Small appliance loads are those circuits dedicated for the use of connecting small appliances in the kitchen and laundry room areas of your home. The appliances may include; waffle irons, toasters, pizza ovens, crock pots, coffee pots, blenders and clothes irons. These appliances need their own circuits due to the large amount of power they consume.
In areas close to sinks and wet locations, ground fault circuit interrupter outlets are also required.
These are outlets that automatically detect a difference of potential and trip to save your life. You see, they turn power off to the outlet and the appliances they are feeding in the event of trouble.
The National Electrical Code requires that two kitchen and one laundry circuit, 1500 watts each for a total of 4500 watts, be installed. Having dedicated circuits allows you the ability to run these appliances while not interrupting the general outlet and lighting circuits throughout the house.
To determine the amount of load that each of these small appliances draw, the manufacturers have provided you with a nameplate giving you the voltage and kilowatts used by the small appliance.
There are fixed larger appliances in the home that also require dedicated circuits. These appliances also have nameplate ratings and are listed somewhere on the appliance on a white or silver tag. You'll find them on electric clothes dryers, water heaters, freezers, refrigerators, microwave ovens, dishwashers, ranges, food disposers, and water heaters.
Then there are things like furnaces, baseboard heaters, and also window and central air conditioners.