What Is Laundry Starch?
Laundry starch is made from rice, corn or wheat. The use of starch adds body to fabrics, creates soil resistance, easier soil removal, and makes ironing easier. As a natural product, starch works best on 100 percent cotton, cotton blends, and linen to provide crispness.
Starch can be purchased in aerosol cans, liquid or powdered form. You can even make it at home. For the straight-from-the-cleaner crispness, you need to use a liquid starch because the entire shirt needs to be dipped.
In addition to its usefulness as an ironing aid for clothes, starch can be used to create kid's crafts like paint or paper mache paste. One of my favorite ways to use liquid is to shape and stiffen crocheted crafts made from cotton thread. The handiwork will hold its shape forever, as long as it stays dry.
How to Use Laundry Starch
Starch is applied after a garment has been washed and all stains have been removed. Every type of laundry starch will have directions for use on the packaging. Follow them carefully to get the level of stiffness you desire.
For quick crispness to shirts, simply spray just before ironing. If the fabric is slightly damp from the spray, you'll get the best results. Liquid starch can also be diluted and sprayed onto the garment you are ironing. But for stiff, crisp shirts like those from the cleaners, you'll need to dip the entire shirt in a starch solution and allow it to dry before ironing.
One tip to remember about starch. It is a natural product that can cause scorching if the iron is too hot.
Laundry Sizing vs. Laundry Starch
If you are looking for stiff collars and cuffs on a natural fiber fabric like cotton, linen or bamboo, use starch. If you want only a slight crispness and a smoother, sharper looked to any fabric, natural or synthetic, after ironing, use sizing.
Sizing does not discolor fabrics and is safe to use on all washable fabrics. It is so light that scorching or gumming up an iron plate is less likely than with starch.
Spray sizing is removed from the fabric after each washing and should be reapplied at the time of each ironing.
What Is Laundry Sizing?
Sizing is a resinous solution that adds body to fabric, creates soil resistance when the garment is worn, ease of soil removal when the fabric is washed, and makes ironing easier. The sizing solution can be vegetable or petroleum based. It is often applied by the textile manufacturer during weaving or knitting or by the clothing manufacturer during construction of garments. Some textile companies use formaldehyde as a fabric sizer, which is another good reason to launder all new clothes before wearing to avoid skin irritation.
Laundry sizing or fabric finishes are available in aerosol and trigger spray bottles for home use right before ironing.
Sizing is the preferred method of adding body and crispness to clothes made of man-made fibers such as polyester or cotton/polyester blends because vegetable-based starch will not adhere to these fibers. It can be used with the lower ironing temperatures recommended for these fabrics.
Sizing can be used for natural fabrics like cotton and linen that must be ironed at higher temperatures, but it is not as effective as starch for adding stiffness.
How to Use Laundry Sizing for Ironing
While starch can be applied to fabrics and allowed to dry before ironing, you will have better results with sizing if you spray small areas of the garment just before ironing. Hold the sizing can or bottle about eight to ten inches away from the fabric and spray with light even coating.
Iron the area following the recommended iron temperature setting for the fabric type. Then move to the next area. Allow the ironed garment to cool and dry completely before wearing or storing to avoid excessive wrinkling.
Other Uses of the Term Sizing
- A form of sizing is used during the manufacturing of paper to reduce liquid absorbency. The addition of sizing allows inks and paints to remain on the surface of the paper rather than being absorbed. This is particularly important when printing wallpaper, art, and reading materials.
- The term sizing is also used for any surface to which gilding or gold leaf will be added. This sizing of the wood, plaster or paper allows the gold leaf to adhere to the desired surface more quickly.
- In weaving, sizing is the term that is applied to the warp yarn on a loom and is essential to reduce breakage by improving the strength and abrasion resistance of the yarn. The size can be made from starch, oil, wax, gelatin or manufactured polymers.
Svedman, Cecilia, et al. Textile Contact Dermatitis: How Fabrics Can Induce Dermatitis. Current Treatment Options in Allergy, vol. 6, no. 1, 2019, pp. 103–111., doi:10.1007/s40521-019-0197-5