I recently received an email from a reader who would like to move overseas as a unskilled or low-skilled worker, but isn't sure how to make it happen. It got me thinking about my own experience when I was much younger, traveling from country to country with no special skills except the ability to wash dishes, pour drinks and wait on tables with a smile.
But it was enough.
While that was a long time ago, back when borders were more permeable and travel a little safer, I still think that moving to another country isn't only for those with a degree and five years experience.
I think anyone who wants to do it, can. It might take a little more planning and time and determination on your part, but if you really want to move overseas, you should.
Where to go?
One of the first things to do is to determine where you can go, which countries you can legally stay in and possibly find work. More and more, countries are looking for low-skilled workers and often have work permits available. For example, Europe put out a guide book for unskilled workers while Australia, New Zealand and Canada, in particular the province of Alberta, are actively recruiting workers for various industries and will provide work permits to match. I've also seen notices for Scandinavia, Singapore, and South Africa as well, but it's best to check with every country's official website for more information. Most will have a notice calling for foreign workers or navigate to their work permits' page that will provide details on how to apply.
Also be aware that some work permits may be tied to a specific job, although this often applies only to visas that a company obtains for you. Again, know the rules before you apply.
Some visas and work permits take a while to process so you either need to be patient or look at obtaining a visitor visa then approach the application from within the country.
Just be aware that some visas require the applicant to be in their home country in order to process. Know the rules of the particular country you want to move to before you decide how to get there.
How to find a job?
While online postings are a great way to see what kind of jobs are available in the country you'd like to move to, it's not a good idea to accept a job without first researching it thoroughly and/or seeing the company in person. Some work permits will be tied to a particular job while others will allow you to move from job to job as needed. A good place to start is to find out which area of the country and which industry needs workers the most. For example, Canada may be your destination, but not all provinces are looking for workers. You may land in Ontario only to find the work is in three provinces over.
Once you know where, next look at what kind of jobs are available. Your permit will state if there are any restrictions on the type of job you can apply for (temporary or seasonal, for instance), or if you're restricted to a specific industry or area. Once you know the details, you can start checking the online job sites, like Monster or Indeed to see what's out there and available to you.
Again, be careful of accepting a job without researching the company.
If you're looking for work after you land, you'll find the search a lot easier. Help wanted signs will be posted, local job ads placed and talking with locals is always the best way to find the work you want. Have a resume and references on hand and spend your search time out in public spaces where a brief encounter could provide a possible lead. Again, if your work permit is tied to a specific job or industry, then options are more limited. However, such limitations also means that your search will be more focused, which always helps when trying to secure a job.
Can you earn a living?
Be aware that the work you'll be doing may pay less than what you can make in your home country. So before you pack your bags, make sure you look at the local cost of living and weigh that against the average wage offered.
Some industrialized countries have raised wages for foreign workers in order to attract them to their doors, while others may offer less than what locals would receive.
Most importantly, know how much you'll be paying for rent, food and transportation. Check local rental ads, ask on forums about food costs and go to city websites to assess costs of getting around town. Also check out health care costs and whether you qualify for health care coverage or if you have to purchase your own insurance. Most industrialized countries outside the US cover the cost of health care.
Be prepared to just make ends meet. Saving money while working overseas is tough unless the employer provides accommodation and/or meals. Choose your job wisely. Restaurants or fast food chains may offer employees a discount on meals or even provide a daily lunch or dinner as part of your employment agreement. There are ways to save, but know before you go.