple" may refer to any number of Syzygium fruits
    • Other names: Jambu, Malay apple, Mountain apple, and many more. Varies by species.
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: Malaysia
    • Fruit: The 2" to 4" fruits are red and bell-shaped. The flesh inside is white. There may be one to two seeds, or it may be seedless, depending on the variety.
    • Size: The rose apple tree can grow over 60' tall.
    • Hardiness: Zone 11
    • Propagation: Seeds, cuttings
    • Uses: Rose apples are eaten fresh or used in wines.
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    Salak

    Salak
    simonlong / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Salacca zalacca, Salacca edulis
    • Other names: Snake fruit
    • Type: Palm tree
    • Native to: Java and Sumatra
    • Fruit: The salak is a 2" fruit with brown scaly skin, earning it the name "snake fruit" The skin peels away easily to reveal white lobed flesh. The seed is inedible.
    • Size: The salak palm tree grows 12' to 20' tall.
    • Hardiness: Zone 10b through 11
    • Propagation: Seeds
    • Uses: The salak can be eaten fresh or preserved.
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    Santol

    sliced santol fruit on wooden background
    kwanchaichaiudom / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Sandorium koetjape
    • Other names: Sentul, kechapi, lolly fruit
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: Cambodia, Laos​, and Malaysia
    • Fruit: The round 2" fruits have a tough brown skin. There are 5 segments inside of the white pulp.
    • Size: The santol tree grows anywhere from 50' to 150' tall.
    • Hardiness: Zone 10 through 11
    • Propagation: Seeds, air-layering
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    Sapodilla

    sapodilla plum or chiko on the tree with green leaves
    Oat_Phawat / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Manilkara zapota
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: Yucatan, Guatemala, and Belize
    • Fruit: The sapodilla is 2" to 4", has brown skin, and can be round or oval, depending on the variety. The flesh inside can be varying shades of brown. It is said to taste like a mix of brown sugar and root beer.
    • Size: The sapodilla tree grows 60' to 100' tall.
    • Hardiness: Zone 10b through 11
    • Propagation: Seeds, grafting
    • Uses: The sapodilla is eaten fresh. It also contains chicle, a latex that used to be used in chewing gum.
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    Star Apple

    Star apples
    Nigel Noyes / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Chrysophyllum cainito
    • Other names: Goldenleaf tree, caimito
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: Carribean and Central America
    • Fruit: There are two varieties of star apple. Both are 2" long. One has purple skin and pulp. The other has green skin and white pulp.
    • Size: The tree grows 25' to 100' tall.
    • Hardiness: The star apple is quite tropical and only grows well in southern Florida, on the Florida Keys and Hawaii.
    • Propagation: Seeds, grafting, budding
    • Uses: Star apples are eaten fresh or used in drinks, salads, and desserts.
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    Sweetsop

    Sweetsop- sugar apple
    Jean Hosking / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Annona squamosa
    • Other names: Sugar apple
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: Central America or the West Indies.
    • Fruit: The 2" to 4" long fruit has creamy skin and pulp. The sweetsop is related to the cherimoya, custard apple, and guanabana.
    • Size: The sugar apple tree grows 15' to 25' tall.
    • Hardiness: Zone 10 through 11
    • Propagation: Seeds, budding, grafting
    • Uses: The sweetsop is eaten fresh or used in drinks.
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    Tamarillo

    Pair of Tamarillo fruit
    PeterJSeager / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Cyphomandra betacea
    • Other Names: Tree tomato
    • Type: Shrub/tree
    • Native to: Andes, Peru, and Chile
    • Fruit: The fruits are oval, 2" 4" long and come in shades of purple, red, yellow and orange. The tamarillo is related to peppers, pepino, potatoes, and tomatoes.
    • Size: The tamarillo can grow up to 20' tall.
    • Hardiness: Zones 10 through 11
    • Propagation: Seeds, grafting
    • Uses: The tamarillo is eaten fresh, made into drinks, or used in many dishes. You can use it generally like a tomato.
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    Tamarind

    Tamarind
    Roderick Chen / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Tamarindus indica
    • Other names: Tamarindo
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: Northern Africa
    • Fruit: The 3" to 8" brown pods are filled with sticky brown pulp. The tamarind is distantly related to carob.
    • Size: The tamarind tree grows up to 80' tall.
    • Hardiness: Zones 9b through 11
    • Propagation: Seeds, grafting, budding, air-layering
    • Uses: Tamarind is usually used as a flavoring for drinks and desserts. It can also be eaten fresh if desired.
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    Asian Pear

    Asian Pear
    pjohnson1 / Getty Images
    • Latin name: Pyrus pyrifolia
    • Other names: Nashi pear, Japanese pear, Korean pear, Taiwan Pear, sand pear, apple pear, bapple, papple, nashipati, nashpati and bae
    • Type: Tree
    • Native to: China
    • Fruit: The round pome fruits are around 3" and brown.
    • Size: The Asian pear grows 30' to 40' tall.
    • Hardiness: The Asian pear can be grown in zones 5 through 9.
    • Propagation: Budding and grafting
    • Uses: The Asian pear is crisp like an apple with the taste of a slightly tart pear. It can be eaten raw or cooked.