When you want a durable, economical, attractive floor covering for your home that you can install by yourself, two flooring options usually rise to the top: vinyl flooring and laminate flooring. They are equally easy to install. They cost about the same. They're both attractive. From a distance and at first glance, they look about the same.
Is there any difference? Yes. In fact, while vinyl and laminate overlap in many aspects, the crucial differences just might influence which type of flooring to buy and where to install it.
Watch Now: 7 Things You Should Know About Vinyl and Laminate Flooring
Vinyl vs. Laminate Flooring: Major Differences
The ability of each type of flooring to stand up against moisture hinges on its materials. Vinyl flooring is all synthetic, so it can go anywhere. Limited moisture resistance dictates selective areas where laminate flooring may or may not be installed.
|UV Acrylic Coating||Protect the floor from sun damage|
|Wear Layer||Protects against scratches|
|Print or Image Layer||The image or look of the flooring|
|PVC Layer||Provides stability and support|
|Core||The main body of the floor made of PVC|
|Built-in Underlayment||Soft layer helps with uneven subfloors|
Vinyl flooring is a 100-percent synthetic material. In standard sheet vinyl and vinyl tiles, the base layer is usually fiberglass which is then coated in PVC vinyl and a plasticizer.
The resulting sheet is printed and embossed with a surface print layer. Over this, multiple wear layers are applied, along with a layer of no-wax polyurethane.
Not all plank vinyl flooring has built-in underlayment, though it's found on an increasing number of vinyl floors.
With vinyl plank flooring, the core layer is a thicker, multi-layer PVC vinyl. Luxury vinyl flooring comes in planks or tiles that interlock side-to-side to form a floating floor. The overall thickness for vinyl flooring ranges from 1.5 mm for sheet vinyl to 5 mm for luxury vinyl planks.
|Wear Layer||Clear aluminum oxide layer to protect floor against scratches|
|Print Layer||The image or look of the flooring|
|Core Layer||The main body of the floor, made of highly compressed wood fibers|
|Built-in Underlayment||Soft layer helps with uneven subfloors|
Laminate flooring is similar to luxury vinyl planks in its look and method of installation. The critical difference is that its core is made from wood byproducts bonded with resins. The top surface is a hard, transparent plastic wear layer that covers the printed design layer. The overall thickness for laminate flooring planks ranges from 6 mm to 12 mm.
As with plank vinyl, built-in underlayment is an option. But it's an option that's found on more laminate floors than ever as do-it-yourselfers decide they want to eliminate the step of rolling out separate underlayment.
Laminate flooring allows for deep, realistic three-dimensional embossing on its surfaces, with accurate images of the material being portrayed—wood, ceramic, or stone.
Many types of vinyl flooring can look realistic, especially luxury vinyl plank flooring. Thicker solid core vinyl flooring will look more like wood since deeper embossing is possible.
Best for Appearance: Laminate Flooring
While laminate flooring and luxury vinyl flooring are generally comparable in appearance, laminate flooring typically will more closely mimic hand-scraped hardwood, stone, ceramics, and other materials.
|Recommended Installation Areas|
|Laminate Floor||Vinyl Floor|
|Bathroom, Full or Partial||No||Yes|
Water and Heat Resistance
Virtually all laminate flooring uses a fiberboard core. Because this core is a wood product, it will soften and swell if it is exposed to water. The fiberboard core will not resume its original dimensions after it has dried. Additionally, the wear and design layers sometimes peel away after the core has become waterlogged. Severely water-damaged laminate flooring usually needs to be replaced; it cannot be fixed.
Properly installed laminate flooring, with tight seams and good baseboards or moldings, can tolerate pooled water, but only a short period of time. For family bathrooms or other areas where standing water is likely, laminate flooring is a poor choice. If you can reasonably dedicate yourself to cleaning up occasional spills and puddles immediately, then laminate flooring may be used in areas of low moisture.
Older forms of vinyl flooring may have a fabric or felt backing that is not waterproof. But newer iterations of vinyl flooring are made of 100-percent polymer materials. Luxury vinyl flooring can be fully immersed in water for long periods, dried out, then reused, completely unaffected.
Best for Water and Heat Resistance: Vinyl Flooring
All types of vinyl flooring are not just water-resistant but are waterproof. Sheet vinyl, vinyl tile, and luxury vinyl flooring are usually made with materials that are 100-percent waterproof. In full bathrooms and damp locations such as basements, vinyl flooring materials excel over laminate materials. Sheet vinyl that comes in 12-foot wide rolls often requires no seaming, making it an excellent choice for a truly waterproof floor, and luxury vinyl flooring is a particularly good choice for basement remodels.
Care and Cleaning
Laminate flooring is best cleaned first with dry methods, such as with a dry mop or broom. If you need to wet-clean laminate flooring, you should use only a damp mop that feels almost dry to the touch.
Vinyl flooring's strongest feature is that it is so easy to care for and clean. Vinyl flooring in good condition can be wet-mopped and, if necessary, it can be vigorously scrubbed with safe cleaning products.
Best for Care and Cleaning: Vinyl Flooring
While both laminate flooring and vinyl flooring are easy to keep clean, only vinyl flooring allows the entire span of cleaning methods, from sweeping with a dry broom to wet mopping.
Durability and Maintenance
Laminate flooring is durable and low-maintenance. However, laminate flooring's many layers may eventually delaminate over time or if it is exposed to water for too long. Once the laminate's top wear layer is scratched or chipped, it cannot be repaired.
Once delamination starts to happen, the top layers begin to peel up and allow water to enter the lower layers.
