10 Types of Rubber Plants For Your Home

Ficus tineke plant with waxy oval and variegated leaves clustered near new sprout

The Spruce / Adelyn Duchala

Rubber plants might elicit one image in your mind — the popular rubber tree — but there are actually many types of rubber tree. They come in many colors and sizes. Their beautiful waxy looking leaves look great in just about any type of home and they can grow pretty quickly if you care for them correctly (just water them when the top two inches of soil are dry).

If you're curious about the different types of rubber plants or ficus Elastica, keep reading for 10 great options worth growing at home.


Rubber plants are from the Ficus genus, which is mildly toxic to pets when ingested.

  • 01 of 10

    Robusta (Ficus elastica 'Robusta')

    ficus robusta

    вгенР/ Getty Images

    The Robusta is probably the most common type of rubber plant you’ll find in a nursery or online plant shop. They have deep green, waxy looking leaves and can grow pretty tall depending on if you can meet its environmental requirements. These look great in a corner by a window. 

    • Light: Bright, indirect
    • Leaf Color: Green
    • Mature Size: Up to 8 feet tall
  • 02 of 10

    Tricolor (Ficus elastica 'Tricolor')


    Bilal photos / Getty Images

    The Tricolor is the rubber plant for you if you love a colorful houseplant. The leaves of this one are a mix of cream, pink, and green. When a new leaf is growing, it’ll even appear red until it has fully matured.

    • Light: Bright, indirect 
    • Leaf Color: Pink, cream, and pinkish/red
    • Mature Size: Up to 6 ft.
  • 03 of 10

    Tineke (Ficus elastica 'Tineke')


    Lina Moiseienko / Getty Images

    One of the newer varieties you can find is the Tineke. It’s a rarer version of the rubber plant and has variegated leaves in shades of green and cream or even pale yellow. 

    • Light: Bright, indirect sun—brighter is better if you want to keep the variegations strong!
    • Leaf Color: Green, cream, and pale yellow
    • Mature Size: Up to 13 ft.
  • 04 of 10

    Decora (Ficus elastica 'Decora')


    Pannarai Nak-im / Getty Images

    The Decora is different from other rubber plants as it grows very dark, thick leaves. These leaves can get a lot bigger than their counterparts. 

    • Light: Bright, indirect sun
    • Leaf Color: Dark green
    • Mature Size: Up to 6 ft.
    Continue to 5 of 10 below.
  • 05 of 10

    Doescheri (Ficus elastica 'Doescheri')

    Ficus elastica 'Doescheri'

    DenesFeri / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 4.0

    If you love patterned leaves, then you should try to get your hands on a doescheri. The leaves of this plant are splotchy, with hints of gray, cream, and green. The stalks and midribs are pink, which gives it a unique look.

    • Light: Bright, indirect
    • Leaf Color: Pink, gray, cream, and green
    • Mature Size: Up to 13 ft.
  • 06 of 10

    Yellow Gem (Ficus elastica 'Yellow Gem')

    Yellow Gem ficus

    Vinayaraj / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 3.0

    Most rubber plants have thick, darker leaves. Even the variegated versions tend to be darker in the middle. However, if you’re looking for a brighter plant, the yellow gem is a great option. The leaves are a golden-green hue and really pop in a room.

    • Light: Bright, indirect
    • Leaf Color: Golden-green, yellow
    • Mature Size: Up to 6 ft.
  • 07 of 10

    Burgundy (Ficus elastica 'Burgundy')


    Crystal Bolin Photography / Getty Images

    The burgundy variety of the rubber plant is gorgeous if you’re interested in deep colored foliage. The leaves are a shade of green so dark that they often appear to have a burgundy tint. This is one of those plants that you want to look at the undersides of the leaves as they are just as beautiful as the tops. It’s also commonly referred to as the black prince.

    • Light: Bright, indirect sun — keep it on the brighter side to maintain foliage color.
    • Leaf Color: Very dark green, hints of burgundy
    • Mature Size: Up to 6 ft.
  • 08 of 10

    Abidjan (Ficus elastica 'Abdijan')

    Abidjan ficus elastica

    Ольга Симонова / Getty Images

    Similar to the burgundy variety, the abidjan also has very dark leaves with hints of deep red. The leaves appear leathery and a lot thicker than the variegated rubber trees.

    • Light: Bright, indirect sun
    • Leaf Color: Deep red, burgundy, dark green
    • Mature Size: Up to 6 ft.
    Continue to 9 of 10 below.
  • 09 of 10

    Melany (Ficus elastica 'Melany')

    Young ficus Melany

     TYNZA / Getty Images

    This is a smaller version of the rubber plant. It grows a lot denser and the leaves are a lot smaller than some of the other varieties. The leaves have a touch of bronze to them and they’re usually trained to grow like a tree so they will have multiple stems growing leaves as opposed to just one trunk.

    • Light: Bright, indirect sun
    • Leaf Color: Bronze, green
    • Mature Size: Up to 6 ft., unless you have a petite version
  • 10 of 10

    Red Ruby (Ficus elastica 'Red Ruby')

    Red Ruby Ficus

    Cultivar413 / flickr / CC BY 2.0

    Another one for the color lovers, the red ruby is definitely the most vibrant version of the rubber plant. The leaves have strokes of purple, red, and white and the stems and ribs are a deep shade of reddish pink. New leaves will be redder in color as well. Remember to look at the underside of these leaves as they are pretty captivating as well.

    • Light: Bright, indirect sun
    • Leaf Color: Red, purple, white, reddish-pink
    • Mature Size: Up to 6 ft.
The Spruce uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
  1. Ficus elastica. Pet Poison Helpline.