Knitting 101: Your First Knitting Project

  • 01 of 08

    Gather Your Supplies

    Learn to Knit Project Supplies
    Supplies for your first knitting project. (c) Sarah E. White, licensed to About.com, Inc.

    If you're a brand new knitter wondering where to start, you've come to the right place. This simple knit square is the perfect first project. You will learn all the basics of knitting: how to cast on, knit, bind off, and weave in ends. When you're done you can use the square as a coaster, even if it doesn't look perfect.

    That's a good thing to note at the outset: A knitter with a lot of experience will have very even stitches and yours may not look like the tutorial, but that will come for...MORE you with time. Don't get discouraged if your sample doesn't look exactly like examples. The whole point of this is practice and getting you comfortable with knitting on a small project without a lot of investment in time or supplies.

    Basic Knitting Supplies for Your First Project

    Speaking of supplies, getting yours together is step one. Here's what you need to get started:

    • A ball of medium-weight yarn, acrylic or wool.
    • One pair 10-inch long knitting needles. Some knitters prefer aluminum but others find wooden or bamboo needles easier to use, experiment if you don't like the first needles you buy.
    • Scissors to cut yarn at the end of the project.
    • A blunt-end yarn needle or a crochet hook for weaving in the ends (if you want to use your finished square).
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  • 02 of 08

    Casting On

    Casting on First Project
    20 stitches cast on using the wrap method. (c) Sarah E. White, licensed to About.com, Inc.

    To start any knitting project, you have to make the loops on the needle that you will then knit to form the fabric. This is known as casting on.

    There are many different methods for casting on, but two of the easiest for new knitters are the wrap cast on and the knit cast on.

    • Performing a knit cast on is handy because you basically learn how to make the knit stitch at the same time.
    • The wrap cast on is also quick and easy, if not quite as firm. 

    The Cast On is the Foundation of Every Knit Project

    You...MORE might want to practice a bit before you make the final cast on for your knitting. As you practice, check that all your loops are relatively even in tension as this will affect the rest of the project.

    • Simply cast on using either (or both) methods, check your work, and slip the stitches off the needles.
    • Do this as many times as you like until you feel comfortable with the technique.
    • You will be using a cast on for every knitting project in the future so it's good to get a feel for it right away.

    When you're ready to begin the project itself, cast on 20 stitches in the method of your choice.

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  • 03 of 08

    Knitting the First Row

    Knitting the First Row of Your Project
    The first row of the project has been knit. (c) Sarah E. White, licensed to About.com, Inc.

    Now that you've cast on your stitches, you're ready to begin forming the knit stitches. Put the needle with the stitches in your left hand and the empty needle in your right hand. Hold the needles in the way that feels most comfortable for you.

    1. Place the tip of the right needle into the stitch at the top of the left needle from front to back.
    2. Wrap the yarn coming from the ball around the right needle counterclockwise.
    3. Pull that loop of yarn through in front of the left needle and slide the original...MORE loop off the left needle.

    Continue in this same method until all the stitches from the left needle have been worked and are on the right needle.

    As mentioned earlier, don't worry if your stitches aren't even and perfect; that will come with practice, which is what we're doing right now.

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  • 04 of 08

    Knitting the Second Row

    Working on the Second Row
    Knitting the second row of your project. (c) Sarah E. White, licensed to About.com, Inc.

    Knitting the second row and all subsequent rows of your project is exactly the same as the first. Not sure how to get started on that second row?

    Just turn the work over and put the needle full of stitches back in your left hand. You should be seeing the bumpy side of the stitches you just knit. Knit across the entire row and when you reach the end, turn the work and begin again.

    Keep On Keepin' On

    Knitting is, very simply, a series of repeated stitches that are worked along one row of stitches on...MORE the needle at a time. That's it, really, so keep going!

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  • 05 of 08

    Finishing the Knitting

    First Knitting Project Knitting Finished
    The knitting of the swatch is finished. (c) Sarah E. White, licensed to About.com, Inc.

    Now that you have the hang of making the knit stitch, just keep going until you want to call your work finished.

    Knit at least until the project becomes a square, which is about 38 rows. This will give you a good amount of practice, but you can make yours as long or short as you like.

    Are You Seeing Holes?

    If you're getting holes in your knitting, count the number of loops on your knitting needle to make sure you still have 20 (count every few rows just to make sure). For this project, it...MORE doesn't matter if it gets a little wider or a little narrower, but the goal is to keep the same number of stitches you started with as you go through the project.

    You might notice a hole and a loop that was not stitched into the fabric. Knitters call this a dropped stitch and it happens to everyone. There are ways to fix it, but it's not necessary for this project as we're just practicing.

    The dropped stitch was likely a result of that loop slipping off the end of the needle and it's simply something to be aware of in the future.

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  • 06 of 08

    Binding Off the Work

    Binding off Your Project
    The project after binding off. (c) Sarah E. White, licensed to About.com, Inc.

    So, you're ready to call your project done? First, we have to get those stitches back off of the needle in a way that will finish up the edge so all your hard work won't unravel.

    This is known as binding off -- or sometimes as casting off -- and it's really simple to do.

    1. Knit two stitches in the normal way.
    2. Use your left-hand needle tip to pick up the first stitch you knit and slide it up and over the second stitch you knit and the tip of the right knitting needle.
    3. This leaves one stitch on the...MORE right needle.
    4. Continue in this manner until you're down to one stitch on the right needle and none on the left.
    5. Cut your yarn that's attached to the ball, leaving 6 inches or so.
    6. Slide that last loop off the knitting needle and thread the yarn through it.
    7. Pull tight and you're done (well, almost)!
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  • 07 of 08

    Weaving in Ends

    Weaving in Ends of First Project
    Weaving in the ends to finish your project. (c) Sarah E. White, licensed to About.com, Inc.

    Since this project is really just for practice (and may, frankly, have turned out pretty scary looking), it's not absolutely necessary to weave in the ends. However, if you want to go through all the motions of a real knitting project, or you want to use this piece as a coaster, you'll want to weave in the ends.

    Weaving in ends is essential for knitting projects because it hides those loose ends of yarn and keeps everything nice and finished so you can use the finished project.

    You can do this...MORE either by threading the end on a yarn needle and weaving it into some of the stitches. You can also do the same thing with a crochet hook.

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  • 08 of 08

    How to Use Your Knitting Project

    Finished Knitting Project
    The finished knit square. (c) Sarah E. White, licensed to About.com, Inc.

    If you want to use this knitting project in your daily life, try using it as a coaster. Or knit a bunch and sew them together into a bag, table runner, or scarf. You can also just keep knitting and knitting until you get a long piece and you will have your first scarf.

    Once you're comfortable with making the knit stitch, learn how to purl, and explore a few easy knitting patterns for beginners.