01 of 06
Tunisian Knit Stitch Picture Tutorial
Don't let the name fool you. The Tunisian knit stitch isn't actually knitted; it's a crochet stitch. We call it the knit stitch because it looks like stockinette stitch (AKA stocking stitch) in knitting.
This tutorial will teach you how to work the Tunisian knit stitch, which is a handy stitch to know if you'd like your crochet work to resemble knitting.
Table of Contents for This Tutorial:
Page 1: Tunisian knit stitch introduction and picture
Page 2: Tunisian crochet base row for working Tunisian... knit stitch
Page 3: Tunisian knit stitch return / reverse / return pass
Page 4: Working the knit stitches in Tunisian crochet
Page 5: Working more rows of Tunisian knit stitch
Page 6: Resources for learning more about Tunisian crochet
If you aren't already experienced with Tunisian crochet, you may also wish to learn how to hold a Tunisian crochet hook.
Practice This Crochet Stitch:
Once you've learned this stitch, be sure to check out a couple of fun projects you can use for practicing it.
This faux knit and crochet dishcloth pattern is a free crochet pattern that utilizes the Tunisian knit stitch plus the single crochet stitch. The result is a dishcloth that's crocheted but looks knitted.
The dishcloth is a good first project for people who have never tried this stitch before -- because it is basically just a rectangular piece of the knit stitch fabric, with an edging added. It's an easy project.
This faux knit headband is a stylish project that you can use as an ear warmer, or you could also use it for keeping your hair tidy and off your face.
See a Colorful Example:
I've posted another photo of the Tunisian knit stitch featuring variegated yarn. One of the best things about the Tunisian knit stitch: it usually looks absolutely gorgeous when worked in even the craziest of variegated yarn colors. Please keep in mind that I do suggest using a light-colored, solid yarn to make your first samples or project when you are learning the stitch. After you know what to expect from it, you can really do amazing things with the colors!Continue to 2 of 6 below.
02 of 06
Tunisian Knit Stitch -- Start With the Tunisian Crochet Base Row
If you haven't already figured out a comfortable way of holding your hook when you do Tunisian crochet, you may wish to view this page:
To get started, crochet a starting chain of any length greater than 2 stitches.
To begin the Tunisian knit stitch, you could work into either the front side or the back side of your starting chain. I usually prefer to work into the back of the starting chain; that way, there will be two loops free to work into across the lower... edge in case I want to later add an edging or embellishments to my work. If you take a look at the lower edge of the work in view H, you'll see what I mean by "two loops free".
Views A, B and C demonstrate how it looks if you work into the front of the starting chain.
Views D, E, F, G and H demonstrate how it looks if you work into the back of the starting chain.
To begin, you'll insert your hook into the second chain from your hook. View B shows my crochet hook pointing to the spot where I'd insert my hook if I were going to work into the front of the chain stitch. View E shows my crochet hook pointing to the spot I'd insert my hook when working into the back of the chain stitch. View F shows my crochet hook inserted into the chain stitch.
Next, pull up a loop. (Views C and G.) You're going to leave this loop on your crochet hook for now.
Insert your hook into the next chain stitch and pull up another loop. Repeat that step, inserting your hook into the next chain and pulling up another loop. Keep pulling up loops until you have one loop on your hook corresponding to each chain stitch in your starting chain.
When you're finished with this, your work will somewhat resemble view H in the photo collage.
Don't turn your work; keep the front of the work facing you.
I've seen different terminology applied to this beginning row. It is sometimes called the "base row," and is sometimes referred to as the "foundation row." There may be other names for it as well.
Rows like this where you are drawing up loops can also be called the "forward" or the "forward pass."Continue to 3 of 6 below.
03 of 06
Tunisian Knit Stitch Return -- Reverse -- Return Pass
The next part has several different possible names. Some people call it the "return" or the "return pass." Some people call it the "reverse;" this is the name given to it in The Harmony Guide to Crochet Stitches compiled by James Walters and Sylvia Cosh.
When following other designers' patterns constructed using this stitch, you'll find that some people call this "row 2" of the work, while others envision it as being the second half of row 1.
To complete the return or reverse pass for the Tunisian... knit stitch, work a chain stitch by looping the yarn over your hook and pulling it through the last loop on your hook (Views I, J and K.)
*Yarn over (View L) and pull it through through two loops (Views M and N.)
Repeat from * all the way across the row until only one loop remains on your hook. (Views O and P) The remaining loop on the hook will count as the first stitch in the next row.
Again, the terminology for this aspect of the technique is not standardized. Some people call this "working off the loops;" you might read instructions telling you to "work off the loops by twos." Others refer to this as "binding off" or "casting off," which is perhaps how a knitter might express it; there are definite similarities here to the process of binding off in knitting. There are probably more ways than these to refer to this process; those terms are just a few that immediately come to mind.Continue to 4 of 6 below.
04 of 06
Working the Knit Stitches in Tunisian Crochet
If you were going to work Tunisian simple stitch, the next step would be to work stitches into the vertical bars all the way across the next row. You're not going to do that here, but the vertical bars create an important frame of reference.
There's a vertical bar below your active loop, but you can't really do anything with that one, so just ignore it and use the next closest vertical bar as your reference point. Using your crochet hook, you're going to pierce the fabric completely... through from front to back, as shown in view R, and the spot to do it is directly to the right of the vertical bar. (View Q.)
After you've pushed your hook through the fabric, yarn over and pull up a loop. If your hook went in at the correct spot, the result will look something like view S.
Continue pulling up loops in this manner all the way across the row.
Next Page: Working more rows of Tunisian knit stitchContinue to 5 of 6 below.
05 of 06
Working More Rows of Tunisian Knit Stitch
Next you'll repeat the steps for completing the return pass / reverse; it's exactly the same here as it was the first time you did it.
To add more rows of the Tunisian knit stitch, just keep repeating the steps you already learned; after you work the reverse, the work will look something like view aa; then you proceed with drawing up another row of loops and working them off by twos.
Ready to try a project using this stitch? Try the faux knit and crochet dishcloth pattern if you'd like to... start with an easy one.
Continue to 6 of 6 below.
06 of 06
Resources for Learning More About Tunisian Crochet
The Tunisian knit stitch is a fantastic stitch for using all those beautiful, eye-catching variegated yarns that are available. So, if you want to see a more colorful example of the Tunisian knit stitch, I invite you to check out this version featuring variegated yarn.
Books, Some Historical, Featuring Tunisian Crochet:
- The Dictionary of Needlework, An Encyclopedia of Artistic, Plain, and Fancy Needlework by Sophia Frances Anne Caulfeild and Blanche Saward, 1882
- The Girl's Own Indoor Book --... This book was edited by Charles Peters, and was published in 1892 by J.B. Lippincott Company of Philadelphia.
- The Harmony Guide to Crochet Stitches
Compiled by James Walters and Sylvia Cosh
1986 Lyric Books Limited
ISBN# 0 7111 0028 4
- 300 Crochet Stitches (The Harmony Guides, V. 6)
1999 Anova Books
ISBN# 1 8558 5638 7
- Crochet Master Class: Lessons and Projects From Today's Top Crocheters by Jean Leinhauser and Rita Weiss
The Tunisian crochet section of the book includes work created by Julia Bryant
- Encyclopedia of Tunisian Crochet by Angela Grabowski
- Chez Croche
- Tunisian Crochet Tutorial at Crochet Cabana