Types of Roses

  • 01 of 22

    Orange Rose

    Orange roses
    Nina Karaush / EyeEm / Getty Images

    Rose Pictures Presenting a Variety of Colors

    Depending upon whom you ask, the types of roses available could be classified in a number of ways. The lay person will be interested primarily in matters such as:

    • Types of roses based on flower color
    • Which bear flowers that are fragrant?
    • Which plants are disease-resistant?
    • Types of roses based on plant form (tree, bush or vine)

    AARS (All-America Rose Selections) lists its types of roses as follows:

    • Floribunda
    • Hybrid tea
    • Grandiflora
    • Shrub and landscape
    • Climber
    • Mini...MOREature
    • Tree

    "Landscape" roses are among the easiest to grow. An example is Candy Oh! Vivid Red.

    The pictures in the photo gallery that follows provide examples of some of the types of roses available. Many are AARS picks; accordingly, the information supplied about them is based on AARS descriptions (when available), as well as from observation. Unless otherwise indicated, quotes come from AARS. My focus primarily is on color. But qualities other than color are also touched upon. The quality highlighted in the few entries that conclude the gallery will be the easy-to-grow trait that is so highly sought after.

    All examples were found in zone 5, so the reader can assume a hardiness to at least that zone.

    Regarding "About Face" (Photo)

     AARS lists the "orange rose" pictured above as having a bicolored flower. That is, this orange rose's "lighter color of deep golden yellow is carried on the inside of the petals with a darker bronzy orange-red backside." Also in the description of AARS are the following facts:

    • The "About Face" orange rose is a grandiflora variety
    • The flower has a full form and smells like "mild fresh apple"
    • Bush habit
    • "About Face" orange rose stems are long, with rich green leaves
    • Disease-resistant
    Continue to 2 of 22 below.
  • 02 of 22

    Picture of Light Pink Roses

    Light pink roses
    Hans / Pixabay / CC By 0

    "Bonica" bears light pink roses on a shrubby bush....

    Other characteristics of this pink rose include the following:

    • The "Bonica" light pink rose falls into the "shrub and landscape" category
    • This pink rose is not an especially good choice if you're looking for a highly fragrant rose
    • Disease-resistant
    Continue to 3 of 22 below.
  • 03 of 22

    Picture of Rose With Two-Tone Petals

    Two-tone rose petal picture. "Cherry Parfait" is a type of rose with two-tone petals.
    "Cherry Parfait" Photo Picture of rose with two-tone petals. David Beaulieu

    "Cherry Parfait" is a type of rose with two-tone petals....

    The two-tone petal color scheme is white edged with red (red is the dominant color, from a distance). Also in the description of AARS are the following facts:

    • The "Cherry Parfait" rose with its two-tone petals is a grandiflora variety
    • The flower has only a "slight" fragrance
    • Bush habit
    • "Cherry Parfait" two-tone rose bushes have dark green leaves
    • Disease-resistant
    Continue to 4 of 22 below.
  • 04 of 22

    Apricot Rose

    Picture of apricot rose. Teasing Georgia is called a yellow rose but may end up more apricot.
    "Teasing Georgia" Teases With Its Claims of Yellow Picture of an apricot rose. David Beaulieu

    "Teasing Georgia" is advertised as a yellow rose but may end up looking more apricot in color....

    David Austin recommended "Teasing Georgia," an apricot-yellow rose, is a repeat bloomer. More about the "Teasing Georgia" apricot-yellow rose:

    • The flower is double, cupped
    • Habit can be bush or a short climber
    • The "Teasing Georgia" apricot-yellow rose has a strong fragrance
    • Good disease-resistance
    Continue to 5 of 22 below.
  • 05 of 22

    Peach Rose Picture

    Picture of peach rose. As the photo shows, the peach rose here is really a combination of colors (or
    Peach-Colored Rose a Combination of Colors Picture of peach rose. David Beaulieu

    As the picture shows, the peach rose here is really a combination of colors (orange, pink, apricot)....

    But the overall effect is that of peach, with pink highlights. "Easy Does It" bears a double, ruffled flower. Also in the description of AARS are the following facts:

    • The "Easy Does It" peach rose is a floribunda variety
    • This peach rose's fragrance is listed as "moderate fruity"
    • Bush habit
    • "Excellent" disease-resistance
    Continue to 6 of 22 below.
  • 06 of 22

    Crimson Color Roses

    Picture of a crimson rose. "Falstaff," a David Austin recommended variety, is a crimson color rose.
    Picture of "Falstaff" Picture of a crimson rose. David Beaulieu

    "Falstaff," a David Austin recommended variety, is a red rose....

