The word coriander refers to a plant, Coriandrum sativum, of which both the leaves and the seeds are used in the culinary arts.
When the coriander leaves are used, they are considered an herb. Coriander leaves, also known as cilantro, have a bright, almost citrus-like flavor. Coriander leaves are used in all sorts of cuisines, from Latin American to Asian. In Mexico and the United States, fresh coriander leaves are frequently used as a garnish for salsas and spicy soups.
Coriander seed, which are actually the dried fruit of the coriander plant, is used as a spice. Typically used ground, coriander seed has a spicy, citrus flavor. Coriander seed is used extensively in Indian, Middle Eastern and Asian cuisines. Whole coriander seed is sometimes used in pickling and brining.
Also Known As:
- Chinese parsley
Also see: Quiz: Is It an Herb or a Spice?