Types of Bed Pillows

Made bed with peach and white colored sheets and pillows next to white nightstands and metal headboard

The Spruce / Leticia Almeida

This article is part of our series, Sleep Week: The Ultimate Guide to Getting Your Best Sleep Ever. Sleep Week is your destination for whole sleep happiness, curating our very best tips and product recommendations to help you create your coziest, most comfortable sleep environment yet.

In the quest for a good night’s sleep, your pillow is one of the key players. Along with the right mattress, the best pillow for your needs helps keep your body in alignment throughout the night: head aligned with your spine, shoulders and upper body comfortably supported, and not too much pressure on any one area.

Taking the time to learn about the different types of pillows available is time well spent, as it will aid you in making the right choice. After all, you spend around a third of your life in bed, shouldn’t that time be as comfortable as possible? Here’s what you need to know about different types of pillow fills, sizes, and shapes for different sleep positions.

Fill and Pillow Types

  1. A natural fill pillow is stuffed with feathers, down (fluffy insulation under feathers), or a combination of both. These types of pillows are super-soft and offer comfort by conforming to your head and neck. The fill power, which indicates how much filling is included within the pillow, is listed on high-end down pillows. The higher the fill power, the more loft the pillow will have, and therefore the more durable and supportive.
  2. A synthetic fill pillow contains a man-made fill, customarily polyester. Synthetic pillows are the inexpensive $5 pillows typically found in discount department stores. They have shorter life spans and do not conform to the head and neck as well as natural fill pillows. However, synthetic fill pillows are generally hypoallergenic and machine washable.
  3. A poly-cluster fill pillow is stuffed with polyester clusters that are coated with silicone to feel and move like down. These pillows give allergy sufferers the best of both worlds: a pillow that is hypoallergenic yet soft and moldable like down—and without down’s hefty price tag. 
  4. Foam pillows are made of solid pieces or chunks of foam. These pillows are an inexpensive alternative to memory foam but are more often used as the pillow form for throw pillows. 
  5. A memory foam pillow is a dense, sponge-like pillow that molds around the neck and head for extra support. This type of pillow offers excellent support for sleepers who prefer a firm pillow or have neck and spine issues.
Fill and Pillow Types

The Spruce / Madelyn Goodnight

Support Recommended for Specific Sleep Positions

The type of pillow to use is determined on your preferred sleep position. Here is a list of basic sleep positions and the recommended pillow type to help support your head and neck at night.

  1. Back sleepers should use a medium firm pillow that provides support under the head, neck, and shoulders. This will maintain the natural curvature of the upper spine. Memory foam pillows offer the best support for back sleepers.
  2. Side sleepers need a pillow that contours and cradles the neck. The best side-sleeper pillows have a gusset: a side panel that adds extra height and firmness to a pillow to keep the sleeper’s head and neck in alignment. Some memory foam pillows, natural filled pillows, and poly cluster pillows offer the best support for this sleep position.
  3. Stomach sleepers need a flat, soft pillow so the head and neck aren’t strained more than necessary by the sharp bend required to sleep in this position. Down and synthetic fills work well for stomach sleepers.
Bed Type Recommendations for Sleeping Positions

The Spruce / Madelyn Goodnight

Different Pillow Sizes

Pillows come in different sizes, mostly to fit the different sizes of mattress. Here are the most common proportions.

  1. Standard pillows are 20 by 26 inches and fit inside a standard-size pillowcase. This pillow is your basic sleeping pillow and provides support for your head and neck. Depending on the fill, a twin pillow works for any sleeping position. Typically one standard pillow is used on a twin bed, two across a full or queen bed, and three across a king or California king mattress.
  2. A queen pillow is 20 by 30 inches and fits tightly in a standard-size pillowcase, giving more firmness. Of course, a queen-size pillowcase will fit the pillow with some slack. Created for queen-size beds, two queen pillows fit perfectly across either a full or queen mattress.
  3. King pillows are 20 by 36 inches and fit into a king-size pillowcase. These extra-long pillows are great for extra body support for those with muscle/joint pain or for pregnant women. Two king pillows fit perfectly paired across the top of either a king or California king mattress.
  4. A European pillow is 26 by 26 inches and is generally used as a decorative pillow in a European sham. These add an extra touch of style when positioned against the headboard.
  5. A body pillow is 20 by 54 inches and fits into a body pillowcase. This body-length pillow can be curved to fit the shape of your body, making it perfect for side sleepers, expectant mothers or anyone with joint pain.
  6. Travel pillows are typically 12 by 16 inches and fit into a travel-size pillowcase. These pillows are perfect for traveling by plane or car. They are also a great size for a toddler's bed, trips to Grandma, or daycare.
Pillow Sizes

The Spruce / Madelyn Goodnight

Article Sources
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  1. Soal, Laura J et al. Changes in Chronic Neck Pain Following the Introduction of a Visco-Elastic Polyurethane Foam Pillow and/or Chiropractic TreatmentHealth SA = SA Gesondheid, 24,1099, 2019, doi:10.4102/hsag.v24i0.1099