    More specifically, it is a crimson color rose. The David Austin rose site calls "Falstaff" one of the best crimson / purple roses they have bred so far. Also in their description are the following facts:

    • The "Falstaff" crimson rose has a double bloom
    • The flower exudes a strong fragrance
    • Bush habit
    Continue to 7 of 22 below.
  • 07 of 22

    Apricot-Pink Rose

    "Tahitian Sunset" is an apricot-pink rose. This peach color hybrid tea exudes a licorice fragrance.
    "Tahitian Sunset" Bi-Colored Rose "Tahitian Sunset" is an apricot-pink rose. David Beaulieu

    This apricot-pink rose is as colorful as its name....

    This JP introduction has a bi-colored blossom. Also in the description of AARS are the following facts:

    • The "Tahitian Sunset" apricot-pink rose is a hybrid tea variety
    • The flower is high-centered and smells of anise
    • Bush habit
    • The "Tahitian Sunset" apricot-pink rose bears semi-glossy, dark green leaves
    • "Good" disease-resistance
    Continue to 8 of 22 below.
  • 08 of 22

    Coral Rose Picture

    Picture of a coral-pink rose. "Rainbow Knock Out" is a single-blooming coral color rose.
    Single-Blooming Rose With Salmon and a Yellow Center Picture of a coral-pink rose. David Beaulieu

    This picture shows a coral-pink rose named "Rainbow" Knock Out. It is suited for USDA plant hardiness zones 5-11.

     

    Rainbow Knock Out is a single-blooming coral color rose. Also in the description of AARS are the following facts:

     

    • The "Rainbow Knock Out" single-blooming coral rose is a shrub and landscape variety
    • Foliage is dark green, semi-glossy
    • Bush habit
    • "Fully resistant to black spot, powdery mildew and rust"
    • The "Rainbow Knock Out" single-blooming coral rose is a...MORE repeat bloomer
    • Starts out a deep coral-pink, ends light coral to pink with a yellow center
    Continue to 9 of 22 below.
  • 09 of 22

    Red Rose Picture

    Picture of red rose. "Interama" has a classic red rose color.
    Photo of "Interama" Picture of red rose, "Interama.". David Beaulieu

    "Interama" has a classic red rose color, as this picture shows....

    More about the red rose, "Interama":

    • The "Interama" red rose is a floribunda variety
    • It flowers in clusters
    • Bush habit
    • The "Interama" red rose bears an average-size flower (about 3 inches in diameter)
    Continue to 10 of 22 below.
  • 10 of 22

    Yellow Rose

    Yellow rose picture. "Julia Child" is a yellow rose of the floribunda variety.
    Picture of "Julia Child," With Its Golden-Yellow Color Yellow rose picture. David Beaulieu

    The "Julia Child" yellow rose was "personally chosen by the award-winning chef herself"....

    The Julia Child yellow rose is described, specifically, as "butter gold," to which I can only say, "How appropriate; bon appetit!" Also in the description of AARS are the following facts:

    • The "Julia Child" yellow rose is a floribunda variety
    • The flower has a full form and the sweet smell of licorice
    • Bush habit
    • This yellow rose's leaves are especially shiny
    • "Excellent" disease-resistance
    Continue to 11 of 22 below.
  • 11 of 22

    Multi-Color Rose

    Picture of a multicolor rose. The "Mardi Gras" multicolor rose is a mix of orange and pink, with a b
    Picture of "Mardi Gras" Rose Picture of a multicolor rose. David Beaulieu

    The "Mardi Gras" multi-color rose has as festive a flower color as its name suggests....

    "Mardi Gras" is mix of orange and pink colors with a bit of yellow. As AARS explains, the bloom "begins as an apricot-orange bud that slowly spirals open to reveal a 4-inch bright pink and orange bloom with a yellow base." Also in the description of AARS are the following facts:

    • The "Mardi Gras" multi-color rose is a floribunda variety
    • The flower has a peppery smell
    • Bush habit;...MORE recommended for hedges
    • The "Mardi Gras" multi-color rose has dark green leaves
    • "Good" disease-resistance
    Continue to 12 of 22 below.
  • 12 of 22

    Picture of White Roses

    Picture of white roses. These white roses are named for Pope John-Paul II.
    Meet "Pope John-Paul II" Picture of white roses. David Beaulieu

    Picture of white roses....

