How to Grow and Care for Vinca Minor (Periwinkle)

Vinca minor ground cover in bloom.

The Spruce / David Beaulieu

In This Article

Tough, low-maintenance, and pest-free, Vinca minor (commonly known as periwinkle) has pretty broadleaf foliage and flowers. It is also useful for providing ground cover and is known for its creeping habit. Periwinkle vines most commonly put out a blue flower in spring, but the color can also be lavender, purple, or white. They may bloom occasionally in summer, too, though the summer display will not be nearly as magnificent as the spring display. It has a medium growth rate and is typically planted in early spring; however, the hardy plant will tolerate being planted in the fall. Periwinkle is toxic to pets.

Common Names Vinca minor, creeping myrtle, common periwinkle, dwarf periwinkle
Botanical Name Vinca minor
Family Apocynaceae/dogbane
Plant Type Evergreen perennial
Mature Size 3-6 in. tall with trailing vines up to 18 in. long
Sun Exposure Full, partial, shade
Soil Type Loamy, sandy, clay
Soil pH Acidic, neutral, alkaline
Bloom Time Spring, summer
Flower Color Blue, lavender, purple, white
Hardiness Zones 4-8 (USDA)
Native Areas  Europe 
Toxicity  Toxic to pets 

Vinca Minor Care

Periwinkle vines stay short, sprawling out over the ground. They typically stand only 3 to 6 inches off the ground, but their trailing stems can reach 18 inches in length. The stems of these plants root at their joints as they creep along the ground and spread rapidly to become a pretty flowering ground cover able to fill in a large area and keep weeds down.

Vinca minor vines have often been planted beneath big trees, where most lawn grass would fail to grow well due to not getting enough sunshine. A vine for shade will do much better in such spots than grass, generally speaking, so do not even bother trying to grow a lawn there.

Also, because tree roots compete for moisture in such areas, many plants will not grow well there due to a lack of water. Drought-tolerant ground covers such as Vinca minor vines have a greater chance of surviving than thirstier plants would.

Because of their ability to root and spread, they can help hold the soil in place. This can be important on the side of a hill, where soil erosion might be a problem.

Warning

Pay attention to where you plant Vinca minor since it is considered to be invasive throughout the eastern portion of the United States.

vinca minor
The Spruce / Evgeniya Vlasova
closeup of periwinkle
The Spruce / Evgeniya Vlasova
white vinca minor
The Spruce / Evgeniya Vlasova
vinca minor before blossoming
The Spruce / Evgeniya Vlasova

Light

Periwinkle grows in partial sun, partial shade, and full shade. It tolerates deep shade conditions but may burn in direct sunlight. For best results, plant them in partial shade. Also, they are a good choice for a ground cover for an area with dry shade.

Soil

Vinca minor vines require good drainage. Space them about a foot apart if you want to fill in an area quickly. Achieving vigorous growth is usually not difficult for these plants. Indeed, the very fact that they grow so well can sometimes be a problem. They will thrive in soils rich in compost, but they will tolerate poorer soils.

Water

While the plants will grow better in moist soils, its vines are pretty drought-tolerant once mature.

Temperature and Humidity

Although it is a long-lived plant, it can suffer from many diseases, especially in humid, wet climates. They are completely intolerant of frost, so if you want to bring them in for the winter, be sure to move the plants indoors when night temperatures drop down to about 50 degrees Fahrenheit. 

Fertilizer

Fertilizer gives periwinkle a boost, making its foliage a more brilliant green and may help produce more blooms. Fertilizing your Vinca minor monthly with an evenly balanced fertilizer (equal parts nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium) may be helpful if your soil lacks sufficiently rich organic matter, but it is not necessary since Vinca minor does well in poor soil, too.

Propagating Vinca Minor

Periwinkle can be grown from seed, but it grows slowly. You can also do a stem cutting, but that takes a little more work since you have to get the stem to root. Your best bet is to use divisions or nursery transplants. Dividing established plants is the quickest way to propagate.

To divide periwinkle, take these easy steps:

  1. Dig all the way around the clump of the plant that you want to transplant and lift it up. The plants have shallow roots, so you will not have to dig too deep.
  2. Plant the division immediately at the same level it had been growing.
  3. Pat down the soil around the plant roots, then water thoroughly.

Common Pests & Plant Diseases

Periwinkle will attract all the typical indoor and outdoor pests, including aphids, spider mites, scale, and whiteflies. Use insecticidal soap or neem oil to control any infestations.

The vine is also susceptible to wilt and dieback, which is typically caused by fungal diseases. Periwinkle could also experience canker lesions on the stem. Fungal leaf spots can also attack the leaves, but an infected leaf can be cut off and thrown away. To avoid fungal problems, water the soil, not the leaves.

FAQ
  • Is periwinkle easy to care for?

    The vines need little care. They are deer-resistant, the flowers are rabbit-proof, and few insects eat them, so there is not much pest control to worry about.

  • How fast does periwinkle grow?

    It has a medium growth rate, but can also become a very vigorous, aggressive grower. If this is a concern, make it a point each year to keep their runners in check. 

  • What is the difference between Vinca minor, Vinca major (greater periwinkle), and Catharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)?

    Both look very similar but Vinca major is cold-hardy and a bit larger than Vinca minor. Madagascar periwinkle is quite different from these two plants; It’s a tender perennial treated as an annual outside of zones 10 and 11, and it’s also a bedding plant that grows in full sun.


Article Sources
The Spruce uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
  1. Periwinkle. ASPCA.

  2. Common periwinkle: vinca minor (Gentianales: apocynaceae): invasive plant atlas of the united states.

  3. Vinca Stem Canker. Missouri Botanical Garden.