Some vinyl flooring may delaminate. Thin plank vinyl flooring stands up better to water than more expensive, thicker vinyl flooring with a built-in underlayment. With the thin flooring, it cannot delaminate because it has no layers: it's a single cohesive layer of polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Thicker, more expensive plank vinyl flooring's soft underlayment is the weak link in its layering system.
Also, self-stick vinyl flooring tiles can loosen over time. On the whole, though, vinyl flooring is a tough flooring material that will stand up to high traffic demands.
Best for Durability and Maintenance: Vinyl Flooring
Vinyl flooring is a supremely durable, low-maintenance flooring, thus the industry term resilient flooring. Vinyl flooring is even used in commercial applications, where durability and maintenance are most important.
Laminate flooring uses a click-and-lock installation method, where the tongue of one plank is fitted into the groove of an adjoining plank at an angle. Then the first plank is folded down until it is level with the other plank. This action draws the boards together and closes the seam. An ordinary circular saw or table saw equipped with a fine-tooth blade, or even a hand saw, is used to cut laminate planks.
Vinyl planks also use a click-and-lock method of installation. Vinyl flooring planks can be cut with a utility knife, as well. A score mark is first made, then the plank is bent back on itself and a second cut is made from the rear. Sheet vinyl can be a difficult material for do-it-yourselfers to install. The material is large, heavy, and unwieldy. Plus, it can be hard to make complicated cutouts from sheet goods. If you are installing sheet vinyl, professional installation is often your best bet.
Laminate flooring ranges from about $1.00 per square foot for 7 mm-thick planks to about $5.00 per square foot for 12 mm-thick planks.
Vinyl flooring can cost as little as $1.00 per square foot for thin, glue-down vinyl flooring. Vinyl costs rise to around $5.00 per square foot for luxury vinyl planks, and premium brands will cost more.
Best for Cost: Tied
Laminate flooring and luxury vinyl flooring are roughly comparable in price, although sheet vinyl does hold a slight edge. Both laminate flooring and vinyl flooring are usually less expensive than natural hardwood, engineered wood, and many types of ceramic or porcelain tile.
Laminate flooring warranties typically range from 10 to 25 years, but this is dependent on a rigorous maintenance schedule.
Warranties on luxury vinyl flooring often range up to 20 years.
Best for Lifespan: Tied
As long as laminate flooring is kept reasonably dry and is regularly cleaned, buyers may expect lifespans close to that of vinyl flooring.
Some laminate flooring manufacturers offer products that qualify for LEED MR4 (Recycled Content) status. But laminate flooring still uses a plastic surface layer, and the melamine resins used in the creation of the core level are by no means green materials since they may off-gas chemicals.
Vinyl flooring has improved its green stature in recent years. Some vinyl flooring manufacturers now offer products that achieve a LEED credit EQ4.3 for Low-Emitting Material. Vinyl is a synthetic material that is known to produce toxic chemicals when burned. Vinyl does not decompose in landfills, and recycling it is usually not an option.
Best for Environmental Impact: Laminate Flooring
If using green building materials is important to you, laminate flooring has a small advantage, thanks to the natural wood content of the fiberboard core. Still, neither of these materials is especially environmentally friendly in the way that natural wood, linoleum, or bamboo floor coverings are.
Laminate flooring is pressure-laminated with several layers, the top being a clear aluminum oxide layer that is superior for stain resistance.
Quality vinyl flooring is coated with a transparent urethane layer that provides excellent stain-resistance.
Best for Stain Resistance: Tied
Good quality, modern vinyl flooring and laminate flooring both receive wear layers treated with properties do an excellent job of resisting stains.
Comfort and Sound
Though laminate flooring does not feel like wood, it does have a warm feeling, especially when coupled with premium-quality underlayment.
Vinyl floors of all types can feel cold or hard on the feet, especially when they are installed over concrete or existing ceramic tile floors.
Best for Comfort and Sound: Laminate Flooring
Laminate flooring products can feel somewhat hollow underfoot when compared to the wood floors they are supposed to mimic. But when combined with either foam or felt underlayment, laminate flooring will be quieter, softer, and more comfortable to walk on.
Premium laminate flooring can lend extra resale value to a home, as long as it is relatively new and in good condition.
Major brand luxury vinyl plank flooring will bring decent resale value to a home. Inferior quality vinyl flooring will often be seen by buyers as a project-in-waiting once the house has closed sale.
Best for Resale Value: Tied
Quality laminate flooring and vinyl flooring lend a comparable amount of value to a home. Neither brings the high-value prestige of solid hardwood, engineered hardwood, or designer ceramic tile or natural stone floors. At the same time, quality laminate or vinyl flooring usually will not put off prospective home buyers.
Which Flooring Should You Buy?
No flooring is universally better or worse than the other flooring. Vinyl flooring is best for laundry rooms, wet bathrooms, and mudrooms. If you are installing flooring in those rooms, you'll probably want to choose vinyl flooring simply on the basis of moisture-resistance. For dry areas, laminate flooring works well. Buyers usually will find more style options with laminate flooring over vinyl flooring.
- Dream Home (Lumber Liquidators / LL Flooring)
What is vinyl flooring?
Vinyl flooring is a durable and waterproof floor that is easy to install as the planks connect together to make a floating floor. It is great to use in bathrooms, kitchens, and any other room in a house.
What are the main differences between laminate and vinyl flooring?
Laminate flooring is not waterproof, while vinyl flooring is 100% waterproof. Both floorings are stain-resistant and offer the option of underlayment, but are built a bit differently. Laminate uses a fiberboard core constructed of wood byproducts, and vinyl flooring is made from synthetic polymer materials.
Is vinyl or laminate flooring easier to clean?
Both types of flooring can be swept, but vinyl floors can be wet mopped, while laminate flooring should only be damp mopped with a mop that's almost dry.