    These white roses were named for Pope John-Paul II. As you can see from the photo, they grow in bush form.

    Continue to 13 of 22 below.
  • 13 of 22

    Rose With Single Flowers

    Picture of rose with single blossoms. "Daydream" is a rose that has single flowers, not double.
    Picture of "Daydream" Rose Picture of rose with single blossoms. David Beaulieu

    "Daydream," unlike most of the other types of roses considered thus far, bears single blossoms....

    "DayDream" also stays lower to the ground (2 feet high at maturity). Other characteristics of this single-blossomed rose include the following:

    • The "DayDream" single-flowered rose falls into the "shrub and landscape" category
    • This single-flowered rose is "lightly" scented
    • Bush habit
    • "Highly" disease-resistant
    Continue to 14 of 22 below.
  • 14 of 22

    Orangey-Red Rose

    Morden Fireglow has a rose color that's orangy (orangey) red. This orangy-red rose is a bush variety
    "Morden Fireglow" Picture Morden Fireglow has a rose color that's orangy (orangey) red. David Beaulieu

    "Morden Fireglow" is a brightly colored rose, being somewhere between orange and reddish in color....

    More about "Morden Fireglow":

    • The "Morden Fireglow" orangey-red rose is a floribunda variety
    • The flower is double and cupped
    • Bush habit
    • The "Morden Fireglow" orangey-red rose has matte leaves (not glossy)
    Continue to 15 of 22 below.
  • 15 of 22

    Copper Rose

    The "Pat Austin" rose displays a coppery color. This copper color rose is a David Austin variety.
    Picture of "Pat Austin" Rose With Coppery Color Picture of a copper color rose. David Beaulieu

    The copper color rose in the picture is one of the David Austin recommended varieties....

    More about this copper rose:

    • The "Pat Austin" copper rose has a double, cupped bloom
    • Bush habit
    • This repeat-bloomer is tea-scented in fragrance
    • The "Pat Austin" copper rose is named after David Austin's wife
    Continue to 16 of 22 below.
  • 16 of 22

    Picture of Reddish-Purple Rose

    Picture of purplish-red rose. This purplish-red rose is named "Wild Blue Yonder."
    "Wild Blue Yonder": Wishful Thinking? Picture of reddish-purple rose. David Beaulieu

    "Wild Blue Yonder" starts out a mauve or reddish-purple (it is advertised as "lavender") and ends up with a deeper color....

    But it never morphs into a true blue rose. The AARS presents the following facts about this reddish-purple rose:

    • The "Wild Blue Yonder" reddish-purple rose is a grandiflora variety
    • The flower is double and very fragrant (citrusy)
    • Bush habit
    • The "Wild Blue Yonder" reddish-purple rose is a repeat bloomer
    • "Excellent" disease-resistance
    Continue to 17 of 22 below.
  • 17 of 22

    Picture of Rose With Medium Pink Color

    Picture of "Elle," a hybrid tea pink rose. "Elle" is a medium-pink rose.
    "Elle" Photo "Elle" is a medium-pink rose. David Beaulieu

    "Elle" is a good choice for those seeking a happy medium between a shocking-pink rose and a pink rose with a washed-out color....

    This medium-pink rose has "above-average disease tolerance to mildews and black spot for its class," according to AARS.

    Earlier, I mentioned 3 classifications of roses based on form (habit):

    1. Bush
    2. Vine (climber)
    3. Tree

    However, those are broad terms, so allowances must be made for variations within those groupings -- especially the bush type. One "bush"...MORE may vary from another, depending on variety. For example, of hybrid tea roses, Maria Iannotti says that "they have an open rather than bushy habit," even though, of the 3 classifications, they would obviously fall into the bush type.

