What Is Bluestone?

Bluestone Pavers Come in a Variety of Shapes, Colors and Sizes

Image of bluestone paver patio.
The color of the bluestone pavers on this patio is picked up by the chairs chosen to furnish it.

The Spruce / David Beaulieu

Bluestone is durable, attractive, and ideal for all kinds of uses including patios, pool decks, stone steps, or entryways. Both types of U.S. bluestone have long been used as pavers in hardscapes

What Is Bluestone?

Bluestone is a common type of stone used in construction. There are two varieties: Pennsylvania Bluestone, which is a sandstone, and Shenandoah Bluestone, a limestone. The former is a type of sedimentary rock composed of sand-size grains, and the latter is also a type of sedimentary rock, but it's composed mostly of calcium carbonate.

Bluestone Pavers Color and Shape

Bluestone pavers come in several sizes and shapes: they may be cut in uniform sizes such as squares or rectangles, or they might be cut for a more natural look with jagged edges and irregular shapes. What you use in your paving project is a matter of taste, although the irregular sizes lend themselves to more free-form designs such as walkways and stepping stones. Uniform pieces will be easier to work with, of course, since mapping out the area to cover will require less work.

The Pros of Bluestone in a Landscape

Bluestone is durable and will last many years. Its natural earth-tone colors are gracious and attractive and complement almost any landscape. Its rough surface also means that it rarely gets slick or slippery. Further, it's readily available and it comes from United States' quarries, so there is no overseas shipping to add to its cost, which is already somewhat high.

Bluestone can tolerate all kinds of weather and temperature fluctuations—you can incorporate it into your landscape wherever you live, whether you endure snow and ice or desert heat.

Fun Fact

In 1938, artist Harvey Fite acquired a deserted bluestone quarry in the town of Saugerties, NY. Over the next 37 years, he created a giant sculpture garden, now known as Opus 40, from the stone. Today, locals and tourists alike enjoy visiting the park.

The Cons of Bluestone in a Landscape

An obvious disadvantage to bluestone is its cost — any natural material will be more expensive than a manmade material such as concrete pavers or bricks, and bluestone is especially prized for its beauty. It can be harder to install bluestone than concrete or bricks because it is commonly irregularly shaped and also may not have a standard depth.

The darker colors can get hot, so bluestone might not be a good choice pool-side where you and your family are walking barefoot. 

Another consideration is that you will need to seal it to protect it from damage due to debris, salt or chemicals, such as chlorine.

Tips for Buying and Installing Bluestone

Before choosing your bluestone pavers, first, decide whether you want irregular pavers or uniform size pavers. Irregular will be harder to install but may fit better with your existing garden design. 

Be aware that bluestone is a natural material, and so even uniform sizes will have imperfections: small clefts or crevices, or rust stains, for instance. Consider these irregularities part of the beauty of the stone.

Bluestone generally is an inch to an inch and a half thick. Typically, a palette of 1.5 inch bluestone covers about 180 square feet, while one-inch-thick bluestone will cover approximately 220 square feet. You can install bluestone on a range of materials including sand, cement or gravel, like most other pavers.