    Also in the description of AARS are the following facts:

    • The "Elle" medium-pink rose is a hybrid tea variety
    • Ever-blooming with a spicy fragrance
    • Its bush is relatively compact for its class
    • This medium pink rose exhibits "above-average disease tolerance to mildews and black spot for its class"
    Continue to 18 of 22 below.
  • 18 of 22

    Scarlet Color Rose Picture

    Picture of scarlet color rose. "Frankly Scarlet" is the rose's name.
    Photo of Scarlet Red Rose Picture of a scarlet color rose. David Beaulieu

    "Frankly Scarlet" belongs to the JP Ultimate Collection....

    Looking for a scarlet color rose? The name says it all. Also in the JP description are the following facts:

    • The "Frankly Scarlet" rose is a floribunda variety
    • The flower has a spicy fragrance
    • Bush habit with dark green leaves
    • The "Frankly Scarlet" rose is a repeat bloomer
    Continue to 19 of 22 below.
  • 19 of 22

    Picture of a "Black" Rose

    Picture: Rosa 'Almost Black' is a deep burgundy color.
    Not Truly Black, However The Almost Black rose is just that, with an emphasis on the first part of the name. It's really a deep red. David Beaulieu

    Cultivators have been working hard in trying to produce a black rose....

    While no truly black rose yet exists, there are some of such a deep red as to suggest black; for example, Rosa 'Black Magic,' Rosa 'Ruby Celebration,' and, pictured here, Rosa 'Almost Black.

    Some florists dry fresh roses and dye them black. Alternatively, food coloring can be applied to a white flower to create a "black" rose.

    Continue to 20 of 22 below.
  • 20 of 22

    At Last, an Easy-to-Grow Rose That Is Fragrant

    Image: At Last rose.
    At Last is an easy-to-grow rose with good fragrance. David Beaulieu

    Starting with At Last™ (picture), the concluding entries in this photo gallery are all easy-to-grow rose bushes.

    At Last™ also boasts good fragrance and a long blooming season. Here are the basic facts about this rose bush:

    1. Prefers full sun and an evenly moist, well-drained soil.
    2. Suited to USDA plant hardiness zones 5-9.
    3. Height: up to 3 feet tall.
    4. Width: up to 3 feet wide.
    5. Flowering period: throughout the summer.
    Continue to 21 of 22 below.
  • 21 of 22

    Oso Happy® Smoothie: Pink Landscape Rose

    Image of the pink rose, Oso Happy Smoothie.
    Oso Happy Smoothie is a pink landscape rose. David Beaulieu

    Like Candy Oh! rose, which has red flowers, this pink-flowering plant is a type of landscape rose. That is your cue if you are looking for sure-fire low-maintenance in a rose bush, and Oso Happy® Smoothie does not disappoint.

    Here are the basic facts about this rose bush:

    1. Prefers full sun and an evenly moist, well-drained soil.
    2. Suited to USDA plant hardiness zones 4-9.
    3. Height: up to 3 feet tall.
    4. Width: up to 3 feet wide.
    5. Flowering period: throughout the summer.
    6. Pruning information: The standard...MORE recommendation is to prune in spring, at which time you would remove approximately one-third of its growth, down to where you spot a good-sized, healthy-looking bud (make your cut just above that bud). But this plant is so tough that you can feel free to prune it at any time that you decide it has outgrown its bounds.
    7. Fertilizer information: no need to fertilize, although compost is helpful.
    Continue to 22 of 22 below.
  • 22 of 22

    Pink Supreme Flower Carpet® Rose

    Image: Pink Supreme carpet rose.
    Pink Supreme carpet rose is a relatively low-growing rose bush. David Beaulieu

     

    Its developers refer to Pink Supreme and its cousins (for example, "Amber" and "Scarlet") as the "next generation" in carpet roses. That is, these rose bushes have been bred to stay shorter and to exhibit increased tolerance for heat and humidity when compared to earlier versions of the carpet rose.

    Here are the basic facts about this rose bush:

    1. It will bloom most heavily in full sun but tolerates partial shade. It is somewhat drought-tolerant when mature but prefers...MORE a soil that is kept evenly moist. The ground where it is planted should be a well-drained, friable soil.
    2. Suited to USDA plant hardiness zones 5-10.
    3. Height: 24-32 inches tall.
    4. Width: a spread of 40 inches.
    5. Flowering period: throughout the summer.
    6. Pruning information: Remove two-thirds of the vegetation in spring. But it is all right to prune this rose bush to shape it according to your desires at any time.
    7. Fertilizer information: fertilize in spring and summer with a controlled-release, complete fertilizer.